Purulent sinusitis: symptoms and treatment at home
How to treat purulent sinusitis?
Purulent inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is an acute or chronic mucosal part in the cavity of the maxillary region. In the process of inflammation the disease is accompanied by the development and reproduction of harmful bacteria that causes pronounced symptoms. This inflammation is dangerous to humans, as the proximity of the brain to the source of the disease can cause a number of complications that are difficult to cure. In addition, the patient may become inflamed the brain, eyes and ears. This might lead to disorders in vital organs.
To avoid complications and quickly withdraw pus will help timely treatment to the doctor. Acute purulent sinusitis requires a comprehensive treatment with antibiotic therapy and anti-inflammatory medications. To avoid acute or chronic purulent sinusitis, you need to try to get rid of the signs of a cold or flu in its early stages and does not run even regular rhinitis.
The reasons for the formation of inflammation
Sinusitis is an inflammation in the area of the sinuses in the upper jaw. The maxillary sinus can become inflamed due to lesions of the respiratory viruses or bacteria. This process occurs as a result goes untreated cold or flu, as well as due to hypothermia.
Sinusitis may be odontogenic. In this case, the patient produces inflammation due to infection of the tooth root.
Dental caries, or diseased teeth this type of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses appears in eight of ten patients.
Another reason for the formation of a sinus infection is considered a fungal infection.
This inflammation is dangerous to the accession of bacterial flora to rhinitis. In this case, the patient may form chronic rhinitis and acute sinusitis.
Check the presence of inflammation in the case of chronic sinusitis. In addition, the abundance of mucous secretions, pain in the nose and sinuses, malaise and other symptoms can result in allergic edema of the sinus mucosa. This process requires antihistamine treatment as well as purification of the cavity of the sinus from accumulation of pus.
Other reasons for the formation of pus in the sinuses include abnormal structure of nasal cavity and deviated septum.
These symptoms can cause the formation of acute or chronic inflammation, but equally important is the immune system of the patient. When it is reduced activation in the patient notes susceptibility to frequent rhinitis and the absence of the protective functions of the nasal cavity. In this process the human body susceptible to the penetration of bacterial infections.
In addition, the identifying symptoms and treatment of purulent maxillary sinusitis is largely dependent on the patient. If it’s exposure to mental stress and frequent formation of cold, should visit the doctor once in three months. In this approach, the patient has a chance to detect the formation of sinusitis in the early stages.
How to recognize sinusitis
Sinusitis, regardless of the type and nature always proceeds with pronounced symptoms, so to note an inflammation develops in time is easy.
When complications of the process lesion of the organism of bacterial infection the patient suffers from increased body temperature. Sometimes it reaches 39 or 40 degrees Celsius, accompanied by high fever.
Other signs of inflammation of the maxillary sinus include:
- General malaise;
- strong bursting in the region of the paranasal sinuses;
- palpation of the maxillary cavity, the patient feels a sharp pain;
- when tilting the head right or left the patient is suffering from shooting sensations;
- in the case of sneezing or coughing the patient has pain in the head and the temples;
- severe facial flushing, swelling of cheeks and neck;
- the formation of mucous secretions, which in the course of the inflammation can change the consistency, color, smell;
- the formation of green mucus;
- frequent nasal congestion, which increases the night;
- severe inflammation of the mucosa of the nasal cavity;
- loss of smell;
- lacrimation, redness of the eyes;
- a feeling of pressure in the eye sockets and nose bridge.
In addition to these symptoms, the patient noted the change of tone of voice and the appearance of the nasal. Often, patients complain of deterioration of health, which increases in the evening. At the same time nasal congestion can trigger anoxia, pain in the head and the formation of sero-purulent fluid.
Often when patients with sinusitis eyes hurt, and there are signs of intoxication.
Signs of inflammation may vary depending on the immune system of the patient and the correct course of treatment.
In case of inadequate therapy or total rejection of modern treatment, the patient may appear more dangerous symptoms.
Remember that failure to comply with the necessary therapy, the General condition of the patient will greatly worsen every day.
Purulent discharge may penetrate into the cavity of the respiratory tract, but also spread to nearby organs.
It’s dangerous penetration of pus into the bloodstream and into the cavity of the brain.
