Nose drops from the common cold and various types of drops

Treatment of runny nose using nasal drops

Nasal drops for the past many years, consider a popular tool used for the treatment of the nose. The peculiarity is that when backfilling, they immediately fall on the nasal mucosa and begin to be active, removing the swelling of tissues. The dosage can be accurately calculated.

In the pharmaceutical market were expensive and budget types of medications. Many of them are safe for children. Buying drops for the child, you need to be especially responsible attitude to the choice. When the baby appears cold, he starts to restless, poor sleep and lose weight. Carefully selected drug will contribute to a speedy recovery.

Vasoconstrictor drops

Drugs with the effect of narrowing of the blood vessels – a common remedy to fight the common cold among patients of all ages. Their action is such that after being hit in the nose, the substance is absorbed and acts directly on the blood vessels of this region. Thus, swelling is reduced and increases the passage for air.

Another advantage of these drugs is that they slow down the production of mucus. It becomes more dense, due to which breathing will be much easier. But do not forget about the instruction, which States that such sprays and drops are not recommended to use more than one consecutive week. Otherwise is addictive.

The most famous types:

  • The nose;
  • Galazolin;
  • Llanos;
  • Nazivin;
  • Naphazoline;
  • Naphazoline;
  • Otrivin;
  • Sanorin;
  • Tizin.

Possible consequences from the use of

When one-time use does not manifest any side effects. However, long-term abuse of nasal drops, the vessels used by the special component included in the product.

Thus, the sudden cessation of use, the swelling occurs again, and the vessels do not can narrow. Sometimes swelling is observed immediately after using the drops. To avoid such complications, it is necessary to thoroughly approach the treatment of rhinitis.

In addition to vasoconstriction, the drug causes the following side effects:

  • impairment of the nutrition of the mucous membrane;
  • blood vessels start to weaken, shrink from the suffering of their strength, whereby they may be injured (for high blood pressure possible bleeding from the nose);
  • tachycardia, insomnia, severe headaches – these undesirable consequences are caused by an overdose of medication.

It is prohibited to use these nose drops for colds people with disorders of the cardiovascular system, as well as in endocrine pathologies.

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Women during lactation should consult with a pediatrician before using such drugs.

Recommendations for use

To avoid any complications, it is necessary to follow the recommendations of use:

  • do not use every day;
  • apply the tool only in extreme cases when it is impossible to breathe;
  • at the initial manifestations of cold you can try to get rid of it with the help of special exercises;
  • day to use the drops take short-term actions, and by night the opposite long-term actions (when cold during wakefulness, breathing is much easier);
  • every day to reduce the amount of the applied dose.

Moisturizer

Rewetting drops are not medication treatment for the common cold. This tool does not provide full therapeutic effect, and serves as adjunct therapy. The main function of the drops is that they improve the process of mucus.

To achieve a positive result, the drug is used in complex with other medicines.

The most famous representatives:

  • Other types of pain;
  • Akvamaris;
  • Delufen;
  • Marker;
  • Salin.

The tool is made from spring water with added salts and essential trace elements. Into the nose, the drug activates the cilia of the mucous membrane. Such drops do not cause any complications and side effects. Therefore, prolonged use is completely safe.

Antibacterial drops

Using nasal antibiotics, patients think that they will be able to get rid of the hated problems. However, some people do believe these drugs are extremely dangerous to use.

When a strong inflammatory process, antibiotic drops are the only way of effective treatment. Not always rhinitis occurs with mild symptoms. Because there is the brain, the effects of acute inflammation can be very sad.

Prescribe these drops when cold bacterial nature lasts more than 5-6 days.

The most effective types of drops:

  • Bioparox;
  • I suffered;
  • Izofra;
  • Polideksa.

The benefits of using the drug:

  • when an antibacterial agent falls directly on the affected area, treatment is faster;
  • allergic reactions are minimized due to the fact that the tool is not in contact with the stomach;
  • drops do not cause harm to the microflora of the organism, and therefore does not reduce the protective function.

Important! Any medications based antibiotics are appointed only the doctor.

If the medication has no positive effect during the treatment, the patient may need to appoint another drug. Otherwise there will be the adaptation of the microorganisms and the treatment is much complicated.

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Hormone drops

Hormonal nose drops contain a hormone similar to what is produced in the adrenal cortex in humans.

These tools are drugs extensive applications, have on the body the following:

  • reduce inflammation;
  • develop resistance to allergies.

Hormonal nose drops that treat a cold with allergies, are available in convenient spray form. Thus, it is possible to spray the medication even in the most inaccessible areas.

Known types of drops for allergies:

  • To lower blood pressure mother — contraindicated in pregnancy and children up to 2 years;
  • Nasonex is especially pronounced effect in the treatment of polyposis;
  • Flixonase – prescribed for use the morning time is used for the treatment of rhinitis in young children.

Indications and contraindications

Drops are assigned in the following cases:

  • in chronic, vasomotor rhinitis;
  • when sinusitis of various forms;
  • after the formation of polyps.

The drug is used for prevention and in case of seasonal diseases. However, it has contraindications and side effects. Overdose can result in unpleasant consequences, such as inflammation of the mucous membrane, dryness in the nasal cavity, bleeding.

The abuse of the drug may develop osteoporosis. It is not recommended to use drops intolerance of any component. Usually this phenomenon is observed in children up to 3-4 years. It is also desirable to apply this method of treatment for pregnant women and during breastfeeding.

Antiviral drops

Antiviral drops – this is the tool that you can use, without fear of consequences.

The drug can drip into the nose to prevent the common cold and the common cold, which is particularly effective at the initial stage of the disease.

Also possible to use the drug for a prolonged stay in the same room with the ill person.

To use the tool you need to until you restart the program. Usually for this purpose in the cavity of the nose buried Grippferon.

Agents of vegetable origin

Herbal drops can drip in the nose with a runny nose children since the age of two and pregnant women, which is their great advantage. However, even though means and refers to the most secure types of treatment, its efficiency is not as high as for the other categories of drugs.

The composition of the plant drops are essential oils. Most often it is the menthol (peppermint oil), pine or eucalyptus oil. After contact of the drug in the nasal cavity feels fresh and it becomes much easier to breathe. However, herbal medicinal products are not able to remove the swelling of the nose or narrow the blood vessels.

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Among the most famous herbal drops — the preparation of combined action Sinupret. It affects the process of thinning the mucus, has expectorant properties. Approved for use in children two years of age.

Treatment runny nose drops for the nose in children

For the treatment of small children under the age of 1 year only use nose drops. Spray use is not recommended because of the structure of the nasal cavity of the baby in this period of life.

Vasoconstrictor drugs is extremely undesirable to use in the treatment of rhinitis in infants. Nazol Bebi is an exception, because it contains a safe component phenylephrine. The most secure types of moisturizing drops for children — is a constant stress and Throat.

Important! What drops treat rhinitis, or acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa in a child only knows the doctor. Strictly forbidden to independently prescribe drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in a newborn.

Antibacterial drugs are also valid for use in children. If the results of the survey are not revealed serious violations, such means will help to cope with the problem.

Sometimes the consequences of self-treatment are devastating. Especially when it comes to the health of a child. Even if someone from the family or acquaintances experienced first-hand the effectiveness of a drug, it is not necessary to follow such recommendations. Only physicians, after full examination, I can conclude what a drop will cure a cold in each case.