Purulent snot the child and the adult: how and what to treat
How to treat purulent snot?
Most often the production aconselho secretions (snot) with the admixtures of pus becomes an extension of acute phase of rhinitis. The secretion of the exudate is green or yellow colour reflects the destruction of viruses and bacteria by cells of the leukocyte germ.
Localization of infectious agents in the nasal cavity is fraught with the intoxication of organism by products of their activity, and inactivity of chronic rhinitis goes into sinusitis, pharyngitis, adenoiditis, bronchitis. Treatment of purulent mucus from the adult or child directed to the extinction stimuli, depression of the symptoms of the disease.
What is purulent snot?
Mucous secret is a product of secretory activity of the glands which lines the soft tissues of the nose. It moistens, warms and cleans the oxygen from dust, dirt, bacteria. Profuse discharge from the nasal cavity associated with the increase in volume produced by the enzyme under the action of external and internal factors.
The localization on the mucosa of pathogenic microorganisms triggers a natural immune response increase production aconselho secret.
No treatments to viral infection associated bacterial. To perform protective functions changing the chemical composition of the mucus, increased protein content, which increases the density and concentration of the secret.
Body fluid mixed with the virus destroyed tissue, becomes yellow or deep green color. How to look like festering snot shown in the photo.
The concentration of the product with mucous purulent impurities indicates the etiology of infectious sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis media, sinusitis, mainly in chronic forms. A threat to the life of the patient is the development on the background of pathological changes of pneumonia, bronchitis.
The disease is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- swelling and inflammation of the mucous;
- violation of the drainage function;
- the difficulty breathing;
- pain in the neck and the back of the head, in the frontal parts;
- a lack of energy, weakness.
Individual forms of the inflammatory process is characterized by increased body temperature, episodic bouts of coughing, chills, lacrimation, decreased taste buds, unpleasant sensations in the throat and ears. The child becomes tearful, irritable, disturbed sleep, lost appetite.
How and what to treat purulent snot the child and the adult?
On the basis of visual inspection and data rhinoscopy doctor determines the extent and localization of inflammation.
The methods of research also includes radiography, computed tomography, the sampling of biological material from the nasal cavity, endoscopy, General analysis of blood and urine.
The task of the audiologist is to choose a therapeutic regimen for a natural outflow aconselho secret destruction of pathogenic microflora, normalize the breathing.
Lavage of the paranasal sinuses
Treatment of purulent snot at a child or an adult begins with the toilet of the nose. To cleanse the channels from dust, residues of the mucus, the doctor will prescribe nasal preparations based on sea water, for example «Akvamaris», «no-Sol».
For children, the optimal choice is «Dolphin», «Solin».
To prepare the solution at home. To 1 liter of distilled water add 15-20 g of salt, 1 drop of iodine.
No pharmacological therapy promotes hydration of soft tissues, prevents the formation of crusts, improves the absorption of drugs. Irrigate the nasal passages is recommended at least 4 times a day for 10-14 days.
The main treatment of purulent rhinitis – antibacterial therapy. Wide application in ENT practice received the «Miramistin», «Chlorhexidine», «Furatsilin».
Under the action of the main components is the fragmentation and destruction of the membranes of pathogenic strains, the modification of their enzymatic activity, resulting in inhibition of the life cycle of microorganisms.
Disinfectants are active against gram-positive and gram-negative agents. The drugs are aimed at reducing swelling, mild inflammation, restore drainage function.
Drugs are characterized by maloaktiven effect, increase the functioning of the ciliated epithelium.
The concentration of the drug can cause a burning sensation that dulled after a few minutes. At risk patients with hypersensitivity to ingredients.
In severe pathological changes, the doctor prescribes oral antibiotics broad spectrum of action, including «Augmentin», «Sumamed Forte», «Flamexin», «Bioparox», «T», «Polideksa».
The dosage and course of treatment is determined based on the severity of the disease, localization of infectious agents, individual characteristics of the organism.
To limit contact with the appropriate medications because of side reactions:
- candidiasis of the skin;
- pain in the neck and nape.
