Polyps in the maxillary sinuses — treatment and symptoms

How to diagnose and treat polyps in the maxillary sinuses?

The purpose of the maxillary sinus is to purify the air which is inhaled. Respiratory diseases can trigger in them the process of formation of the mucous masses, which subsequently will begin rapid reproduction of various pathogens.

With improper treatment or the absence of such mucus can cause the growth of nasal polyps in a patient, and as a consequence develops polypoid sinusitis. Then we will talk about this phenomenon as a polyp in the maxillary sinus, the treatment, symptoms and diagnosis of this pathology.

What are polyps

Polyps – benign growths that develop from the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity. Represent insensitive or morbid growths pinkish or greyish-red. They grow in the form of whole grapes or in pairs, while hanging down from the mucous walls in the nose. As usual, they are formed in the uppermost part of the nose.

The danger of pathology lies in the fact that education are of such dimensions that they can completely block the nose passages, therefore, the main characteristic that indicates the origin and development of such a process of breathing through the mouth.

Polypoid sinusitis has a productive character, i.e., the process of development of inflammation of the mucosa in the nasal cavity is accompanied by a change in its structural qualities.

The reasons for the formation of polyps

Obvious reasons for the emergence of such entities to date have not been identified.

Medical statistics indicates that quite often an abnormal growth of tissue in the mucous membranes of the nose occurs under the complex influence of various factors.

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The main reasons for developing this pathology are:

  • allergic diseases;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • inflammation in the sinuses;
  • anomalies in the structure of the nose;
  • the presence of concomitant chronic somatic pathologies.

If you take into consideration a research work, it can be concluded that the formation of tumors is a multifactorial and recurrent disease, which is triggered by the factor of allergic origin and an autoimmune reaction.

Help. Abnormal division of cells in the nasal mucosa can trigger the flu viruses, which have a mutagenic effect on cellular level.

Polyp in the maxillary sinus: symptoms

The process of formation of growths in the nose is characterized by certain features which help the patient to identify changes in their body and time to visit a specialist.

The symptoms of this disease include:

  1. Shortness of breath nose or lack thereof.
  2. Headache without the ability to determine its localization.
  3. The lack of therapeutic effect in the use of vasoconstrictor and anti-edema drugs.
  4. Reduction or loss of smell.
  5. The feeling of being in the nose foreign bodies.
  6. Profusion of purulent discharge from the nose.
  7. General intoxication (fatigue, insomnia or drowsiness, irritability).

If the disease has become chronic, the patient often can be observed the development of eye diseases (keratitis or conjunctivitis).

Also, quite often from several minutes to several complaints of severe cough attacks which occur mostly at night. To treat cough in such a situation is incredibly difficult, as all of the medicine is powerless.

Types of polyps

Polyps of the maxillary sinus can be formed of the following types:

  • the growths reaching the ethmoidal
  • education, filling the entire cavity of the nasopharynx and involving the sinuses;
  • growths of large size are visible to the naked eye.
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The last of these types of entities have received the name trochilinae polyps. They are the cause of the most serious and dangerous form of the disease.

Features of the treatment of disease

Treatment of the disease is connected with some difficulties.

It should be noted that polypoid sinusitis does not accept the conservative method of therapy.

Primarily the treatment is performed in the Department surgical clinic.

Help. Only a very small polyps, the presence of which is very difficult to determine, are subject to steroid treatment.

Removal of polyps in the maxillary sinuses begins with therapy aimed at destruction of pathogenic microflora. Due to the fact that a closed sinus – this is perfect for development of bacteria, the doctor before the surgery prescribes systemic antibiotics.

Usually these are antibacterial drugs:

  1. «Augmentin».
  2. «Azithromycin».
  3. «Ceftriaxone».

Quite often there is a repeat occurrence of this disease even after successful surgical intervention. In this case hormonal treatment may reduce the risk of recurrence. In some cases, local hormones can affect small growths, thereby slowing their growth and sometimes reducing them in size.

Until recently, such growths were removed using a specially designed loop, however, the disadvantages of such an operation was too much. Procedure in surgical causes severe pain, bleeding, besides, education has not departed completely, and present a high risk of repetition of the disease.

Today in medicine there is a new method – endoscopic removal of polyps with Electromechanical instruments (microdebrider or shavers). This method of surgical intervention more safe and reliable, as it is the control over all actions of the surgeon.

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Sporadic growths of small size are also easily removed with the help of a medical laser beam, under which the polyps just evaporate, leaving behind the empty shell.

After the operation the patient is also appointed glucocorticosteroid preparations for the nose, and the treatment can last several months. This is necessary in order to minimize the risk of recurrence of polyps.

Our body is a very complex system and the disease of one organ may boomerang unpleasant and painful consequences in a totally unexpected place. It would seem that the usually cold and we waved a hand at him, they say, plenty of time to cure, right now. But what a mistake.

Delaying the treatment can cause the formation of nasal polyps, which can get extremely difficult, and in 50% of cases pathology is becoming recurrent in nature. Agree, much easier to allocate some time to worry about your health, in a timely manner.