Nose feels smells: what to treat and what to do?
What to do if the nose does not feel smells?
When the nose senses odors, how to treat it? Immediately consult a specialist or it’s nothing and that it will be on your own? Why did it happen? These and other questions arise in the mind, if a person loses one of these important senses.
Not to worry ahead of time. First we need to understand the principle of operation of this organ of respiration and the reasons for that could be to his refusal to operate on as usual.
The work of the organs of smell
Stable operation of the sense organ is simply necessary. The inability to recognize smells, a person may be at great risk even at the household level, for example in case of gas leak. Moreover, problems with smell can say of a brain tumor.
Anosmia (loss of smell) may be absolute or partial. In fact, the olfactory organ is a very complex structure, which, even at this point, he has not been fully investigated.
Over the recognition of aromas are special receptors to which the smallest molecules of odorants enter the nasal passages. The resulting information becomes an electric signal and supplied to the part of the brain, where it is the final conclusion, which we recognize as the «smell».
Violations of smell
If the nose has ceased to feel smells, the reason for this can be a huge amount. Due to the complex structure of its stable performance is directly depends on minor details, but loss of smell is called any violations of air infiltration in the nasal passage.
In addition, the sense of smell deteriorates with age, and hunger, and its severity depends on the time of day, e.g. at night, the brain practically does not recognize the smells. In individual situations, the inability to recognize the aroma is congenital disorders.
There are a few basic concepts that describe the loss of smell:
- partial (the ability to identify certain smells);
- specific (without the ability to define a specific smell);
- absolute hyposmia (reduced acuity of smell);
- hyposmia partial (reduced acuity of smell specific odors);
- the dysosmia (abnormal smell perception).
Causes of loss of smell
The most common cause of loss of smell, is blocking access microscopic particles of odor directly to the mucosa. This can happen for various reasons:
- The inflammatory processes.
- The curvature of the nasal septum.
- The physical trauma.
- Dip the olfactory hairs in secret.
Rhinitis – the main and the most frequent cause of impossibility of odour molecules to the mucosa. The body to fight germs secretes additional mucus, which is why there is swelling in the area where the receptors are located.
In addition, the loss of smell may remain after the common cold was cured. Often this is due to the prolonged use of special drops that should remove swelling, but in the end the abuse themselves provoke him.
In normal, the nose should regain the ability to perceive odors for 7 days. What to do if a week has passed and the smells never felt? As soon as possible to go to the doctor, because there is a high probability of the olfactory nerves.
In addition to rhinitis, the mucous membrane may also swell under:
- the sinusitis;
- nasal polyps.
Self-treatment you should not, because it can lead to irreversible negative consequences to health, until the complete loss of smell.
In cases where the nose breathing but doesn’t feel odors, often the problem lies in malfunctions or even damage the cells that perceive smell. The reason can be the following factors:
- viral infection type;
- poisoning with chemical substances;
- radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer;
- brain tumor;
- harmful chemical fumes.
There are times when the loss of the sense of smell is irreversible. This often occurs due to physical trauma to the skull and damaging the recognition of the center of smell. Most often, these injuries occur during an accident.
The absolute loss of smell can be and other cases:
- kallmann syndrome;
- congenital disease;
- surgery and therapy;
- the use of neurotoxic drugs.
How to return the sense of smell?
If for a long time, without apparent reason, no sense of smell, as soon as possible to address to the otolaryngologist (Laura). Only a qualified specialist will be able to maintain the stable operation of the authority.
Otolaryngologist with special techniques can determine the true cause of failure of the olfactory organ, after which will prescribe you a special treatment. The approach must be comprehensive: surgery, physiotherapy, special medication.
In addition, the specialist should develop a customized power system to restore the sense of smell. Especially useful to use products that contain vitamin a and zinc:
- vegetables orange and yellow colors;
- dairy products;
- sunflower seeds or pumpkin;
- the liver;
If the audiologist is unable to detect any violations that may directly or indirectly affect the loss of smell, you must see a neurologist. The problem may be the failure signal transmission to the cortex. Often the problem lies with the nerve damage, cancer, Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis.
The cause of the disorders in the organ of smell could be diabetes. If time does not start treatment, there is damage to the nerve cells that process information about the incoming smells.
If you suspect diabetes, you need to go to an endocrinologist that will deliver the appropriate diagnosis and prescribe appropriate procedures. Now knowing what the nose can’t smell, can be time to begin treatment and avoid more serious complications.