Antibiotics supplemented with microbial antidiarrheal medications. They help restore balance of intestinal microflora, stimulation of humoral and local immunity.
Active ingredients nasal sprays have a peripheral effect on blood vessels by affecting the adrenal receptors. Localization of the drug opens the output channels of the paranasal sinuses, the result of normal breathing through the nose, reduces swelling, eases the process of removing purulent secretions.
The therapeutic effect occurs within 10-15 minutes after instillation, persists up to 6 hours.
Important! During gestation, breastfeeding doctors include the treatment of vasoconstrictor drops, when the intended benefits from the drug higher threat to the health of the unborn child.
Drops from purulent snot are assigned a rate to 5-7 days, ideally 3 to 5 days. On the background of prolonged use of excessive dosage develop chronic nasal congestion, atrophy of the inner shell.
Caution is recommended for patients with a history of the following pathologies:
- diabetes mellitus;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- bronchial asthma;
In Pediatrics for the treatment of purulent rhinitis using during a Cold, «Naphazoline», «Sanorin».
Expectorants are designed to liquefy the mucus in damage to the integrity of the upper and lower respiratory tract. The pharmacological activity is an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect.
Medicinal products do not have systemic action, are metabolized in the liver, are of low bioavailability (less than 10%).
For reference! Medical scheme is complemented with immunomodulatory drugs: «IRS-19», «Viferon», «Polyoxidonium».
The risk of side effects observed in patients with diseases of the duodenum, stomach ulcers, angle-closure glaucoma, arterial hypertension.
The range of pharmaceutical products represented by «ACC-100», «Rinofluimutsil», «ksimelin Extra», «Adrenalin» for children «Nazik».
The medication is aimed at blocking the Hi-histamine receptors. Etilendiamina reduce the severity of symptoms of allergic rhinitis, pruritic and have a sedative effect.
A therapeutic regimen often includes «Suprastin», «Zyrtec», «Tavegil», «Nise». The course of treatment varies from 7 to 10 days.
In clinical cases, when the purulent rhinitis accompanied by fever over 38°C, patients are appointed antipyretic drugs: «Nurofen», «Ibuprofen», «Paracetamol».
Pathological changes depress the immune system, the body needs additional vitamins, macro. They increase resistance to pathogenic strains, and normalize the course of metabolic processes, functioning of organs and systems that promotes a speedy recovery.
Pharmaceutical efficacy showed «Vitrum», «supradin», «Activated», «Kinderbibel», «Buddypromoter».
Alternative methods of treatment of purulent mucus do not exclude reception of medical preparations. Natural ingredients promote active regeneration of the mucosa, reducing the production of exudate, facilitating its excretion, the normalization of breathing.
Important! Before performing procedures in the home definitely need to get advice from a doctor, especially if it is not formed by the immune system of the child.
In the fight with purulent rhinitis effective the following manipulation:
- inhalation of steam of boiled potatoes. Stimulate metabolism, reduces swelling of the nasal mucosa. For the procedure you have to tilt your head over a bowl of boiled unpeeled root, cover with a blanket. Reproduce three deep breaths through the mouth, exhale through one’s nose, and so on for 5-10 minutes;
- fortified drops. For their preparation in equal proportions mixed liquid honey, onion juice, and garlic. Fluid to irrigate the nasal passages three times a day 2-3 drops in each hole;
- sea-buckthorn oil. The drug of plant origin has a bacteriostatic effect, reduces the concentration of toxins, protects the soft tissue from exposure to irritants. A cotton swab soaked in the fruit oil of sea buckthorn, RUB the inner lining of the nose.
Activity against aconselho secret with purulent admixtures shows Kalanchoe juice, carrot or beet juice.
Purulent snot, the child or adult develop on the background of colds and flu, hypothermia, as a result of infection of the patients teeth, the systematic effects of powerful antigens.
To make the scheme of treatment, the doctor needs to identify the etiology of the disease. If the acute form can be limited to gentle methods, the chronic stage is treatable with antibiotics.