Polyps in the bladder in women: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
The bladder polyp is an abnormal tissue growth and if you look at it, it looks like a growth on the mucous. Attached to the mucosa could directly or dropped using the web. Mostly they are benign tumors, but still, there is a risk of becoming cancer.
Education of this kind can also appear in any organ in the human body from the inside, is lined with mucous membrane. Why they are formed in the bladder? What methods of diagnostics are there? Treatment was required?
Causes and types of polyps
Causes leading to the occurrence of these tumors in the bladder in women is heredity of the disease combined with inflammation, which treatment is not performed for a long time. Under the hereditary factor should be understood as a rule of thumb, if close relatives was discovered polyps, all other native people also fall under the risk.
Bladder inflammation in women for a long time (cystitis in the chronic form) can also trigger their formation. In periods of remission pathology ceases and the mucous membrane of the bladder grows, but because of the defeat of mucosal inflammation, the recovery is only a small part. When on this site mucosa has grown enough, it bulges into the lumen of the bladder is the polyp. They can a lot or only a few. The diameter can range from a couple mm to several centimeters. Most of the tumors are round and are mounted on a thin stalk.
Bladder polyps can develop into cancer if not taken appropriate measures therapy, but this happens much less frequently than in a situation with such tumors in the gastrointestinal tract or gallbladder. It is for this reason not always shown their removal in the urinary bladder (diameter of a few millimeters), just need to monitor whether they are growing and how rapidly will this increase.
Symptoms of the disease
About the presence of polyps, both women and men, they can not guess, because the disease does not manifest itself. Upon reaching an impressive size, it begins to break down, resulting in the appearance of blood in the urine. Moreover, the presence of blood can be detected only in the laboratory, when discharge quite a bit. If bleeding a lot, the urine may be colored red or pinkish hue.
If you have a large polyp of the ureter near or channel for the discharge of urine, can close the gap, with the result that people will feel unbearable pain and the inability to urinate when urge. Such symptoms can signal the presence of a bladder polyp attached to the mucosa on a long stalk.
Complications of the disease: the withering away of healthy tissue, the appearance of bleeding, recurrent inflammation, occurring in the bladder.
If there is suspicion of the presence of polyps in the bladder in women assigned to the ultrasound.
If necessary to clarify the nature of education, can also be assigned zitostaticescoe examination (endoscopy of the bladder). To do this, the bladder is entered the camera, giving the opportunity to see the on the inside displaying the image on the monitor. The doctor can determine the changes on the inner surface of the body, including the presence of tumors, their shape and size. To determine the nature of education in conducting research zitostaticescoe piece of tissue is taken.
Can also be assigned x-ray examination of the organ, which in its cavity pre-injected contrast. After filling in the cavity on contrast, stand out clearly education on his wall.
It is also necessary to take urine for analysis, allowing to detect the blood and the inflammatory process, as well as biopsy material, in order to eliminate degeneration of a neoplasm into a malignant form.
What treatment is effective?
If one or more polyps of small size, some special treatment is not granted.
In cases where the polyp creates obstacles to the normal outflow of urine, you experience bleeding and severe pain, treatment is only surgical intervention directed at removal of the tumor. Today this operation is carried out endoscopically. The doctor inspects the cavity of the bladder and polyp. After that, the bladder is entered the loop diathermocoagulator, which is heated to a high temperature. Loop jumped on the polyp, cutting off his leg. However, is coagulation of blood vessels in the leg.
Treatment of folk remedies
When polyps on the outer side of the urethra effective means is the applying of gauze with the juice of celandine. Celandine has long been known for its powerful anticancer properties.
You can prepare an infusion of celandine a tip in the ratio of 1:5 to 10 drops 2 times a day. The treatment may also occur by douching infusion before bed or lotions do also at night.