Runny nose during pregnancy 2nd trimester: than and how to treat, drips and spray from the common cold
How to cure common cold during pregnancy in the 2nd trimester?
Inflammation of the mucous membrane is manifested by nasal congestion, a violation of natural breathing, edema, intoxication by the waste products of pathogens. Such a condition is highly undesirable for pregnant should be evaluated by a qualified technician to prevent threats to the health of the expectant mother and child.
Timely treatment for medical help to prevent fetal death or the development of pathologies in systems and organs. How to cure common cold during pregnancy in the 2nd trimester to ease the woman’s condition and not to harm the baby?
Etiology aconselho secretions (snot)
The basis for the development of upper respiratory tract infections inherent inflammatory process of the nasal membranes. When exposed to aggressive factors disrupted ciliated epithelium.
Surface layer of cells with numerous cilia performs the function of the drainage system, ensure the promotion of secretory discharge into the oral part of the pharynx, the windpipe with the subsequent output to the outside.
Disturbance of acid-base balance, hypothermia reduce the protective properties of the mucous, which creates favorable conditions for the activation of conditionally pathogenic microflora.
Important! The consistency and color of snot you can determine the etiology of the disease. Transparent and liquid discharge point to the acute form of viral, allergic or vasomotor rhinitis, and the increasing density, changes color to yellow or green with impurities purulent masses of evidence of bacterial inflammation of the soft tissues.
In response to infectious and non-infectious (antigens, dust, foreign body, anatomical changes) causes the body produces myconazole the secret more than the norm.
Stages of a cold
It passes three stages of development:
- reflex. Are limited in time lasts for several hours. The consequences include violations of the functionality of the epithelium, which is manifested by sensation of dryness and burning in the paranasal sinuses, sneezing, headaches;
- catarrhal. The duration varies from 2 to 3 days. On the background of the development of the pathology is the change of the volumes of the vascular plexus, as a result, swelling of the nose, nasal congestion, watery eyes. Anatomical changes lead to a decreased sense of smell, deterioration in the perception of taste;
- the period of recovery. There are two scenarios for development: the state of normal or complicated by the accession of a bacterial infection. In the first variation the symptoms of rhinitis cropped, the amount of secretions decreases, the nasal passages are cleansed, the patient is on the mend. The second case depends on the degree of penetration of pathogenic microorganisms high risk of developing bronchitis, pneumonia.
On the status and functions of the nose on impact hormonal changes. A pregnant body produces elevated levels of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) that are required for successful fetal development.
A result of hormonal change is atrophy of the inner shell, clogged sinuses, congestion.
Conservative treatment of runny nose in pregnant
Inflammation of the upper respiratory tract is particularly dangerous from 1 to 12 week of gestation. In the first trimester there is a bookmark of all vital organs and systems.
So as not to harm the health of the baby, the expectant mother is strictly forbidden to self-medicate. If a patient wishes to restrict contact with medicines, you can refer to alternative medicine.
The second term captures from 14 to 26 a week. This period is considered the most safe and supportive. By the end of 16 weeks the internal organs are formed, the fetus has adapted and strengthened. For oxygen enrichment, nutrients, protection from adverse factors responsible Mature placental barrier.
For reference! Spontaneous abortion with rhinitis often occurs in the first trimester.
How dangerous common cold in this period
Violation of the integrity of the Airways and swelling of the soft tissues the development of dangerous oxygen deficiency, dysfunction of the placenta, formation of defects of the embryo, hypoxia, premature birth.
Runny nose in the last stages is fraught with the aging of the placenta, which leads to the free penetration of harmful substances to the fetus.
To treat it is necessary at the first signs of occurrence. Otherwise, there is a risk of spread of infection in the blood system, lungs and bronchi, as a result of infectious intoxication.
In the second trimester allowed some pharmaceuticals from a cold during pregnancy the minimum dosage, a limited course, under strict medical supervision.
Lavage of the nasal passages aimed at cleansing of the paranasal sinuses from accumulations of mucus, infectious agents and allergens, improving the absorption of drugs.
Solutions based on isotonic seawater maintain the natural physiological state of the inner shell, dilution and normalization of the production of secretory discharge. The resistance of the epithelium relative to pathogenic bacteria and viruses increase the micronutrients in the composition of the liquid.
In the second trimester of pregnancy are allowed to use nasal preparations «Akvamaris», «Humer», «saline». Indications for use are all forms of rhinitis, excessive dryness, prevention and treatment of pathologies of the nasopharynx.
