Sensorineural hearing loss: treatment 1-4 degrees
How to treat sensorineural hearing loss of various degrees?
Today, people are increasingly faced with the problems of hearing loss, regardless of the patient’s age and rhythm of life. Hearing loss was diagnosed in about every second person of advanced age and one in five young people. It is known that even the slightest loss of hearing acuity can cause a serious complication, so it is important to start treatment at the first stage.
So consider what it is sensorineural hearing loss in adults read more, and determine the proper treatment methods in this article.
What is the hearing loss and its main features
In most cases, treatment of sensorineural hearing loss in the early stages goes smoothly, and the patient returns sensitivity to the sounds in the absolute version. But in a later appeal to professionals, many revealed bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, which, unfortunately, is practically not amenable to medical treatment.
A sharp decrease in hearing can occur due to many factors. But first let us examine the very concept of hearing loss.
Hearing loss is a partial or complete hearing loss, in which case people do not understand it at arm’s length. In some cases, patients can’t make out the whispers or loud speech. These factors cause extremely unpleasant moments, in which the patient can be awkward.
With hearing loss people often asks what can be a signal about the beginning of the formation of the disease.
Hearing loss is quite common as the elderly and infants.
Symptoms of hearing loss in the early stages can be confused with otitis or other ear disease, but to recognize the inflammation as soon as possible.
In 80 percent of cases, the hearing loss is acute. If handled at an early stage, the patient is returned one hundred percent hearing.
However, as statistics shows, the later a person applies for medical assistance, the less likely to recover fully.
Among the main symptoms are following:
- hearing loss;
- disruption of the ossicles;
- lack of understanding of human speech;
- frequent dizziness;
- education unusual sounds in the ears;
- nausea and vomiting.
In young children the symptoms are developmental delay, as well as a violation of perception, ignoring the loud sounds.
The cause of the disease can be inflammation, colds, flu, ear infection or measles. Very often these causes occur in children. In older patients the appearance of hearing loss associated with work in noisy places, and atherosclerosis or complication of viral diseases. Another common cause is age-related changes.
Hearing loss can be acquired, and congenital. In this case, the causes of chronic sensorineural hearing loss can be congenital anomalies.
When inflammation of a chronic hearing loss should explore the family tree, because in most cases, hearing loss is hereditary form.
Congenital hearing loss formed the pathological changes in the structure of the ears. This factor is uncontrollable, because the formation occurs in the stomach of the expectant mother. Damage during development and inflammation in the mother can lead to such a sad factor.
In addition, there is a risk of inflammation in preterm labor. According to statistics, in this case the hearing impairment is seen in five percent of newborns.
Classification of hearing loss
There are several types and forms of hearing loss. They appear due to several factors:
- 1 degree occurs when a test audiogram data highlights from 26 to 40 decibels. In this case, the patient may fail to analyze human speech at a fairly large distance. Treatment of 1 degree occurs medicamentous way;
- the 2nd stage of inflammation man examines the frequencies from 41 to 55 decibels. At this stage the patient does not distinguish between sounds and noises in a noisy environment. Treatment of 2nd degree does not require complicated procedures, and the outcome in most cases well;
- when hearing only loud speech, there comes a relative deafness of 3 degrees when one is having trouble when talking on the phone or mass communication. Testimony in the third degree the following is from 56 to 70 decibels. Treatment 3rd degree is urgently needed, so as to return the hearing is problematic;
- at 4 degrees (from 71 to 90 decibels) occurs severe hearing loss, when the patient cannot hear the words even over a short distance. Treatment 4 stage rarely ends favorably, so often patients are assigned to the hearing AIDS.
After diagnosis of hearing loss and determine its type, you need to start treatment.
To postpone in this case are strictly prohibited, as inflammation may be more serious than you think.
In most cases treatment is determined after diagnosis and determine the degree of hearing loss.
At the first stage of the treatment takes place at home with a course of medication and special exercises.
More complex types require constant monitoring of the attending physician, therefore, took place in medical institutions. At this time, necessary a special course of food, which does not include consumption of fatty and spicy dishes. The patient is forbidden to worry and to experience any physical activity.
If the defeat of the ears has reached the fourth stage, the patient has to undergo a hearing aid. Hearing AIDS are chosen for each patient individually.
In addition, with more damage functions possible ear surgical intervention, which is the implantation of certain implants in the area of the maze. They have a positive impact on the function of the hair cells and restore the patient’s hearing.
Treatment with medication and special physiotherapy exercises occurs only in the first stages, when there is a percentage of a favorable outcome. In this case, treatment tablets and drops seeks to heal the root causes that caused the complication and the emergence of hearing loss.
In sensorineural hearing loss, therapy with medications is necessary to improve blood circulation and normalization of the auditory organs.
In addition, it is important to restore cerebral blood flow and to provide stimulation for the improvement of metabolism.
The course of treatment the following:
- If you get an infection you need antibiotics from the group of aminopenicillin or cephalosporin.
- For removing harmful elements required diuretics — Furosemide, Torasemid.
- For normal metabolism of essential medicines on the basis of cocarboxylase.
- The return of brain function and improvement of blood circulation — Piracetam Cinarizin, Cerebrolysin.
Additional treatment would be hormones and vitamins.
Another method of treatment for sensorineural hearing loss can become behind-the-ear blockade . When BTE blockade drugs are administered intravenously into the region behind the ear crease enter solution of novocaine and solution trimekaina. This therapy can eliminate the pain and provide reduction in the symptoms of inflammation.
During the formation of the acute form of inflammation, the treatment should be administered in the minimum time. Finding a strong hearing impairment, you should contact the otolaryngologist. Usually, if timely treatment, the therapy lasts about two to three weeks and the patient returns sensitivity to sounds.
In 90% of cases, treatment of hearing loss in the early stages ends successfully.
In more complicated cases, when the inflammation has moved to the third or fourth stage, treatment is quite complex and lengthy. In the subacute form of inflammation, which developed about three months or chronic hearing loss, the development of more than four months, the full restoration of audibility of sounds occurs in extremely rare cases.