Nose drops antibacterial and antimicrobial for children
What are antibacterial nose drops for kids?
The product line of modern pharmaceutical market is represented by a variety of positions of nasal products. Deeply range allows you to purchase medicines for the whole therapeutic course different price range. Choice drops for recovery of ENT-organs is based on the recommendations of the audiologist, the etiology of the disease.
In the treatment of bacterial forms of rhinitis, the task of parents and professionals to use effective, but at the same time safe pharmacological products. To strengthen the immune system, and relief of symptoms of inflammation of the mucosa, a doctor prescribes an antimicrobial nose drops.
The mechanism of action of antibacterial drops
The purpose of antiviral drugs – provide a therapeutic effect in viral pathologies: influenza, HIV infections, herpes. Their main component a substance – interferon. The product has identical properties to the protein, which the body produces to prevent the entry of pathogens.
A weakened immune system is not able to repel the attack of pathogenic strains, as a result, the development of infectious diseases. To enhance the natural protection requires a synthesized protein that contains an antibacterial medication.
It is important to take the drops in the first hours of symptoms of infection after contact with a clear media, the increase in seasonal morbidity. The medicine affects non-cellular infectious agents that are just starting to become more active.
With timely admission, the patient’s condition improved on the 3rd day: returning to normal breathing process, decreased mucosal edema. Antiviral agent used as a preventive measure.
For reference! The first signs of bacterial mucosal lesions izjavljuje through selection myconazole of secret green or yellow color, congestion and swelling of nasal passages, increased body temperature.
Antibacterial drugs are localized within the mucous membrane, so are not absorbed into the systemic circulation, no suppression of healthy microflora. Limiting contact with nasal drops does not cause a reflex edema, increased congestion.
Along with advantages, have a list of contraindications, so the prerequisites for use are the advice of a doctor.
How to choose drops with antibacterial effect for children
In the preparation of a therapeutic scheme, the doctor is guided by the results of bacteriological seeding. Laboratory examination allows us to identify a number of pathogenic and conditionally-pathogenic strains, to determine their sensitivity to synthetic compounds.
The representative of the group of aminoglycosides «Izofra»
In otolaryngology the list of effective antibacterial drugs has headed the spray «Izofra». Active substance – framizetin, bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative strains.
The drug is intended for the integrated treatment of pathologies of the upper and lower respiratory tract, caused by pathogenic microorganisms (bacterial sinusitis, rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis), prevention during the recovery period after surgical operations on the ENT organs.
The product is characterized by low systemic absorption, the development of resistance to framycetin occurs in isolated cases.
For reference! The duration of the incubation period of pathogenic strains varies from 2 to 5 days, after which the violation of the integrity of the mucosa manifested the characteristic symptoms.
The risk group includes patients with hypersensitivity of the organism to individual components. Children are allowed to use in the second year of life. Manufacturers recommend to limit the use of the nasal spray during breastfeeding.
Before using antibacterial spray nasal passages are cleaned with saline or special products based on isotonic seawater («Akvamaris», «Saline», «Salt», «Pinosol»).
The dosage and course of treatment is determined by the pediatrician. The best option is irrigation alternately each nasal channel one injection three times a day. The duration of the therapeutic procedures is limited to 7-10 days.
Antibacterial drops «Polideksa»
The present composition of three active ingredients: dexamethasone active anti-inflammatory agents, phenylephrine provides a vasoconstrictor effect, neomycin and polymixin has antimicrobial effects.
Drug activity aimed at the inhibition of synthesis of infectious agents that affect the upper and lower respiratory tract. Is assigned when the sinusitis of different localization, allergic rhinitis, acute and chronic rhinitis.
The use of the drug facilitates nasal breathing, swelling of the mucous membrane eliminates. According to the instructions for use contraindications include the presence in the anamnesis of the following deviations:
- heart failure;
- high blood pressure;
- predisposition to disorders of cerebral circulation (stroke);
- urethro-prostatic disorders.
Forbidden parallel application «Polideksa» with nonselective MAO inhibitors, alpha-sympathomimetics, halogenated antiseptics. Undesirable combination with selective antidepressants, acetylsalicylic acid.
For reference! Therapeutic effect is manifested through the elimination of edema, easier breathing.
The lifting of the drug after prolonged use can cause a deterioration of the patient, the development of new symptoms of disease. The presence in the composition of the sympathomimetic requires adherence to dosage and duration of treatment.
The drug is used in Pediatrics for children from the age of 15. Patients are assigned one irrigation in the nose every 4 hours, but not more than 3 times a day.
Adverse reactions systemic and local allergic symptoms, a sensation of dryness in the mouth, retching, palpitations, fever, sleep disturbance.
Antibacterial drug one of the first appeared on the pharmaceutical market, and today has not lost an effective therapeutic properties. The main ingredient is fusafungine, exhibits bacteriostatic activity against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, agents affecting the urogenital system (mycoplasmas), microorganisms of the genus Candida.
The mechanism of action is based on the ability of the polypeptide antibiotic to inhibit the synthesis and adhesion of pathogenic viruses.
Nasal acts in the lesions, absorbed in a minimum amount, its concentration in the blood is not defined. Derived from the body of the nasal mucus.
The drug is available in a bottle with spray. Content liquid has a pale yellow color with an oily layer and a distinctive aroma. Medicinal product used for the treatment of children under the age of 2.5 years, patients with hypersensitivity to individual components.
During infection and inflammation of the nasopharynx, upper respiratory tract otolaryngologist appoints child 4 inhalations at an interval of 3 hours (up to 4 times a day).
In acute inflammatory pathologies of the inner lining of the nose (rhinitis, sinusitis) «Bioparox» is entered through the nasal passages, with the defeat of the nasopharynx (tracheitis, acute tonsillitis, bronchitis) – through the mouth. When cross-disease actions are conducted alternately through the respiratory tract and the throat. The drug will be effective for patients after tonsillectomy.
The course of treatment is 7 days, but each case is individual, the doctor determines the duration of use.
For reference! The price of «Bioparox» starts from 500 rubles.
Prior to use the nasal passages are cleared of mucus and dust «Akvamaris». The abolition of the pharmaceutical product requires the expression of the following reactions:
- rash and itching skin;
- breathing disorders;
- the sensation of dryness in the nose and throat;
- watery eyes, inflammation of the eyelids;
- reducing taste sensations.
The appropriateness of therapy «Bioparox» during pregnancy and lactation is determined by the physician. Data on the safety and concentration of active substances in breast milk are not represented, so the drug used in clinical cases where the intended benefits to the mother, the higher the potential threat to the unborn child.
Infectious rhinitis causes a disruption of the respiratory process that leads to fast fatigue of the child, reduction of appetite, headaches, cough, and in infants is equivalent to vitally threatening condition.
At the first deviations from the norm, parents should seek professional medical help. The competence of the doctor to determine the etiology of the disease, to find antibacterial nose drops for kids.