Nose drops Dexamethasone: instructions for use and reviews
How to take drops of «Dexamethasone»?
Any discomfort in the nose, whether of a catarrhal rhinitis, or runny nose allergic nature, can bring people a lot of inconvenience. Do you know that hated the stuffy nose when hard just to breathe and even to speak, eat, and generally lead a normal lifestyle.
Well, when standard methods of treatment can help. But if the disease is delayed and has become more complex, come to the aid of more complex drugs, such as drops in the nose «Dexamethasone», the instructions for use which further will be discussed.
«Dexamethasone» — composition and properties
«Dexamethasone» — a pharmacological agent belonging to the group of corticosteroids for local effect.
Drug release form of this drug is eye drops, which are widely used in ophthalmology.
But in addition to this, the professionals quite often prescribe them for severe forms of pathology of ENT organs.
In view of this medicinal substance is a transparent liquid without color and smell. Available in plastic vials with dropper volume of 5 ml, Packed in cartons.
Except that «Dexamethasone» is made in 2 pharmaceutical forms: solution for injection and tablets.
The active component of the drug is dexamethasone, a hormone that is produced synthetically and is the analog of the hormones produced in the human body cortisone and hydrocortisone.
Help. Synthetic hormones are characterized by a list of advantages as opposed to natural, because they have more aktivnosti. But this may provoke systemic adverse reactions.
Dexamethasone, supplemented by a small amount of auxiliary substances, are able to perform a list of actions that are beneficial to the body and eliminating protracted pathological processes. Among them especially prominent are the following:
In addition, the pharmaceuticals provides a powerful analgesic effect and is involved in the elimination of the inflammatory reaction in the tissue resulting from chemical or mechanical damage, or immune failure.
Indications for use
Since the medicinal substance is produced in the form of eye drops, indications for use are different ailments of the human visual system.
In ophthalmology, it is customary to use in such diseases as:
- Non-purulent conjunctivitis, keratitis and keratoconjunctivitis.
- Conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis allergic origin.
- Superficial injury of the cornea of various origins.
- Scleritis and episcleritis.
- Inflammation of the posterior segment of the eye.
- Sympathetic ophthalmia.
Besides being used for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes in inflammatory processes in the recovery period after injuries and operations.
As already mentioned, this tool is used, and with proven efficacy, in diseases of the ear inflammatory and / or allergic nature. Also used for the treatment of diseases of the nasal cavity. This is despite the fact that the official annotation of direct indications for treatment of such diseases.
In both cases, when the pathological process is not possible to stop using standard therapeutic methods.
Contraindications and side effects
Given the fact that the drops work topically, not systemically, contraindications for their use not a big amount. Pharmaceutical means you cannot take in the following situations:
- intolerance of one of the components of the substance;
- children under 18 years of age;
- fungal diseases of ocular structures;
- tuberculosis of the eye;
- purulent infections of the eye;
- viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva.
- viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva.
This is with regard to therapy of the eye relative to the treatment of diseases of the nasal cavity, in this case a contraindication are the first 2 points.
Help. During pregnancy and lactation drops used only in those circumstances where the expected benefits for women will exceed the potential harmful effects on the fetus.
Possible side effects from treatment with this drug substance can be divided into 2 groups:
- Common – burning, discomfort, stinging, redness.
- Rare – local allergies, thinning of the cornea, increased intraocular pressure, the development of bacterial, fungal or viral eye infections, blepharitis, conjunctivitis.
Same common side effects may occur with instillation of nose drops.
The use of the drug
Having dealt with the question of whether drip «Dexamethasone» in the nose, we consider in detail how to do it right.
Drops designed to eliminate serious diseases of the nasal cavity, the treatment of which was delayed for a long time. And even in these cases, the use of this tool must have a compelling reason. These illnesses include:
- with strong hay fever severe reaction, which can not cope antihistamines.
The duration of action of the drug is from 4 to 8 hours. However, he is well absorbed by nasal mucosa, then enters into the systemic circulation.
To be treated independently in such a means you’d better not, appointment should be done by a qualified technician.
Help. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor individually and on the average can be from 2 to 9 days, but no more. This also applies to dosage.
Sinusitis is an inflammatory process that affects not only the nasal passages but also the maxillary sinus.
The disease is very unpleasant, accompanied by a large number of symptoms: toothache and headache, nasal congestion, pain in the paranasal sinuses.
If time does not begin treatment, the sinuses will begin to accumulate pus, which will only exacerbate unpleasant symptoms.
If not pathology may acquire a chronic form, or face serious complications.
Traditionally, sinusitis is treated in several ways:
- Easy form – drug treatment and procedures.
- Severe form – perform surgical perforation for removing purulent mass.
If a standard set of therapeutic action does not help, but sinusitis periodically returns or worsens the doctor may prescribe these drops, which will serve as a powerful reinforcement of the basic treatment.
«Dexamethasone» in the sinus is allowed to drip no more than 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 7 days. The dosage is selected individually, based on the nature of the disease and its stage.
Important! This tool cannot be applied together with a vasoconstrictor drops, that is, the period of treatment they should be deleted.
It is worth saying that many doctors prefer other form of these medicines, which are easier to use, more efficient and most importantly, safer. «Dexamethasone» can be replaced by any hormonal nasal spray.
Among such medications can be identified such sprays as «Nasonex», «Flixonase», «lower blood pressure mother». To produce such a substitute better the advice of a physician.
If there is usual catarrhal runny nose, then there is no need to rush to make hard drugs.
It is clear that want to get rid of this annoying and grueling ailments.
However, «Dexamethasone» when cold is not an option, as the drug is very serious, like all hormonal. In unskilled hands, and ignorance of the correct application of it can cause substantial harm to the body.
For these purposes there are countless means: safe from the sea water or interferon, to complex combined, capable of performing several impacts simultaneously.
The tool still need to leave in the extreme case, when the treatment of the common cold was delayed, and there is no improvement. But in this case its use is appropriate when visiting the doctor.
In order to completely form an opinion about the drops in the nose «Dexamethasone», take a look at reviews of people, myself have experienced their effects:
Anna: «for 3 years I suffered from nasal congestion. It was laying so that I couldn’t breathe. With vasoconstrictive drops apart, nothing else seemed to work. Doctors to find the cause failed. At that time, visiting Laura, received the appointment of eye drops «Dexamethasone».
Dripping 3 times a day for no more than 5 days. The first few days were very difficult, because his nose wasn’t breathing. Then it became easier, but on day 5, the nose began to breathe independently. Since that time it’s been 4 years and in that time I have never any drops are not used».
Alina: «I for a long time pursued residual symptoms after sinusitis: a little nipped by the frost, and the nose immediately lays down. And noticed that the smell began to disappear. Went to the doctor who prescribed me this stuff, but warned that eye drops, and hormonal. Buried under the scheme: 5 days, 3 times, then 2 times a day, and then 1 again until all the symptoms disappear. Passing such a course, got rid of the nasal congestion all effects of sinusitis and regained the sense of smell».
In order to not have to be treated serious, and somewhat dangerous drugs, it is not necessary to run even the common cold.
Our body is so constituted that he sometimes required assistance to eliminate inflammation. If he does not receive it «seems» at the mercy of the sore. And after that is suffering from complex long-term treatment, and is not vitamin C. Heal in time!