Polypous sinusitis treatment and symptoms, chronic and cystic-polypous
How to treat polypoid sinusitis nose?
Today modern medicine is in search of the most effective method of treatment of sinusitis and other types of this disease. Every year, the number of patients is increasing. According to statistics, among the total world population and 15% suffer from acute or chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Sinusitis is one of the most common diseases.
For special cleaning of the air entering into human body, there are special compartments — the maxillary sinus. The air that enters the nose is cleaned, warmed and enters the lungs. If there is a catarrhal disease, these departments are filled with slimy masses, where it is very quickly propagated pathogenic flora. Time has not begun treatment or are using wrong methods, leads to the development of sinusitis.
Description polosnogo sinusitis
Polypoid sinusitis occurs as a complication of untreated cold. The insidious this disease is that it is hard to diagnose and treat.
The maxillary sinuses are connected to nasal passages via a fistula. Normal getting a small amount of mucus in the nasal area to clean from allergic agents and dust.
Under the pathological polyp involve modification of the nasal mucosa or paranasal sinuses. The localization of polyp in the nose, the technician will quickly reveal. The difficulty arises in the formation of polyps in the sinuses. Indeed, in this case no one can see them using rhinoscopy.
Polyps may occur in the form of complications after a slow inflammatory process in the nose. Inflammation leads to changes in the cellular composition of epithelial tissue, in which they change and mutate.
Important! Modification of cells may occur when the penetration into the body of flu viruses.
The appearance of this disease it is impossible to predict, but the origin until today, scientists have not been established.
There are some factors that increase the probability of formation of tumors, namely:
- the anatomy of the nose and the position of the partition (the curvature of the septum, narrowness of the passages);
- hereditary predisposition to this disease;
- of allergic reactions to the use of a particular drug therapy;
- disease who have allergic nature background: allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, etc.;
- malfunctions of the nervous system accompanied by mental disorders;
- the presence of inflammatory or infectious process in the nose;
- penetration into the nasal passages of foreign body;
- enlarged adenoids;
- trauma and bruising of the nose and nearby area.
Get rid of the polyps is possible only when the elimination of main pathogenic factor by conservative methods or by surgery.
The symptoms of sinusitis polosnogo
The presence of symptoms polosnogo sinusitis requires timely therapy under the supervision of a specialist. Cystic-polypous sinusitis has a characteristic symptomatology. Occurs when the tumor is sizeable and can be seen.
- The lack of or difficulty with normal breathing.
- Stuffiness in one or both nostrils.
- The presence of mouth breathing.
- The use of drops with vasoconstrictor effect does not bring improvement.
- The presence of precipitates mixed with pus from the nose periodically.
- The deterioration of the sense of smell.
- One feels the presence of nose foreign body.
- Is frequent sneezing.
- Headaches and an unpleasant heaviness in the nose area and forehead.
- In the acute form of the disease the body temperature rises, fatigue, irritability, poisoning of the body.
If there is a chronic polypoid sinusitis, then there are eye diseases — conjunctivitis, keratitis. The peak of the exacerbation, usually occurs in autumn and winter. If the disease is severe, the relapse can happen often throughout the year.
Finding polypose-cystic masses in the nose leads to the fact that fluid drainage and worsening gas exchange. This condition is very dangerous because it can lead to chronic inflammation. There may be destruction of the bone walls and the ingress of pus in other areas of the face that affect their health.
The types polosnogo sinusitis
Polyps — occur when the overgrowth of the mucosa, which causes inflammation or allergies. This phenomenon doctors refer to benign pathology. It is also possible pathology when a benign tumor goes into cancer.
The following types of polyps:
- Inflammatory form, occur in the presence of a prolonged inflammatory process. The structure consists of inflammatory edema.
- Hyperplastic — occurs in the case when the healthy tissue of the nasal sinus begins to grow.
- Neoplastic — the greatest danger for a person, in which abnormal tissue degenerative changes.
Depending on the location of education are divided into:
- ethmoidalis — growing in the region of the maze;
- antrochoanal — sprout from the sinuses in the nasal passage.
If you look closely at a polyp, you can see that it is attached to the mucosa by a foot or its Foundation. If there is nasal polyps — sinusitis is not long to wait.
Treatment polosnogo sinusitis
Polosnogo to get rid of sinusitis, you can use:
- conservative treatment;
- in folk medicine.
Very often, the formation of nasal polyps seen in children. In this case, the polyp is overgrown by the tissue of the tonsils.
If we take into account the fact that the polyps are benign tumors, their growth is not responsible or pathological effects on the human body.
You need to be wary when assigned to the wrong treatment, or even absent. This can lead to the transition of education from benign to malignant.
Important! Only together with the attending physician it is necessary to determine whether therapeutic treatment, or need to resort to surgery.
Conservative therapy for getting rid of polyps
Initially, you must eliminate those factors which caused the emergence of polyps.
Medical therapy involves antibiotics, steroids, antihistamines, and so on.
In some cases, a very effective sprays that due to the hormones that are part of the reduce adenoidal tissue.
These drugs allow for some time to postpone surgery. The spray can be used constantly, because they are safe for health and do not cause habituation of the organism.
When irrigation of the cavity of the medicine is usually not absorbed in the mucosa, so overdose is missing. Sometimes, to reduce polyp in his body administered substance that contributes to its reduction. This procedure is performed in hospital by a doctor otolaryngologist.
With the rapid formation of polyps and the ineffectiveness of drug therapy, physicians recommend surgical intervention.
Previously, when the appearance of a polyp in the nose, he tried immediately to remove. Then the polyps recovered quickly and formed more.
To date, physicians do not hurry with the operation. Initially used therapeutic methods.
If they do not bring relief it is to resort to removal by surgery. To remove polyps is recommended when they are already grown and prevent normal breathing.
Methods of folk medicine for the treatment of nasal polyps
Important! The doctors categorically against self-medication. If the patient still wants to apply the treatment using traditional methods, initially it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Very often to fight the polyps use the juice of celandine, chamomile. Traditional methods do not provide effective, so doctors recommend them in combination with drug therapy.
Polypoid sinusitis is an unpleasant and serious disease that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. What would have been a disease, it is easier to cure in the early stages than in advanced stage.
As prevention it is necessary to annually visit doctor otolaryngologist. Also if you experience unpleasant symptoms in the nose, you need to immediately consult a doctor. Be healthy!