Policyunit: what is it, symptoms and treatment
How to recognize and cure policyunit?
To date, policynet – a fairly common pathology, covering the paranasal sinuses. The phenomenon causes severe inflammation that affects the mucous membranes of the body. Pathology has several types and forms of occurrence. Symptoms of varieties of polysinusitis quite similar. Self-diagnosis and start appropriate treatment is unlikely to succeed.
Treatment in the early stages of the development of fast, is to eliminate the local symptoms, relieve inflammation. In more severe degrees of the disease may require surgical intervention. Regardless of the form and kind of disease should not embark on the course. It should be immediately treated, otherwise there is a risk of meningitis, sinusitis, diseases of the organs of hearing.
Policyunit: what is it and how does it occur?
Understanding of pathology to create just. The nose is a certain link in the human respiratory system. Nasal cavity – a unique system of passages through which the inhaled air is warmed in parallel is cleaned of impurities that fall in the fence.
Nasal passages (anastomosis) is very narrow, are connected with the paranasal sinuses located in the bones of the skull. The path from the nose to the paranasal sinuses «lined» the mucous membrane, constantly secreting a secret. In a healthy person after the intake air passes freely through these mazes.
When the nose gets infection takes place swelling of the mucous membranes, which causes narrowing and restriction of the channels. Anastomosis as if clogged. Some section in the sinuses becomes isolated that disrupts the normal processes of life, contributing to the development of sinusitis. As soon as the inflammation begins to cover two or more of the sinuses, sinusitis takes the following form — policenet.
The main reasons causing inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, are:
- viruses, infections, bacteria, pathogens of measles, influenza, colds, SARS;
- running cold;
- pathology of ENT-organs, upper respiratory tract;
- narrow nasal passages;
- a deviated nasal passages after injury, surgery;
- the increase in the turbinates of the nose.
Delayed treatment of many diseases provokes the development of these pathologies, which gradually take more dangerous forms.
Symptoms of polysinusitis quite similar to the usual minor signs of inflammation occurring in the nasal channels or paranasal sinuses. However, the pain is pronounced:
- Gradually increasing nasal congestion ends in complete obstruction of the channels. A similar phenomenon is observed more often with one hand.
- On the face do not stop the pain emanating from somewhere in the depths. The pain gives to the whiskey, head to the back of his head.
- Runny nose gradually becomes purulent. In the mucus can cause specks of blood.
- Closer to the evening the temperature of the body is critical (39°C), begins a dry cough.
- Odor perception becomes impossible.
- Lost voice becomes hoarse, nasal.
Symptoms compliment all the signs of intoxication occurring in the body from the processes of vital activity of pathogenic microflora, nausea, pale skin, dizziness, vomiting.
Treatment of varieties of polysinusitis
There are two forms of occurrence of pathology:
Diagnosis of polysinusitis is held on an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses. Chronic polysinusitis specified computer tomography, which allows to consider foreign bodies, neoplasms. Performs endoscopy of the nasal cavity. Studies allow to determine the form and type of pathology, respectively, according to this specialist decides whether to prescribe treatment.
The acute form
Bacterial infection in the nasopharynx, provokes acute policyunit.
Pathology of the hard tolerated, the treatment is performed in a hospital.
Having identified the nature of microorganisms, the doctor will prescribe individual course of treatment.
The goals of antibiotic therapy are assigned to the injection drug Ceftriaxone. The inflammation is removed antihistamines glucocorticosteroid means.
Nose dripping vasoconstrictors, additionally carry out the rinsing the nasal passages with the use of Furatsilina, saline, hydrogen peroxide, drugs made on the basis of sea water. Additionally prescribe Aflubin, Euphorbium.
The activated form of disease, often becomes purulent. In this case, from the nose there is mucus, it is stagnation, we need more radical methods of treatment. In the hospital perform an autopsy, perforation of purulent accumulations, pumping the substance, washed sinuses, prescribe an appropriate course of drug therapy.
The chronic form
Most often chronic form of polysinusitis occurs due to improper treatment of the acute form, when patients are taken to treat the pathology in the home, ignoring medical advice. These patients almost always stuffy nose is runny, sometimes a headache, felt weak.
The chronic form of disease often occurs hardly noticeable, with mild symptoms.
If it is diagnosed at early stages fails, it often leads to meningitis, otitis media.
Used in the treatment of vasoconstrictor drugs, long-acting antibiotics such as Azithromycin.
There is a lavage of the nasal cavity, which may be warming, other physical therapy.
Viral pathology covering the nasal mucosa, causing catarrhal policyunit. When this occurs swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal passages and paranasal sinuses. There are clear discharge. Treatment performed in a hospital, administered vasoconstrictor, antiviral. Additionally, the patient may be prescribed a means of stimulating the immune system, multivitamins.
Dangerous complication of catarrhal type is an acute purulent polysinusitis. In this case, the nasal discharge is absent. When nasal passages overlap in the sinuses is the stagnation of pus, the exudate is transferred to the neighbouring tissues. To cure the disease, it is necessary to conduct surgery and flush the sinuses.
No less dangerous is policyunit polypoid pathology, caused by overgrowth of the mucosa, forming on the surface of polyps, tumors of different sizes.
Overgrowth leads to complete blocking of the channels, so you need surgical removal of the polyps.
Further treatment is carried out in accordance with the present symptoms.
- mucolytics of plant origin.
For hyperplastic polysinusitis characterized by a gradual thickening of the walls of the mucosa. This leads to a narrowing of the channels that makes breathing through the nose impossible. In this case, prescribed antibiotics, vasoconstrictor, mucolytics. Periodically washing the nasal cavities, channels, physiotherapy.
To prevent development of such serious pathologies as policynet, you must not start the treatment of cold, infectious, viral disease. In a timely manner to address the common cold. At the slightest suspicion on illness, if you experience any pain that is felt on the face in the region of the sinuses, immediately contact the hospital.