Rhinitis and conjunctivitis in a child: treatment, than to treat
How to treat conjunctivitis and runny nose in a child?
Inflammation of the outer layer of the eye often accompanies respiratory infections in children. In most cases, the impetus for the development of complications acts as a weakened immune system.
The treatment of conjunctivitis and runny nose in a child is the accurate differentiation of the etiology of the inflammatory process. As an independent unit, rhinitis and inflammation of the connective membrane of the eye do not pose a threat to the child, but delayed therapy may provoke pathological diseases, including sinusitis, sinusitis, keratitis, etc.
The pathogenesis of the disease
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes can occur on background colds and to be the causality that triggers the development of rhinitis. Conjunctivitis is of a different nature of origin – infectious, viral, and allergic.
In more than 96% of cases, the provocateur of the disease acts pathogenic microorganisms and antigens that cause the types of immunopathological process.
In the diagnosis of the disease in children, doctors rely on two reasons:
- severe hypersensitivity of the body of the child on spores of plants, dust, food, household chemicals;
- migration of the inflammatory process from the nasal cavity to the mucosa of the conjunctiva due to the close message of the lacrimal canal with the lower shell.
For reference! Adenovirus infection, measles, varicella – triggering factors of the inflammatory process of the connective sheath on the visual system. The disease caused by the influenza virus, chickenpox can cause repeated waves of infection. These diseases peculiar to the development of conjunctivitis and rhinitis.
The infection can get to the mucous membranes of the eyes and the outer path – after the child rubbing their eyes with dirty handkerchief or hands. Rhinitis and conjunctivitis in a child may be a sequence each other and to run concurrently (in any form of the disease).
How to treat conjunctivitis when cold
Before therapeutic measures it is necessary to determine the etiology of the disease. After diagnosis, the attending physician selects the appropriate group of pharmacological agents. Self-medication is fraught with complications and the worsening of health of the child.
Conjunctivitis is considered contagious disease, so during treatment procedures necessary to limit contact with other children.
Treatment is based on an integrated approach, with the use of drugs local and systemic action. The severity of the symptomatic picture of the disease determines the need for antibiotic therapy.
With increasing the natural temperature of the body, the risk of pathological course of the disease, doctors prescribe bacterial drugs are broad-spectrum in the form of suspensions. For the treatment of children more efficient «Augumentin», «Azitroks», «Sumamed», «Promised». The individual characteristics of the child patient determine the daily rate of drugs and duration of treatment.
For the relief of symptoms of inflammation in a therapeutic treatment regimen includes:
- Eye drops. Depending on the nature of the manifestations of the inflammatory process, are assigned to the ophthalmic drugs of different actions. Allergic form involves the use of medications, pharmacological action of which is aimed at eliminating the painful phenomena provoked by antigens («Kromogeksal», «Lekrolin»). Viral for assigned antiviral drops, which suppress the propagation of viruses («Aktipol», «Florenal», «Poludan»). If conjunctivitis is triggered by the bacterial flora takes place antibiotic drops «TOPEX», «Sulfacetamide». The daily rate is determined by the attending physician individually.
- Nasal drops. Vasoconstrictors allow you to restore the drainage function of the nose, reducing nasal congestion («Nazivin», «Otrivin», «Nazol Bebi»). Therapeutic course should not exceed 3-5 days of use.
For reference! Symptomatic picture of conjunctivitis manifested by increased tearing, photophobia, redness and swelling of organs of the visual system, itchy sensations, burning sensation, discharge of purulent character.
Irrigation of nasal cavity and eyes are essential procedures in the treatment of rhinitis and conjunctivitis. For lavage of a nose in Pediatrics is widely used aqueous solutions isotonic to blood plasma – «Aqualor», «Akvamaris», vegetable and mineral complex «Dolphin».
These drugs do not cause addiction, increase the therapeutic effect of nasal drops, promote the excretion of allergenic and pathogenic stimuli, liquefy miconazole secret, ensure unimpeded drainage.
As solutions for washing eyes proven decoctions of herbs (succession, calendula, chamomile). As an alternative you can use a weak solution of «Furatsilinom». Depending on the age of the little patient, the attending specialist will choose the best composition for washing.
If diagnosed with viral conjunctivitis the necessary funds on the basis of protein molecules IFN, which aims to correct the immunodeficiency in the child. These drugs are different forms of issue – candles («Viferon», «Kipferon», «Genferon®»), drops («Grippferon»), ointments.
Important! Each form of the disease inherent in its symptomatic picture. When the bacterial form inflammatory process affects the mucosa of both organs of the visual system, whereas in viral conjunctivitis, there is a loss of one eye.
Compliance with preventive measures, including: balanced nutrition, enhance immunity, personal hygiene, timely treatment of respiratory diseases, will prevent the development of inflammation of the outer membrane of the eye.
With timely treatment to the doctor, the inflammation and the symptoms of rhinitis and conjunctivitis cropped in minimum time. Every form of disease peculiar to certain signs, therefore, the main task of parents is to pay attention to the symptoms that help to differentiate disease.