Perihodit the ear — treatment and symptoms photo
How to identify and cure perihodit the ear?
Inflammatory process that affects the perichondrium and the skin around it, called perichondrium. It’s pretty dangerous inflammation, as it is immediately distributed for the next the organs and causes chondrophora the ear.
So if you have been diagnosed with pericentric ear, carefully read this material.
About the disease
It is first important to understand that perichondrium is a common name for various virus diseases, which struck the perichondrium. Commonly, in the first place, inflammation of the cartilage of the ear suffers from the external ear.
The outer ear consists of many elements.
One of them — cartilaginous tissue, covered with perichondrium.
It provides nutrition, growth and repair of cartilage in the case of broken ears and other injury.
Due to the penetration of a virus or other trace elements that could harm human health, this area of the ear becomes inflamed.
This disease occurs when micro-cracks, scratches, puncture the ear lobe, and also because of cases of frostbite. Therefore, the appearance of this disease is so unpredictable and to predict it it is impossible.
In addition, the disease of the ear in humans causes edema and visible swelling. In some cases, the ear is red and when touched the person is experiencing severe pain.
Due to the fact that the inflammation always unexpected, people may not pay attention to accompanying symptoms. Therefore, pericentric outer ear is spread over a vast part of the ear, which interferes with the structure of the cartilaginous tissue and there is a mutation of the ear.
Therefore, it is important to start treatment of inflammation of the ear in a timely manner, as in advanced situations will require surgical intervention. In addition, a person may suffer reduced hearing acuity.
It is important to understand that the disease is considered infectious. Therefore, inflammation is always provoked due to the decline of the immune system and as a result of penetration of pathogenic organisms into the perichondrium.
Please note the photo of perichondritis of the ear:
There are two types of perichondritis:
The disease is subject to immediate treatment, the inflammation is considered particularly dangerous. So, when purulent perichondritis people can not only lose hearing, but to provoke the deformation of the ear.
In order to protect yourself from such unpleasant diseases follow the condition. Direct special attention to such factors in the emergence of perichondritis as:
- Scratching, scratching and abrasion of the outer part of the ear.
- Ear piercing.
- The effect of different temperatures, including hypothermia or burns.
- Insect bites.
- The disease caused by a cold or flu. Including otitis external or middle ear.
- The reduced immune system of the body due to trauma or the use of antibiotics for a long time.
In any case, many ear diseases were caused by a weakened immune system. Therefore, the risk of disease perichondritis is increased in patients with diabetes and tuberculosis.
Symptoms of the disease
Remember that this inflammation appears immediately. Always analyze the signals of the body and the appearance of the following symptoms inflammation of the ear, consult a doctor.
- Pain in the ears, which can be periodic, so permanent.
- Swelling of the ear, the feeling of redness.
- The increased body temperature.
- Seal and the bumps on the earlobe.
- When you touch the tragus, the person experiences unpleasant and painful sensations.
- Shooting pains.
- Visible deformity of the outer ear.
- Pus and mucus.
In addition, the appearance of the disease is accompanied by lack of appetite, weight loss, loss of sleep and severe fatigue. In addition, the patient feels General irritability and despondency that cause depression and stress.
If any of these symptoms, contact the doctor-the otolaryngologist. It would hold not only visual examination, but special examinations.
In addition, the examination included medical history. Particular attention is paid to the presence of certain factors which may occur with this disease.
Following the inspection it is important to diagnose involved whether the earlobe in the process of inflammation.
As of perichondrium in the structure of the ear lobe and the person experiences pain when touched — this may indicate a different disease.
If at the time of survey the patient has deformed auricle, and the tissue was lumpy and unnatural hue – a sure sign of a purulent inflammation.
Another method of inspection will be palpation. Touching the ear gives a clear idea about pain and their intensity. Thus, the physician can determine the stage of disease.
The results can help in the diagnosis of disease and rapid treatment.
Perihodit the ear — treatment
Depending on the type of disease and the results obtained, the specialist prescribes treatment. It should be comprehensive, using various procedures.However, there are General rules recommendations.
So, when perichondritis of the Pinna requires the use of vitamins and supplements, and a person must apply at least two liters of water a day.
In addition, the patient should stay in bed.
In the case of serous perichondritis patient is assigned only the medication. To eliminate the purulent forms needed surgery and antibiotic therapy.
For conservative treatment in case of serous illness, it is sufficient to apply the following drugs.
- antibiotics containing cephalosporin, sulfadimezin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, amikacin, erythromycin, ampicillin – «Levofloxacin», «Azithromycin», «Erythromycin»;
- antiseptic ointment «Flucinar», «Lorinden»;
- various alcohol compresses;
- in the presence of severe pain is necessary anti-inflammatory agents «Ibuprofen» or «Diclofenac».
For rehabilitation patient suggest the passage of physiotherapy, which include the treatment of electric field and ultraviolet irradiation.
If the inflammation of the serous moved to purulent perichondrium, the patient is assigned a surgical intervention. To do this, before operation it is necessary to drink a course of antibiotics.
In the formation of fluctuations and the significant destruction of the structure of the ear, as well as the development of purulent process and tissue necrosis surgical intervention should be held as soon as possible.
In the first place during the operation, eliminated purulent discharge.
The area containing pus, is exposed to a broad cross-section.
After removal of pus, cleaned or replaced the affected tissue and restores the natural shape of the organ of hearing.
Then after surgery the patient should undergo a rubber drainage and continuous lavage of the cavity with antibiotics and different solutions.
This procedure is repeated several times a day until the period until the affected area will not stop the various selections.
In addition, the patient should change the bandages and tampons for three to four times a day. Ensure that the bandage was tight. It is necessary for the rapid restoration of tissues.
In order to protect yourself from various ear infections need to be prevented and to observe the rules of hygiene. Remember that for any ear infections and even minor damage of tissue of the organ of hearing the need for timely treatment.
In addition, don’t place the disease, such as eczema or boils unattended. They can provoke more serious inflammation that can lead to serious consequences.
Time to strengthen the body’s immune system.