Nose drops Dioxidine: usage instructions for adults, reviews
How to drip into the nose Dioxidine?
Runny nose, stuffy nose symptoms of colds, making breathing difficult and cause discomfort both day and night. If you do not treat the common cold, over time it can develop into sinusitis, which cure much more difficult. For the treatment of all inflammatory processes in the human body apply antibacterial drugs that inhibit or destroy harmful microorganisms, delay their reproduction, thereby helping the body defend itself against disease-causing bacteria.
Almost all antibiotics have an antibacterial and bactericidal action. Antibacterial activity is the ability to suspend the growth of bacteria and contribute to their destruction, and bactericidal activity is the ability of a drug to provoke the death of bacteria by damaging the cell membrane and penetrate into bacterial cells. One of the reliable and proven tools for instillation into the nose is used to recover the vials.
The description of the drug Dioxidine
One of the most effective antibacterial drugs of wide spectrum of action is Dioxidine — antiseptic domestic production, based on chinoxalin. He has an active effect on the types of bacteria that are resistant to other chemicals and antibiotics.
Dioxidine has been used successfully as intravenously, and topically for intracavitary injections in the treatment of purulent-inflammatory processes in the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
The drug is not zapatentovana a cure for the common cold and you will never find instructions on the use of nose drops Dioxidine. But ENT doctors in the practice often use this tool.
The action of the drug differs from that of the normal vasoconstrictor drops and sprays – it does not irritate the nasal mucosa and is not addictive if you use less than 3 weeks.
As a very powerful antiseptic Dioxidine penetrates the sinuses and helps kill bacteria (including pyogenic), provoking the growth of infection and development of sinusitis.
Indications for use
Effective in the treatment of purulent inflammation of lungs, pleurisy, empyema, gall or bladder and ducts, peritonitis and other diseases caused by staphylococci, streptococci, Salmonella, Pseudomonas and dysenteric sticks and some other strains of bacteria.
Not less effective action Dioksidina in the treatment of diseases of ear, throat, nose. As a very strong antiseptic, the drug is actively disinfects hard-to-reach sinuses of the nose and throat, kills bacteria in the bronchi.
Nevertheless, many doctors suggest to resort to treatment used to recover only in extreme cases:
- in protracted form of sinusitis with purulent secretions and the absence of reaction to other antibiotics sinus puncture and wash them with Dioxidine;
- at impossibility of use of alternative antibiotics;
- before surgery for disinfection of the sinuses.
How to breed Dioxidine
The drug is sold in pharmacies in the form of ampoules for injection 0.5% or 1% solution in 5 or 10 ml For instillation into the nose using 0.5% solution of pure and 1% solution diluted with boiled water (or saline solution) 1:1.
In severe sinusitis, it is advisable to use complex drops, which include Hydrocortisone and Adrenaline. They are best enjoyed at the pharmacy, but you can prepare at home, proportioning.
The shelf life of the solution Dioksidina is 2 years.
Sometimes in vials, you notice crystalline precipitate. This does not mean that the drug is not suitable. The vials need to be warmed up in your hands or in a water bath, and if after cooling, the precipitate appears again, you can use the tool.
How dripping Dioksidin in the nose adults
For the treatment of rhinitis or sinusitis in adults using the solution Dioksidina, which has established itself not only as a powerful and effective means of combating disease but also as a reliable protection from repeated relapse. Usually used for this purpose of the vial Dioksidina 1%. The course of treatment, depending on the severity of the disease ranges from 3 to 7 days.
To put the tool in the nose, you need to open the vial and pipette to introduce the medication deeply into each nasal passage 2-3 drops. Repeat the procedure recommended 3 times a day. The neck of the vial should be closed with a cotton swab and put it in the fridge, but before using it to warm in his hands.
The open vial can be stored for more than a day. Unused medication should be discarded. To achieve greater effect, it is recommended that before instillation to flush the sinuses a weak saline solution.
The drug Dioxidine is a pretty aggressive antiseptic and therefore there are a number of contraindications to its use:
- Individual intolerance of the drug. Before use Dioksidina should check the body of the portability of tools. An allergic reaction occurs after 3-6 hours.
- Pregnancy and lactation. It is prohibited to use the drug during pregnancy and lactation, as revealed teratogenic and toxic effects. Dioxidine penetrates through the placenta and into breast milk and could cause mutations of the fetus and changes in DNA in a nursing infant.
- Children under 12 years the use of funds is strictly not recommended. There are doctors that Dioxidine in large doses can change the structure of the DNA of the child. Therefore, for the treatment of children it is used only in cases when the risk justifies the effect of medications, and other antibiotics do not help (chronic suppurative sinusitis). Treatment should be under medical supervision and with strict observance of dosages and recommendations.
- The violation of adrenal function, renal failure.
Usually for the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis apply the diluted solution, which is well tolerated by patients, but sometimes there are side reactions, which are expressed as:
- temperature rise;
- various allergic reactions;
- strong dizziness, headache;
- intestinal pain, diarrhea, nausea.
Attention! Upon detection of any signs of deterioration and overall condition the use of the drug should be discontinued and make the sorbent.
Feedback about the use Dioksidina
Many patients suffering from sinusitis, was pleased with the use of the drug. In the Internet you can find a lot of positive reviews from people who have used to recover from a cold and not only.
Roman, Moscow: «I used to recover Levomekol was much more effective than various sprays. Now for me this is the number one tool of a cold and a stuffy nose.»
Alex, Samara: «Is cure sinusitis! For several years I tried different methods of dealing with the disease, but nothing was given to the long-term effect. Dioxidine helped for 3 days, in the face of noticeable improvements, and there is a very long!»
Gulnaz, Omsk: «Very good help from the cold. Indispensable in the season of acute colds. Poured into a spray jar and «psikey» — great help and convenient!»
The effect of the use of drugs is evident, though not sufficiently explored. If you try to use this tool, everyone should make a choice – to use it in the future or not.