Removal of the ovary: indications and contraindications
There are many diseases of the reproductive system. Some really to eliminate the use of drugs, from other rescues operation. It is known that the removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy), if there is a rupture of the reproductive gland, or the question of the removal of the tumor, which «seized» a significant part of this body. There are other problems in women to get rid of which can only surgery on the gonads.
Whatever the reasons for such a serious intervention in the female body, we have to admit that after patients have hard. The «disappearance» of one (or even two ovaries) to the body is a real shock. Because these organs play a very important role for the health of girls and ladies. Psychological depression, pain, acute ailments, which seemed only a memory – it’s all very depressing. The patient should understand that modern drugs can fight from the discomfort.
Even partial removal of the sexual glands can disrupt the hormonal balance in women. If the doctor insists on excision of the entire organ, causes should be extremely important. Especially if we are talking about women under 40.
If you can eliminate the disease by donating a portion of the ovary, is the most viable option. But it happens that the complete removal of this organ is necessary. Let’s call the reasons for which the operation is performed:
- The solid tumor size.
- Adnexitis, flowing with the dangerous ovarian complications.
- The gap body and the subsequent bleeding.
- Hysterectomy (at the age give for suspected cancer is often removed and the uterus, and gonads).
- A malignant tumor, whose growth is affected by certain hormones.
There are other reasons why you need to carry out one-way or two-way operation. Assessing the risks, the expert takes into account the patient’s age, a threat that hangs over a patient now. And we need to realize that abandoning the option proposed by the doctor, you can hurt yourself.
Sometimes a woman does not have time to mentally prepare for the procedure, and then not annoy her as much pain as despair, his rejection of the new state.
If neglected, the disease was detected in patients at a young age (under 40) and the patient craves in the future to conceive and give birth to the baby, experts are doing everything possible to after surgery, she remained at least a modest stock reproductive potential.
Gynecologists has always endeavoured to keep one ovary left. Both glands cut out very rare. Indeed, for normal health woman needs hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. To remove the appendages – so to make it impossible for the natural production of these important substances. For the blossoming beauties of the thirties, such a loss is fraught with premature aging and the exacerbation of chronic illnesses. Can be heart pain, shortness of breath. Only hormones will help to overcome these challenges.
Preservation of one ovary is a «pledge» that a woman after undergoing surgery would not worry too much discomfort. Because hormonal changes are not as irreversible as in the removal of both appendages. The recovery period the women will be easier, the possibility of pregnancy remains. But a lot depends on the physical capabilities of the patient, from the resources of her body. It happens that a woman feels broken, her long pain even after the elimination of the ovaries.
Patients aged 40 years and older, the body wracked with inflammation in the pelvis, sometimes prescribed a hysterectomy. In the process of this operation, the sex glands are removed along with the uterus. Of course, after this procedure, about pregnancy and childbirth can be forgotten. But for women who already have older children, such surgery may be a though tough, but correct decision. When there is a significant threat to life – you need to sacrifice something.
To have less pain
The main desire of the ladies, who had identified the disease of the reproductive organs is to eliminate the disease with minimal interference in such a hidden area. Therefore, it is difficult to reconcile with the idea that surgery is needed. One of the main women’s fears is the fear of premature aging (with the elimination of both appendages such process indeed happens). «Disorder» in the intimate sphere also feared by many. After all, some of the ladies for a long time troubled by the pain that affect the marital relationship negatively. What issues most to spoil your life after surgical procedures, it is wise to ask the doctor.
If the ovary is too changed, a protracted illness (or «fueled» by hormones the tumor), it is better not to challenge the decision of a specialist. And negative changes that can annoy you after the intervention to smoothen medications prescribed by a gynecologist.
Preparation for the procedure – a very important stage. Usually a doctor prescribes the patient some types of research. Ultrasound and CT done in most cases. Because the reasons for surgery are different, the physician selects the operational method, focusing on the diagnosis of women at the characteristics of an organism.
Open surgery is used in rare cases. Interference with the body is significant, because the surgeon will have to do a lot of abdominal incision. Mostly professionals prefer laparoscopy – a more gentle method. The patient during the procedure will not lose a lot of blood, visible scars, it does not remain, and pain in the postoperative period will not be too strong.
Woman after surgery a few days stay in the hospital. Before discharge, the specialist will explain to the patient what medications she will need to take in the future.
The body is «confused»
Rehabilitation after the procedure may take from fifteen days to six weeks. If the patient had undergone bilateral surgery, the recovery period for her will be full of difficulties. And after a couple of months after the elimination of the sexual glands of the ladies actually begin menopause. The lack of gonads is synonymous with menopause, and rapid.
Menstruation stops, the pressure «jumps», headaches can be very strong. Those ladies, after losing the ovaries is drastically reduced libido, besides in the genital system, too, there are alarming metamorphosis: dryness and burning sensation in the vagina, frequent urination, discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Among frequent complications, insomnia, nervousness, apathy. Possibility of heart problems, sudden weight gain. And the reasons for this state are obvious – the natural way hormones already are not produced, the body needs to be replaced. It becomes clear why the specialists try to protect against the loss of both ovaries in women who are far from menopause age.
Young – harder?
Twenty-five to thirty patients in the most difficult situation to endure the consequences of oophorectomy. To natural menopause, the body prepares more than one year, the sex glands «shut off» its function gradually. And when at one point the body loses the female hormones, can severely deteriorate even those ailments, which didn’t bother before.
These same causes can change the appearance of women (not in a good way). The skin becomes less elastic, the hair loses strength and Shine. A couple of years after suffering interference you may experience problems with their teeth.
Of course, it would be pessimistic and short-sighted to say that such complications expect all the women some reasons to agree to oophorectomy. Someone notable will be emotional swings, and someone stronger will just be sad because of external changes. One thing is clear: to maintain the health of a young patient have to take hormone medications, but vitamin complexes.
If one appendage left, the effects of surgery will not be so frightening. And the chances of conceiving a child in women will continue. But consider that the body of ladies do not react to the loss of appendage is not worth it. Weight fluctuations, pain, sweating and shortness of breath can plague the patient for quite a long time.
Not everyone knows that Mature ladies are more «loyal» to respond to the removal of the appendages. If the operation almost coincided with the menopause, emotional disorders and pain will not be too strong a test for the organism. Because women over 40 are prepared by nature to the fact that the hormones gradually «wither». But age women without medical support, doctors also leave.
How to mitigate premature wilting?
If you are over 40 and you are prepared to remove the gonads, you should not panic. There is a great probability that complications will not become an intolerable burden. But to rely solely on the wisdom of nature is also naive. Only well-chosen therapy can mitigate the effects of oophorectomy, and therefore to reduce the discomfort that you will encounter.
In women under 40 the symptoms of premature skin aging caused by the removal of the epididymis, can cause despair. But whatever problems (weight gain, pain, sleep loss), you need to follow the prescription of the gynecologist. In order to minimize the negative aspects, it is important to take special medication. Besides hormonal medicines, will be useful vitamins.
Moderate physical and social activity is also a plus. And for the premiere we support native people plays not the last role. The trials brought by the removal of the reproductive glands, the lady will be easier to overcome, feeling its necessity.