Nose drops with Fenilafrinom: for children and during pregnancy
How to apply nose drops with Fenilafrinom?
Modern pharmacology in treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract offers a wide range of drugs produced in the form of nasal drops and sprays.
The active substance of some of these preparations is phenylephrine, which is able to work both independently and in combination with other components. Next, we will focus on drops in the nose with fenilafrinom, as well as their application in children and in pregnancy.
Characteristics of nasal drops with fenilafrinom
Let’s start with the fact that all nasal drops and sprays with vasoconstrictor effect can be divided into 4 groups, depending on which current component is at the core of it: phenylephrine, Xylometazoline, Oxymetazoline and naphazoline.
In this situation we are interested in the phenylephrine as the substance and drugs based on it.
Phenylephrine is a substance of organic origin, synthesized by artificial means. On view is a white or yellow crystalline powder, odorless.
This substance has an effective vasoconstrictor action. A distinctive feature of this element is a gentle effect on the mucous membranes.
The mechanism of action of these drops with the following: the substance acts on special receptors of the mucous membranes. Those, in turn, «command» vessels narrow.
As a result, the swelling subsides and normalizes nasal breathing. As soon as the exposure ends, the vessels again dilate, and the stuffy nose returned.
The most popular drops for the nose with fenilafrinom are the following medications:
- «Nazol Baby»;
- «Nazol Kids».
We should also tell about the drug «Polideksa» because it is comprehensive. In addition fenilafrina in its structure are two antibiotics (neomycin and polymycin) and hormonal substance (dexamethasone).
Indications for use
Assigned to such drug under any conditions, accompanied by congestion of the nasal cavity and absence of normal breathing new life.
To such pathological conditions include:
- Runny nose in the background of the common cold or flu (viral rhinitis).
- Allergic rhinitis.
- Sinusitis (sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, etmoidit).
In addition vasoconstrictor medications, including on the basis of fenilafrina are assigned and in otitis.
This is because they eliminate the swelling of the mucous membrane not only of the nose and Eustachian tube, thus normalizing the ventilation cavity of the ear and preventing further progression of the inflammatory process.
Important! These medicines only solves the symptoms of a cold for some time, but in no way have a therapeutic effect.
Therefore, to use these drugs better in combination with other medicines for speedy recovery.
But at this point, again, is the «Polideksa» with a combined structure that can not only eliminate the symptoms, but also effectively influence on the pathogenic flora, that is to remove the cause of the common cold.
Independently of this drug should be used because it is characterized by a rather large list of contraindications and side effects. To assign it needs a doctor.
Contraindications and side effects
In accordance with the instructions for use of drops and sprays with fenilafrinom contraindicated for use in medical purposes the following pathological conditions:
- hypersensitivity to this substance;
- abnormal heart rhythm;
- dry rhinitis;
- increased activity of the thyroid gland;
- vascular aneurysm;
Side effects of treatment with pharmaceuticals on the basis of such a component can be divided into several groups:
- Common – nausea, vomiting, migraine, dizziness, lethargy, poor sleep, pain in the heart region, tachycardia, bradycardia.
- Local – burning, stinging and dryness of the mucosa in the nose.
The uncontrolled use may experience irritability, motor restlessness, allergic reactions.
Important! When using vasoconstrictor drugs should strictly observe the dosage and duration of treatment specified in the annotation.
How to apply
Nasal drops and sprays with fenilafrinom belong to the group of vasoconstrictive drugs, characterized by a short action.
The effect from their application lasts from 4 to 6 hours. But this figure is very relative, as it depends on the nature of the occurrence of rhinitis and causes.
Important! Duration of use of drops should not exceed 5-7 days.
If you ignore this rule, you may develop drug-induced rhinitis. In other words, there is a dependence on farmcrest.
This is the case: the vessels used to prolonged exposure to drops and cease to function normally.
No medicinal substance the vessels are relaxed, causing the person suffers from a cold. To resolve such an inconvenience, it is necessary to increase the dosage.
Before burying of drops it follows to clear the nasal cavity from mucus and crusts. Single dose of these medicines for adults is 1-4 drops, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The number of drops in day can be up to 4 times, no more.
Phenylephrine during pregnancy, as well as its analogues are not recommended for use.
Any nasal drugs with vasoconstrictor effect in pregnancy represent a potential hazard.
The fact that such drugs can have an impact not only on the vessels of the nasal mucosa, but also the entire body.
Important! It is fraught with negative consequences for the health of the child, because there is a violation in nutrition through the placenta.
A pregnant woman with the choice of drugs should always consult with a physician.
Doctors in some cases allow the use of vasoconstrictive drops in pregnancy, but at the same time either choose children’s products with a minimum content of the active component, either reduce the number of applications and dosage means.
In any case, self-treatment is unacceptable, only after the appointment of the specialist.
Nose drops with fenilafrinom for children of preschool and younger is the best option to improve nasal breathing and eliminate the symptoms of rhinitis of any nature.
Even for children the first year of life, it is recommended complex therapy with the use of drugs with this substance.
Further schematically shows the principal drugs in this group for children with indication of the number of applications and dosages.
(in drops or doses in each nostril)
|The number of applications|
|from 2 to 12 months||1||3 times a day every 6 hours|
|from 12 months to 2 years||1-2|
|from 2 to 6 years||2|
|from 2 to 6 years||1-2||no more than 6 hours|
|from 6 to 12 years||2-3||no more than 4 hours|
|up to 1 year||1||3-4 times a day|
|from 1 year to 6 years||1-2|
|over 6 years||3-4|
For the child’s age, the duration of such treatment on average is 3 days, except for drug At all., the duration of which is 1 week, but no more.
Reviews about the drugs in this group quite a large number, mostly they relate to the funds for children.
This can be explained by maximum safety products fenilafrinom for the child’s body. Here’s some comments:
Marina: «When my little daughter appears cold, I always use «Nazol Baby». He is always in our medicine Cabinet as quickly relieves swelling and allows normal breathing. We carry virtually painless cold. Besides, it is safe for the child’s body».
Tamara: «Always use drops Vibrocil for the treatment of rhinitis my son. He got it at the time, pediatrician. Very pleasant, helps in the first day of use and after a few days completely rid of the runny nose.»
The use of any drug should start with a consultation with a specialist. This is especially true of vasoconstrictor drops. Though they are considered fairly harmless means, but can still cause unpleasant effects.
Treatment such means must be justified, in compliance with the dosage and duration of application.