Runny nose in infants: treatment, Komorowski, how and what to treat
Doctor Komarovskiy — how to treat a cold in infants?
The symptoms of rhinitis in infants arise not only due to the ingress of harmful bacteria. Mucus can be released under physiological cold. This is due to the fact that the body of the baby is just beginning to adapt to the changing environmental conditions.
How to cure common cold in infants? What if the runny nose continues for more than 2 days? To answer these questions can only be a doctor. Do not attempt to treat a runny nose in a toddler yourself. To choose treatment method, you need to understand the causes of ill health.
It is most convenient to remove the mucus accumulated in the nose of the baby, using a special device – aspirator. It can be bought in virtually any pharmacy. Do not use cotton swabs since they can damage the mucous membranes of the nose. Read more here about my opinion.
Runny newborn to 1 month may be associated with physiological causes.
Thus from the nose of the newborn starts flowing transparent liquid.
The appearance of the secretions connected with the adaptation of child’s organism to the new conditions.
This type of cold does not require treatment. To cope with the unpleasant symptoms by using lavage of the nasal passages.
Intense mucus can be seen when teething. A cold should pass on their own within 3-4 days. However, some kids nasal discharge continue for much longer. To understand the reasons for this condition need to consult with your doctor.
Many babies show signs of vasomotor rhinitis. The disease is accompanied by changes of the capillaries in the nose. What if a stuffy nose in a newborn? Cause of rhinitis may be an allergic reaction.
First you need to determine the factor that triggers the development of rhinitis. To help the kid Komarovsky advises to wash his nose for 5 days.
Take particular care with household cleaning products. Aggressive components of detergents may cause allergies.
Important! Komarovsky advises mothers to maintain cleanliness in the house. In the kid’s room need to do wet cleaning at least 1 time a day.
Komarovsky tips for Troubleshooting common cold
Treatment of rhinitis in infants, according to Dr. Komarovsky is in compliance with certain rules:
- Regularly ventilate the room 3 times a day regardless of the weather outside. The child should not be located at this point in the room.
- It is recommended to do a wet cleaning, 2 times a day. This will help to avoid infection of the baby harmful bacteria.
- Optimal indoor humidity should be around 50%, and the temperature is around 20-22 degrees. Read more about the moisture characteristics for a child here.
- To eliminate the sniffles using washes. To this end, the baby drops prescribed on the basis of sea water.
Pay attention to how the baby breathes. Grunting sounds may indicate too dry air in the nursery. Be sure to check the humidity level in the room. Extraneous sounds during breathing may occur due to defects of the nasal septum.
How long to treat runny nose in infants
The process of treatment of the child Komarovsky advises to start with the creation of conditions conducive to recovery. To remove pus accumulates in the sinuses you can buy in the pharmacy a small pear. Before the procedure, remove the tip which can cause epistaxis.
As a solution for rinsing the nose, you can use the decoction of chamomile.
Be sure to consider the possibility of allergies.
If necessary, you can purchase a saline solution, which should be administered into each nasal sinus.
After washing, you can proceed to the instillation of the drug.
To begin, thoroughly wash the dropper in boiling water. Nose drops for infants should not be too cold.
The newborn lay on your back and lock the extremities of the diaper. Then tilt your head slightly to the left and press with the finger the wing of the left nostril. The same sequence repeat for other side.
Komorowski acknowledged the effectiveness of such measures in eliminating swelling of the mucous membrane. Drops fast enough and contribute to the normalization of nasal breathing.
Among the most popular tools include Otrivin, Sanorin.
The disadvantage of such drops is addictive to the active substances.
Long-term use of such drugs can lead to atrophic changes in the mucous membranes. Komorowski believes that vasoconstrictor drops do not resolve the cause of the common cold.
With their help it is possible to achieve only temporary relief of the baby. Komarovsky advises to follow the dosage indicated in the instructions. Not all drugs are suitable for treating babies.
Important! It is necessary to consider age restrictions. Apply vasoconstrictor drops more than a week is impossible, as there may be side effects.
When to use antibiotics?
The baby’s immunity is in its formative stages.
The child can get infected from a person infected by viruses or bacteria.
To treat infectious coryza by using a vasoconstrictor drops is useless.
Swelling of the nose and the mucus is symptoms of the common cold. You need to fight the cause of the disease.
Doctors prescribe infants at 3 months of antibiotics only in extreme cases, as antibiotics can cause serious harm to the child.
Drugs are oil-based
In order not to damage the delicate mucous membranes of the nose newborn need to lubricate them with oil solutions. But before you start treatment Komarovsky advises to consult with your doctor. To ease the removal of the dried nose crust, you can use the preparation of cough.
To avoid the onset of symptoms of the common cold Komarovsky advises parents:
- Dress the baby according to climatic conditions. It is impossible to prevent overcooling of the child.
- In the nursery you need to keep clean, as curious children lick unfamiliar objects in the process of learning.
- The child’s immunity can be improved by proper nutrition. The baby should not experience a shortage of vitamins and minerals.
- It is best to avoid crowds during outbreaks of colds.
Komorowski believes that it is necessary to treat not the symptoms of rhinitis, and the cause of the disease. You need to know what factors can trigger intense the mucus.
A runny nose in a toddler may be due to hypothermia. The situation is compounded by the fact that the immune system of the newborn is in the formative stage. The kid is not able to resist pathogenic microorganisms.
The baby can become infected by contact with an infected person. It is best to avoid crowds. Boost immunity may be due to regular walks in the fresh air.
Often suffer from allergies babies on artificial feeding. Cause of rhinitis can be the mother’s diet. The risk of allergic rhinitis increases with the consumption of food containing large quantity of various additives. These dishes may provoke the kid has bouts of allergic rhinitis.
In the nursery need daily to do wet cleaning. Dust and pet dander are considered to be strong allergens.