Rhinosinusopathy brain: what is it and treatment
How to treat allergic rhinosinusopathy?
Allergic rhinosinusopathy is an inflammation that affects the entire mucous membrane of the patient. Allergic disease may be localized on one side of the sinuses or in several parts of okolonosovyh cavity. With the progression of this type of disease patients disrupts the function of respiration, there are abundant mucous discharge, frequent sneezing, and soreness in the head.
If such a disease is not to get rid of the time, patients will face hard consequences and a long course of treatment. Therefore, treatment of rhinosinusopathy should begin immediately after a long rhinitis and other acute symptoms. By themselves, these symptoms are reason to see a doctor, who will quickly determine the form of inflammation and prescribe the necessary research to accurately determine the further therapy.
What is rhinosinusopathy
If you have wondered what it is rhinosinusopathy brain after visiting a doctor because of acute symptoms of inflammation, we suggest reading this material.
Vasomotor rhinosinusopathy is a disease of allergic nature, which affects the mucous membranes of the nose.
It should be noted that the anatomy of the nose there are four paranasal sinuses.
When the penetration of allergens into the area of the maxillary sinuses, the patient is formed rhinosinusopathy.
Thus the patient almost immediately stuffy nose, difficult nasal breathing, the formation of profuse discharge from the nose.
In some cases, patients formed a strong pain in my head and other sounds in the ears.
To identify the symptoms and causes of illness is easy, but to prescribe the right treatment quite problematic, as you first need to figure out the type of allergen that caused the inflammation.
A pathological condition triggered by an allergic penetration into the body, causes difficulty of nasal breathing, seizures, rinorei, frequent sneezing. The cause of the inflammation lie in the disruption of the immune system and allergic diseases are accompanied by not only the nose but of all the respiratory organs.
Allergic rhinosinusopathy often found in younger children and in adolescents up to 25 years. According to the annual statistics, almost twenty percent of the population suffer from this inflammation. With late therapy in more than half of the cases showed complications such as asthma, sinusitis, acute sinusitis and other forms of ailments.
Causes of rhinosinusopathy
Inflammation and the development of this kind of disease often occurs because of heredity.
Innate predisposition and lower the body’s immune system provokes the deterioration of mucous membranes.
Dysfunction of the protective organs of different allergens easily penetrate into the region of the sinuses and provoke the emergence of the disease.
In addition, inflammation can occur due to prolonged and improper treatment of acute rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma. The risk of this inflammation is increased in the presence of the above-mentioned forms of disease in relatives.
Other reasons for the formation of allergic rhinosinusopathy include active allergen exposure to the mucous nasal cavity. At the same time, penetrated the allergen can cause a number of acute symptoms.
Common cause education this kind of illness is considered long-term exposure to unwanted substances. Such stimuli include construction dust, chemical elements, exposure to pharmaceutical products and so on.
Having penetrated into the respiratory tract, allergens provoke receptors, thereby causing irritation of the cavity.
As a result of such exposure in the mucosal cavity of the patient is formed a serious inflammation and edema, and nasal congestion and obstruction of the work of the sinuses.
If untreated, this form of the disease in a short time turns into a chronic stage.
In the case of improper treatment, this disease takes any drug substance as an irritant that can lead to drug rhinitis.
The symptoms of allergic rhinosinusopathy
Understand that the patient has formed allergic rhinosinusopathy is possible due to the characteristic symptoms of the disease. The first thing to have problems with breathing, and then formed abundant mucus, accompanied by incessant sneezing.
In the evening the sneezing is reduced, but mucus becomes more thick and numerous. Nasal congestion prevents the patient from sleep, which causes fatigue and loss of efficiency.
Often patients complain of heaviness in the head and in the nose, and the sensation of having foreign objects.
In the case of chronic inflammation, these symptoms become more acute.
Headache hurts patient almost constantly and at any inclination of the head be shooting sensations.
With the development of the disease is the infection of the mucous membrane, leading to acute sinusitis or sinusitis.
This interferes with the function of a trellised labyrinth which causes fever, chills, nausea, sleep disturbance, loss of appetite, severe irritability and fatigue.
Often a combination of symptoms causing dysfunction of the respiratory system. At this time disturbed the bronchopulmonary system. Thus, the patient appears sputum, cough, feeling short of breath, suffocation.
The standard treatment
To determine the form of inflammation and its severity to require professional inspection by a specialist and the doctor-immunologist.
After the initial consultation, you must consult an ENT physician.
After determining all necessary forms of inflammation and study of the affected area, the patient is administered the conduct of the elimination of allergens.
To cure rhinosinusopathy is possible with the help of medication. Most often patients are prescribed nasal drops, various antihistamines, and immunotherapy, however, the best method of treatment – the definition of the allergen and its destruction in the sinuses. Often at this stage the doctors are faced with certain difficulties, because some allergens are not identifiable.
Elimination procedures are carried out only in the season of revitalization of the allergen. At this time, it is necessary to reduce contact with the irritating substance. To do this, use air conditioning, don’t forget about wet cleaning and limit the stay time in a room with an undesirable element.
In case of allergic reactions to dust and other microparticles of the necessary daily cleaning, humidifying the air and maintaining a moderate temperature in the living room.
If you are using medicines for treatment of allergic rhinosinusopathy necessary to choose only local drugs from the group of budesonide or corticosteroids.
Such drugs include «Suprastin», «Zyrtec», «Diazolin», «Tavegil» and others.
Antihistamines is most effective to apply in the case of acute symptoms or chronic inflammation of the disease.
In addition, it is necessary to apply large amounts of vitamins, medicines with calcium and other nutrients.
When this treatment is ineffective, the patient can designate specific immunotherapy.
In this case, the patient is prescribed the gradual introduction of the allergen of the irritant in the lining of the cavity.
The procedure is performed under strict medical supervision and the dosage in each case individually, but with repeated treatments it is always increasing.
Duration of therapy is chosen by the therapist, but the minimum duration of treatment – two months.
In some cases specific immunotherapy is ongoing to one year.
In case of failure of standard treatment, patients can assign surgery.
In this procedure the patient undergoes aeration of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.
During the operation, the patient replaces the atrophied areas.
To use this type of treatment is necessary in case of emergency, since the intervention on a sinus of the nose leads to many undesired processes and cause purulent inflammation.
Therefore, rehabilitation can reach up to several months.
Allergic inflammation always lead to severe symptoms and a serious deterioration of the patient’s condition. Keep in mind that rhinosinusopathy is a very serious and long-lasting inflammation that improper treatment causes many other ailments.
If not diagnose the inflammation in time, allergic rhinosinusopathy go into a chronic stage, in which conservative treatment is almost always unsuccessful. In this case, the patient may need surgical intervention or specific immunotherapy.