Recovery after laparoscopy: Realitatea, diet and tips
Laparoscopy is an innovative method of endoscopic surgery, which is widely used for surgical treatment or diagnosis of the internal organs. Today laparoscopic treatment is widely used in gynecology, this technique allows with minimal trauma to cure many gynecological diseases, including cysts and uterine fibroids, endometriosis, cancer tumors.
Laparoscopic treatment is one of the most effective low-impact and safe operational techniques. The laparoscopic method allows to operate any of the abdominal organs – the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries, intestines, stomach, gall bladder. The popularity and prevalence of laparoscopy due to the high effectiveness, ease of, lack of severe complications and short recovery period.
The technique of laparoscopic intervention as follows: the surgeon makes the abdominal wall of the patient 3, and in some cases 4 small puncture. Usually the diameter of the puncture does not exceed 1.5-2 cm, and deepening special tool is used. The patient at this point is under General anesthesia, and absolutely nothing feels. Made in one of the holes introduces a tiny video camera with a light source; at other special laparoscopic tools.
In order to free the surgeon the most extensive operational location in one of the holes injected carbon dioxide. It is necessary to slightly raise the wall of the abdominal cavity, giving the surgeon the most complete overview and to make the treatment complete. Every movement of laparoscopic instruments is displayed on a special monitor – it allows to avoid many unnecessary movements and make manipulation extremely accurate.
Once made all the necessary surgical actions, instruments and video camera are retrieved from the abdominal cavity, and the holes overlaps with a few small stitches. It should be noted that after the laparoscopy, in contrast to the usual way of operations, practically does not remain visible scars.
Rehabilitation after laparoscopy
Recovery after surgery takes 2 to 4 weeks depending on the severity of the ongoing operation and development of any complications. For 2-3 hours after the operation the woman departs from the General anesthesia at this time, she may feel weakness, nausea, dizziness. Should strictly observe all recommendations of the surgeon who operated on.
Also in the first day after the laparoscopy, the woman may feel pain in the lower abdomen – in most cases, these painful feelings are poorly expressed. This may be the result of the surgery, and carbon dioxide, which remains inside the abdominal cavity and is slowly absorbed by the body. If the pain is very strong, you should immediately inform your doctor – he will prescribe pain medications.
When you can get up after laparoscopic surgery? Treatment by laparoscopic method has many advantages, among which are a shorter postoperative period, which, in contrast to the classical surgical treatment lasts just a few weeks. After 3-4 hours after surgery, the patient is allowed to get up walk across the room. Walking is not only permitted, but encouraged – this is necessary in order to normalize the circulation after the laparoscopy, and also to prevent the development of thrombosis and adhesions. Of course, a particularly zealous with the walk should not be — all movements should be as smooth and careful.
Many women undergoing treatment laparoscopically, concerned with the question – how many days after surgery you can eat and drink? The first day after surgical treatment is not recommended to eat – the body needs «rest» after surgery. You can drink on the first day after laparoscopy – best non-carbonated mineral water, fruit compote or juice, weak tea, jelly. You need to drink in small SIPS, trying not to strain the abdominal muscles.
Diet after the laparoscopy
The postoperative period requires adherence to a certain diet. You can eat on the second day after surgery. There is a recommended fractional and small portions, but often. Optimal 5-6 meals per day. In the postoperative period can not eat heavy food. Strictly prohibited the following foods:
- Spicy, fatty or fried foods cooked with lots of butter or oil, and fats of animal origin.
- For rehabilitation it is strictly forbidden to use of smoked, pickled and preserved foods.
- Do not eat fatty meats, lard.
- Categorically not allowed to eat sweets and pastries, fresh muffin. Such foods can trigger flatulence and flatulence.
- In recovery women are recommended to exclude from your daily menu, beans, peas and other legumes. They can have intense effects on the gastrointestinal tract, causing bloating, flatulence.
The basis of the daily diet in the postoperative period should be broths, soups, porridge and mashed potatoes, fresh vegetables and fruits, dairy products, whole wheat bread. Food should be simple, but contains all the necessary vitamins, minerals and nutrients. You can eat meals, steamed, boiled and steamed without fat.
Can I drink alcohol after laparoscopic intervention and in how many it can do? Experts answer this question in the negative. Alcohol should not be consumed at least within 30 days after laparoscopy. Allowed to drink only weak tea, jelly, juice, compote of berries, fresh fruit or dried fruit, yoghurt, kefir and other dairy products, natural mineral water. Women who smoke are advised for 3-4 weeks to give up Smoking. This contributes to a more rapid and efficient rehabilitation process.
Basic rules to keep in mind after laparoscopy
Recovery after laparoscopy is a lot of time. Throughout the rehabilitation period is daily treatment sutures with antiseptic agents and dressings sterile. Treatment after the laparoscopy should continue in the home. Usually 4-6 days after surgery the patient is discharged from hospital.
No less important issue of concern to every woman after the procedure: when can I have sex? At least 3-4 weeks after a laparoscopy it is recommended to strictly observe pelvic rest and completely abstain from sexual contact. This is necessary in order to operated all the internal organs have time to fully recover and begin its normal functioning.
In how many sports? It should be remembered that the process of rehabilitation after the surgery lasts at least 4 weeks and in this period is to spare your organism from loads. And therefore even after discharge from the hospital must strictly comply with all tips and restrictions, which will tell the doctor, and do all that will be advised by the specialist. Do not forget about the restriction of physical activity of the abdominal muscles should be at rest, so you are only allowed to walk slowly. It is therefore not allowed not only outdoor sports, but also any physical activity. That is why the question: how can the sport should be approached with the utmost responsibility.
The only activity that is allowed during the recovery period is slow Hiking in the fresh air. Sport activities were allowed to resume no earlier than 4-5 weeks after surgery. Also do not forget that lifting any weights is strictly prohibited. The maximum weight lifted of gravity should not exceed 3 kg. the Duration of such restriction, 2-3 months. How many are not allowed sports? Not less than 4-6 weeks.
What not to do after the procedure of laparoscopy? The ban covers long trips in the transport and travel by plane. Strictly forbidden to visit the baths and saunas, solariums, swimming in public ponds and pools.
Stitches after this surgery removed about 6-7 days after the procedure. Of course, this occurs in the absence of any complications. You should pay particular attention to the fact that until the stitches are removed a woman is strictly forbidden to take a bath and a shower. Allowed only partial hygiene by wiping the body. This can be done with a damp sponge.
In the case that the treatment by laparoscopic method was performed as surgical treatment of gynecological diseases, after the procedure, the woman may experience minor vaginal discharge, which have impurities of the blood. Don’t be afraid – this is completely normal, resulting from surgical procedures. Concerns should arise only in the case if the discharge suddenly became very abundant in they blood clots, or they bought a bright red tint. In this case, you should not start self – treatment should immediately report the discharge to your specialist, because such changes can indicate an infection or serious complication after a laparoscopy.