Pneumatization sinuses saved: what is it and what does it mean
Which means the sinuses pneumatization?
What is it – paranasal sinuses pneumatization whether this state is dangerous to life and health of the patient? To answer the question, rationally determine the structure and laws of functioning of axillary cavities, what conditions are necessary for their natural health?
The structure of the nasal cavities
Axillary cavity is presented in the form of the frontal, maxillary, ethmoid and sphenoid blank spaces. Each sinus is covered with the inner sheath, the epithelial layer which produces liquid for humidifying the air.
The sinuses communicate with the nasal cavity through special channels ensuring a continuous update of the oxygen mass. The location of the axillary cavities of the facial part of the skull.
The purpose of the pneumatic cavities of the nose consists of the following operations:
- filtration and humidification of inhaled air;
- the determination of odor;
- setting tone of voice.
Against the background of failure of pneumatization developing the inflammation that causes obstruction of nasal breathing, loss of sensitivity to smells, the emergence of pain.
What is the definition of «pneumatization»?
Under the terminology «pneumatization» means the presence in the bones, air cavities, and in relation to colonosopy sinus – filling volume of maxillary air voids. Optimal pneumatization is a prerequisite for the normal functioning of the sinuses.
Taking into account individual characteristics, forms, and parameters of the sinuses permissible content of air masses is determined individually for each case. One of the criteria for assessing the fullness of the sinuses is the age of the patient.
For reference! Have two-year-old child can only detect the maxillary sinus, the other three types are formed by age 12.
To identify the degree of pneumatisation, precise localization of the inflammation of the possible x-ray method of research.
Indications for the examination are patient complaints to unpleasant sensations in the region of the sinuses, abundant mucus, cramps in the abdomen area, retching. When bacterial infection is added to the symptoms are increased body temperature, the formation of purulent exudate.
At the first signs of malfunction of upper body, you must seek professional medical help. The diagnosis of «sinus pneumatization not broken» means that the pneumatic cavity perform the work in a natural environment.
The reason for concern is the recognition of the following deviations:
- reduced pneumatization. Inflammatory process develops due to thinning of the lower walls of the maxillary sinuses under the influence of viral and bacterial microflora, or powerful antigens. Reduction of free space occurs on the background of infectious diseases of the teeth, anatomical variations of the sinuses,the development of tumors;
- high pneumatization. The increase in fullness of the sinuses by air indicates disruption of the endocrine system. The factors in the development of pathological changes include an excessive increase in the limbs and trunk (gigantism), modification of the facial bones of the skull (acromegaly).
If the sinuses pneumatization, there is a risk of developing diseases of the nasal mucosa:
Inflammation in the pneumatic cavities without therapeutic measures apply to healthy adventitious organs of hearing and sight, as a result, the development of otitis, meningitis, abscess of the orbit, bronchitis.
For reference! Therapy increased or reduced pneumatization comes down to conservative methods of treatment. If the patient’s condition has not stabilized, the doctor is forced to resort to surgery.
What is pneumatization sinuses saved? This is a sign that you can correctly identify the pathological process. This factor should be considered in conjunction with the history of the patient’s total clinical picture.
Based on the results of rhinoscopy and examination of the doctor is the therapeutic scheme. Increase or decrease the concentration of air in the sinuses is the result or signs of a pathologic process.