How and what to treat purulent sinusitis
Diagnosis of inflammation is in the hospital. The patient has to undergo a detailed examination in a medical facility. In this patient, will prescribe not only a visual inspection of the inflamed area, but and appoint some tests.
Blood, and after the fluoroscopy and computed tomography, a specialist will be able to identify the type of inflammation and to analyze the bacteria, which affects the nasal cavity. In some cases, the patient is administered the implementation of diagnostic puncture, which allows to determine the type of pathogen.
Only after all the necessary research, the doctor can confidently prescribe follow-up treatment. Unfortunately, to get rid of purulent inflammation without antibiotics it is impossible, therefore this therapy becomes the main method on the way to recovery. In addition, in the course of treatment includes antihistamines, anti-inflammatory medications and some physical therapy.
To suppress the activity of pathogenic agents of purulent sinusitis patients are prescribed antibiotics.
They will ensure the reduction of inflammatory activity, and provide the outflow of fluid from the paranasal sinuses.
To do this, doctors usually prescribe the following antibiotics from the group of cephalosporins — Cefixime, Cefalexin, Ceftriaxone.
In the case of ineffectiveness of these medicines prescribers from the macrolides — Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Macropen, Sumamed.
In some cases purulent sinusitis in adults, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics penicilline group. To such drug include the flemoksin soljutab, Ecolaw, Amoxiclav. In more complex situations where the patient plagued by acute symptoms required systemic antibiotics of fluoroquinolone — Moxifloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Ofloxacin.
The mechanism of action of drugs and their dosage you need to choose your doctor.
After antibiotic treatment, the patient is administered medicines to reduce inflammation, and reduce swelling in the mucous membrane of the nose. To reduce swelling tissue can only antihistamines — Trexel, Zyrtec, Kestin, Lomilan, Loragexal. It is believed that these drugs have a systemic effect with minimal side effect.
To take the pill you need at the doctor dosage. The treatment lasts about seven days, but if the inflammation is acute symptoms, medication may be extended for up to two weeks.
To thin out the selection and to remove the accumulated mucus without surgical intervention, the doctor will prescribe vasoconstrictors. Drops not only improve nasal breathing, but also normalize the General condition of the mucous cavity.
Bring the pus in the sinus, you can use nasal drops and sprays.
The most effective drugs are considered Galazolin, Farmazolin, Xylometazoline, Oxymetazoline, Tizin, Sanorin, not call.
The use of nasal drops and sprays should not exceed seven days.
The popular treatment
If purulent sinusitis tormented by acute symptoms, your doctor may prescribe additional treatment with natural recipes. Treatment of purulent sinusitis in the home with the use of alternative medicine is not able to destroy the source of inflammation, but significant way help to improve health.
Freshly squeezed beet juice will help the patient to improve nasal breathing and improve health. Use this method before bedtime.
- For use of beets for medicinal purposes finely grate the vegetables and squeeze all the juice out.
- Dilute it with purified water in the same proportion and type in the nasal cavity.
- For once enter no more than five drops in each nostril. It is best just after injection close to the nose point on fifteen minutes.
Repeat this procedure throughout the treatment.
Many have long used the tincture of propolis. Its healing properties help to eliminate disease-causing infection on the mucosa of the nasal cavity, thereby speeding up the period of treatment.
- Bury in each nostril three drops of tincture of propolis.
- Wait fifteen minutes and rinse nasal passages with a decoction of chamomile.
- Then smear the nostrils with olive oil.
This method is recommended to be applied every day, twice within twenty days.
Decoction of medicinal herbs
To consolidate the effect of treatment with medicines is necessary to drink a decoction of medicinal herbs. They improve overall health and strengthen the immune system.
As an ingredient for the broth, use chamomile, St. John’s wort, mother and stepmother, Bay leaf, roots, raspberry, rose, Primula, plantain, parsley, oregano, currants.
The acute form of purulent sinusitis is dangerous for the patient number of complications. To cure this inflammation is difficult, therefore it is important to follow all doctor’s orders. Do not use the traditional methods as the main treatment, because alternative medicine is not able to get rid of harmful bacteria in the maxillary region.
Remember that the sooner you notice signs of inflammation, the less complex the drugs you will prescribe. Systemic antibiotics can be replaced by local products and a more gentle mix of sprays.