Productive cough and non-productive cough: what is it and how to treat

How to treat productive and non-productive cough?

Cough is the first symptom of many colds, viral, infectious or noncommunicable diseases. His treatment begins with the establishment of the causes and detailed diagnostics in the study of a specialized therapist. During the inspection specialist to find out why disturbed functions of the mucous membrane of the respiratory system and how the body responds to certain types of stimuli.

It is clear that a reflex process in the airway causes a lot of inconvenience to the patient. But before the emergence of the question of how to treat non-productive cough, it is important to understand what type of inflammation is you: productive and wet or, conversely, dry and unproductive? Write the main symptoms of each form of ailment, and show you what medications you can use in this article.

Types of cough

A reflex process in the throat is formed against irritation of the mucous membrane of various malicious elements. These include dust particles or dirt, allergens, viruses, infections, fungi or bacteria.

How to cure the allergic process written here.

When the diagnosis of inflammation it is important to establish the type of cough. It is of two types:

  • moist and productive;
  • dry and unproductive.

Let us more, what is productive cough and the main symptoms in the dry and exhausting cough.


Cough, which is also called productive form, accompanied by the excretion of mucus from the bronchi or lungs. It is believed that this inflammation cure much easier, as it helps combat viral inflammation.

In addition, with the help of sputum, eliminated dust and mud, which the patient inhales throughout the day. Deleting unwanted objects with the help of the cilia of the epithelium.

The reason for the formation of wet cough lies in the following diseases:

  • acute respiratory inflammation;
  • SARS;
  • acute sinusitis;
  • inflammation of the lungs;
  • tuberculosis;
  • inflammation of the bronchial mucosa;
  • chronic inflammation in the lungs;
  • congenital anatomical features in the respiratory system;
  • heartburn;
  • a sharp change of the ambient temperature;
  • a cold or the flu;
  • addiction.

Wet cough may be intermittent or constant. Depending on the nature of the formations depends on the severity of symptoms. In the course of inflammation and its treatment, the patient needs to follow the secretions. If they are transparent or white hue, the treatment is correct. But as soon as the phlegm will gain a yellow, green or black color, should be re-consultation. Probably in the respiratory system is more dangerous inflammatory process.

Important! In the treatment of cough do not try to suppress the process. Otherwise there is a risk of recurrence of disease and complications in the treatment of the disease.

Yellow discharge indicates an elevated level of eosinophils, which is typical for inflammation of bronchial asthma. Mucus brown tells about the pneumonia. If the sputum has acquired a black color, in the patient’s body is inflammation of pneumoconiosis. In a period of increasing respiratory inflammation, phlegm, usually white or slightly yellow tint.

In particularly dangerous cases, discharge may be blood clots. Hemoptysis may be accompanied by inflammation, tuberculosis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary disease, or other equally dangerous forms of the disease.


While a high nakivali and arduous process, patients are diagnosed with dry form of inflammation. Before you start to take medication, find out what non-productive cough.

Dry cough is characterized by inflammation, at which there is excretion of mucus from the bronchi. Due to the lack of sputum, the mucous membrane, as it is exposed to daily irritation.

To cure unproductive inflammation is much more complicated. In addition, this process signals a dangerous inflammation in the respiratory system. It manifests itself in the development of the following diseases:

  • otitis external ear;
  • dry pleurisy;
  • asthma;
  • runny nose;
  • laryngitis;
  • sinusitis;
  • pericarditis;
  • acute respiratory ailments;
  • the consequence of prolonged inflammation in the nasal cavity;
  • allergic reaction;
  • when narrowing of the Airways due to spasm improper treatment of the flu or common cold;
  • in the presence of foreign objects in the breathing system.

Dry or unproductive cough may last up to several months, therefore, it is crucial to begin treatment. If the cough is not treated, it may go into a chronic phase and cause bronchial asthma, neurosis, heart failure.

Interesting! Dry cough often occurs as an allergic reaction to a specific medication. A side effect can be eliminated only in case medications.

Dry and a reflex cough is often formed as a result of contact with Pets or other allergens. Allergic cough can be treated only after the removal of the stimulus of the life of the patient.

Standard therapies

To cure cough need professional help, as many drugs fall by prescription only. In addition, self-treatment may cause the development of disease and more serious education processes.

To resolve signs of productive inflammation, the patient is assigned expectorant drugs. They facilitate the excretion of phlegm and restore the function of ciliated epithelium. In addition, such medications liquefy thick mucus that eases the coughing.

In the course of the complex treatment often includes methods of alternative medicine. How to cure a cough with folk recipes can be found here.

Keep in mind that in the treatment of productive cough the patient should not apply for the suppression of the cough reflex. Medicines of this group are assigned only during prolonged dry cough.

To thin out the mucus, the patient should drink plenty of clean water and follow all the rules of therapy.

Remember! If the cause of cough lies in viral lesions of the respiratory system contraindicated with antibacterial drugs. They adversely affect the mucous membrane and General condition of the patient. To eliminate the viral infection it is possible only with the help of antiviral drugs.

Treatment unproductive process

To cure dry and unproductive process to the patient prescribe drugs that suppress the cough reflex. For this patient the necessary drugs, which include codeine. The active substance reduces the excitability of cough and reduces the signs of inflammation.

In addition, in the course of treatment included drugs that exert influence anastasiathe. Such medicines reduce the sensitivity of the mucous membrane. As a result, the patient experiences a reduction in coughing and improvement of health.

To resolve the inflammation completely, the patient should be used decoctions of herbs, to drink milk with butter or honey and tea with jam from viburnum.

In addition to the described method, to cure non-productive cough can be translated it in the wet. In this case, the question arises how to make the cough productive? This can be done using combination drugs — «Remens», «Pour», «Codelac», «Bronchium», «bad fever».

Dry unproductive cough in children can be translated in the wet with these drugs – «Mucosolvan», «Ambrobene», «Travis».

After the removal of mucus, mucolytics are prescribed to the patient and means that are able to thin out the mucus.

How to treat a productive cough

The most effective drugs for the treatment of wet process recognized as expectorant medicines. They allow you to remove phlegm from the lungs or bronchial tubes, and restore function of the respiratory tract.

Depending on the shape and nature of the inflammation, doctors prescribe the following medicines–, «ACC», «Fluimucil», «Bromhexine», «Bronchosan», «Libeksin Muko», «FLOUKOR», «Fluditec».

In addition, in the course of treatment consists of decoctions of medicinal herbs. The best herbs for the treatment of children described in this article.

On the road to recovery, you can use steam inhalations on the basis of eucalyptus, peppermint, raspberry roots, and breathe in the vapors boiled potatoes.


It is important to understand that to get rid of the irritating dry cough as well as productive process only when the complex treatment. It is important to drink products strictly according to the designated dosage, and not to violate the time of admission.

Moreover, you can predict the course of disease. If you notice signs of illness in the early days of his progression, use of preventive drugs.

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