Recommended to limit contact with the medication during hypersensitivity to the individual components, patients with problems of the cardiovascular system, tachycardia, hypertension.
Nasal preparations do not contain synthetic compounds that are not addictive, are allowed to use the long course. The daily frequency of treatments varies from 4 to 6.
How to use Dolfina
Effective for normalization of nasal breathing in a pregnant woman is plant and mineral complex «Dolphin». He presented a system volume of 240 ml with cap-doser to regulate the amount and force of water flow. The kit also contains dvuhromovo powder with phyto-extracts in the amount of 30 pieces.
Important! Side effects «Dolphin» appear in a nosebleed.
The contents of one sachet diluted in a device until complete dissolution. In the standing position, with the head tilt 90° alternately irrigate nasal passages. Solution, washing the nose, come out through the opposite nostril.
Upon completion of the procedure, the remnants of mucus is removed with a sharp exhale. As a preventive measure pneumatic cavity is washed 1 time a day, in the treatment of inflammation of the shell – 2 to 3 times.
Sprays and nasal drops
Pharmacodynamics of nasal preparations appears oedematous, vasoconstrictor effect. The sprays of drops differ from the ability to handle the maximum area of the nose surface with a minimum consumption of medication.
Approved for use in the second trimester of pregnancy, the following pharmaceutical products:
- «Pinosol.» The drug of plant origin, contains natural ingredients, including fir, menthol, eucalyptus oil, vitamins E, thymol. Exhibits anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial activity, accelerates the process of epithelialization. Administered intranasally for acute and chronic forms of rhinitis by 1-2 drops three times a day for 7 days. In case of overdose or individual intolerance observed burning, itching in the nose, swelling and hyperemia of the nasopharynx;
- «Nazivin Expert». Decongestant medication topical application to recovery drainage, natural breathing through the nose, relief of symptoms of allergic and vasomotor rhinitis. Under the local action of the main component of the Oxymetazoline a narrowing of blood vessels, decreases the amount of nasal discharge, normal aeration of pneumatic cavities. Prescribed sympathomimetic duration 3-5 days in cases where the benefits of their intake exceeds a threat to the health of the mother and fetus;
Nuance! If you haphazardly use vasoconstrictor drops develops drug-induced rhinitis.
- Vibrocil. Comprehensive drug with antihistamine and vasoconstrictor spectrum of action. Puts pressure on the venous plexus of the mucous membrane, activates ciliated epithelium, as a result, restored the breathing, decreases the number of discharge. Pregnant and lactation is prescribed with caution because of the content in the composition of the sympathomimetic phenylephrine and receptors of dimetindene. Every 4 hours in both nostrils instill 2-3 drops for 5-7 days;
- «Miramistin». Antiseptic solution has a hydrophobic effect on the cytoplasmic membrane of microorganisms, reduces its throughput. The drug is active against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Pharmaceutical product is characterized by immunomodulatory, antiviral action. When local and external use active substance not detected in the blood, because are absorbed in minimal doses.Not contraindicated during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In otolaryngology antiseptic is used for the relief of acute and chronic forms of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, tonsillitis, pharyngitis.
In allergic rhinitis
Treatment of rhinitis of allergic etiology in pregnant begins with limiting contact with the antigen. Powerful agents include dust, pet dander, plant spores, thermal changes, household chemicals.
A therapeutic regimen expectant mother 2 trimester include antihistamine nasal spray «Herbal». Its action is to block receptors N, preventing the penetration of irritants in the respiratory tract.
Important! To rapidly relieve inflammation of mucous membrane, without participation in the systemic circulation is referred hormonal drugs, polymer-based: «almost four years», «Aladin», «Nasonex».
Point affect the lesions and help homeopathic antiseptic ointment «Mamina», «Asterisk», «Fleming». They stimulate the nasal receptors, improve blood circulation and regeneration of soft tissues.
Active ingredients act at cellular level do not penetrate through the placental barrier, so do not harm the process of carrying a child. Be wary appoint people with individual intolerance eucalyptus oil, menthol, calendula.
From the moment of conception a new life before the birth of the baby the woman should care about their health. It is important to seek medical help in case of any deviation in the body, to prevent respiratory diseases.
Rhinitis responds well to treatment at the initial stage of development, the main thing is to create a therapeutic scheme.