Nose drops Otrivin: instructions for use
How to take drops of Otrivin?
In inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx, it is necessary to take urgent measures. Of the disease in this region often lead to otitis media, sinusitis or sore throat. Such effects are especially dangerous during the period of reduced immunity, so the treatment necessary to get instant. But thoughtless use of nasal sprays, drops and other forms of medical treatment can adversely affect the patient’s condition.
When cold chronic or acute and other symptoms of infectious inflammation, are assigned to nasal sprays. Often, these medicines have serious side effects and contraindications. To buy medication is not recommended. After the consultation with the ENT doctor, patients are assigned a nasal spray «Otrivin». We learn of his action, contraindications and other signs more.
The composition and action «Otrivine»
«Otrivin» is a decongestant agent in the form of nasal spray, focused on the narrowing of the blood vessels in the mucous parts of the nasal sinuses. The drug belongs to the class of local drugs that act like adrenaline. Under the influence of active substances of drugs, there is activation of biochemical systems. Thus, there is a bronchodilation and increase blood vessels.
The active components of the drug are selected so that eliminate puffiness and reduce the increased blood flow to the inflamed area almost immediately after you inject.
«Otrivin» nasal not only relieves the feeling of stuffiness, and restores the function of the upper respiratory tract. Thus, the product can be used in the case of acute or chronic rhinitis. In addition, «Otrivin» is assigned in the following cases:
- swelling of the mucous membranes;
- in the case of increasing the flow of blood in the nose;
- in the case of infectious inflammation;
- acute or allergic rhinitis;
- nasal congestion;
- allergic rhinoconjunctivitis;
- inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
The positive effect of the drug is achieved due to its structure. Part medications include:
- Ipratropium bromide monohydrate. This component is actively fighting acute forms of inflammation of the lungs, the bronchi, emphysema.
- Of Xylometazoline hydrochloride. Component is active in the fight against severe allergic rhinitis, infectious diseases, manifestations of rhinitis of different degrees. The item is assigned when inflammation of sinusitis, hay fever, otitis media.
Auxiliary substances spray «Otrivin» include glycerol, disodium edetate dihydrate, concentrated acid and purified water.
The combination of these ingredients helps to stop the release of mucous secretions from the sinuses, swelling of the mucous membrane, to restore breathing function and improve the patient’s condition.
The drug should be administered strictly following the dosage. You must hold a hygiene of the nasal cavity with saline solution or boiled water. After the injection, the effect occurs within ten minutes. The effect lasts for eight hours.
Before injection of the medicinal component in the case of a cold or the swelling of the mucous parts of the nasal passages is necessary to ensure no allergies to the active ingredients.
With a special sensitivity to the active ingredients of drugs to use «Otrivin» is not desirable. Other restrictions include:
- special sensitivity to atropine;
- hypersensitivity to hyoscyamine;
- the rejection of scopolamine;
- increased intraocular pressure;
- surgery on the brain;
- trauma to the brain;
- atrophic rhinitis;
- small children.
Be careful about taking medicine in case of diabetes, high blood pressure, in the case of chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland, which greatly changes the amount of hormones in the blood.
Experts do not recommend frequent use of «Otrivine» in the case of cardiac inflammation, in which there is severe pain in the chest, difficulty of outflow of urine, accompanied by severe pressure in the cavity of the bladder and dysfunction of the kidney or liver.
Do not take a drug for the treatment of rhinitis in disorders of the function of urination in the treatment of this disease. Keep in mind that the active ingredients «Otrivine» is not compatible with medicinal substances in the treatment of this disease.
Doctors strictly prohibit the use of «Otrivine» in different tumors in the prostate region.
When severe and frequent bleeding from the nose, sensitivity to adrenergic components of the drug «Otrivin» should be buried under the supervision of a physician.
For self-use when such inflammation is not excluded symptoms such as sleep disturbance, severe dizziness which causes nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, change in blood pressure, arrhythmias of the heartbeat, various disruptions of the heart and the liver and kidneys.
Frequent manifestations of various skin inflammations, swellings, rashes, inflammation of the nasopharynx the use of «Otrivin» should be deleted. In the opposite case, the drug may cause anaphylactic reactions.
In the presence of at least one of inflammation, the patient must contact the attending physician. Don’t risk your health.
Closely monitor the patient’s condition when treating even the common cold.
The drug «Otrivin» has some serious side effects.
If you notice the following symptoms after you inject the medication immediately stop the treatment and consult to the doctor.
In such cases, the specialist cancels the drug and appoint counterparts.
Most often, patients in the treatment «Otrivine» complain about violations of the immune system:
- receive the hypersensitivity to the food and drug components;
- there is a violation of the nervous system;
- manifest violation of taste receptors;
- disturbed function of the sense of smell;
- there are pain in the head and ear after washing;
- dizziness, nausea and vomiting;
- involuntary trembling of the fingers;
- disturbed sleep and loss of appetite;
- there are various disorders of organs of vision;
- dry eyes;
- the change in intraocular pressure;
- expands the pupil and appear painful sensations in the eyes;
- in some cases there is a false sense of light flashes, spots, sparkles, sparks.
Infrequently noted various violations of the heart: heart palpitations, showed irregular changes of the pulse.
When using the spray «Otrivin» the possibility of overdose is quite low.
This is due to the slight absorption of the medication.
Overdose is a strong dizziness, nausea and vomiting, profuse sweating, decrease in body temperature.
Marked discomfort in the head and temples, disrupted the ability of the eye to change the focal length, changes in blood pressure and manifests respiratory failure.
In particularly complex cases, there are convulsions and coma.
At this time, it is important to conduct a symptomatic therapy under the supervision of a physician.
Keep in mind that before the introduction of the spray, «Otrivin» you must spend hygiene of the nasal passages.
This can be done using the «Otrivine» for nasal irrigation and use of saline solutions.
Don’t take «Otrivin» for a long time in the case of the treatment of chronic rhinitis.
Keep the medication in an invalid place. In case of ingress of medicament into the eye or eye area possible manifestations of undesirable consequences. Most often seen blurred vision and severe irritation of the eyeball. In some cases, noted the development of glaucoma and pain inside the eye.
In this case, the eyes must be washed with plenty of cold water. With fuzzy vision for a long time should consult a specialist.
Instructions for use of nose drops «Otrivin»
After the appointment of nose drops «Otrivin» for children or adults need to acquire the drug.
Before use, rinse the nasal passages and get rid of the mucous secretions. Only then permitted the introduction of the drug.
Dosage in each case individually and depends on the shape and nature of the disease. The standard scheme of treatment involves the introduction of one spray in each nostril three times a day.
Keep in mind that the break between the second and third reception should be no more than six hours.
Apply «Otrivin» more than three times banned!
In the packaging of the drug attached tip of the dispensing device. Do not spend with this drug no manipulation. Insert the probe in a vertical position. The first use of drugs, click for the activation of the drug three or four times.
Ensure that the dosage each time was uniform. If you violate the rules inject pump click on the device again.
The treatment must be conducted in accordance with the inflammation, but to use the spray more than one week is not advisable.
If the symptoms of inflammation were less than seven days, discontinue use of the medication.
Thus, you will avoid many of the side effects and save drug effect of the drug.
At long application of «Otrivin» may be a manifestation of swelling of the mucous membrane of the sinuses.
Important note: to use the drug for persons over the age of seventy years is not recommended.
In case of inflammation children you need to use the drops «Otrivin baby» for irrigation of the nasal cavity. They are designed for children from three months. Their composition is significantly different from conventional nasal spray and is designed especially for toddlers.
All manifestations of a cold or symptoms of infection must be treated under medical supervision. It is especially important to adhere to such rules when inflammation children. Therefore, do not self-medicate. This can result in chronic rhinitis and complications of the preexisting inflammation.
In acute respiratory inflammation «Otrivin» is assigned to quite often, but keep in mind that improper use of medication or dosing violation leads to the appearance of side effects. Doctors recommend to carefully read the user manual before using the spray and to monitor the shelf life of the drug.