Sinusitis and surgery how is and complications
How is surgery for the sinusitis?
Acute or chronic disease of the mucous membrane in the inner part of the frontal sinuses is called sinusitis. This disease occurs against a background of sinusitis as a dangerous complication, so treatment of the disease requires an integrated approach. In the early stages of the disease can be cured by the conservative method using various anti-inflammatory medicines. But when complications the patient is often prescribed surgical impact. Puncture of the frontal sinus when sinusitis acts as a necessity in acute period, not amenable to standard treatment.
Surgical treatment of this type of sinusitis requires puncture. During the operation the patient opened frontal sinus nasal cavity and remove various growths and purulent accumulations, and restore function of mucous membrane with an antiseptic medicines. A puncture in the front in the most part appears as a necessity, but to avoid surgery can be timely treatment of all respiratory diseases.
Conservative treatment of sinusitis
The standard treatment of sinusitis involves the use of medicines. Certain forms of therapy do not exist, as the course of treatment depends on the form of the disease, its stage, and characteristics of the patient.
During diagnosis the physician identifies the symptoms and contributing factors of the disease. So the sooner you contact the clinic, the more likely to avoid complications.
For the effective treatment of frontal sinusitis specialist assigns the following procedures:
- The first thing you need to reduce the swelling of mucosal tissues. To do this, the patient receiving prescribed antihistamine medicines, Sinupret, Sinuforte, Cinnabsin.
- If the disease becomes complications the doctor prescribes systemic antibiotic medicines — Augmentin, Amoxicillin, Ampicil, Ceftriaxone, Axetil, Cefotaxime.
- For local impact drops Bioparox, Polideksa, Izofra.
- It is important to eliminate the swelling with drops Naphazoline, Nazivin, Vibrocil, Galazolin.
- Sinusitis occurs with increased temperature. To facilitate the patient’s condition required Effective antipyretic drugs, Nurofen, Nise.
- To thin out the selection are appointed mucolytics – Acetylcysteine, Fluimucil, Gelomyrtol, Sinupret, Cinnabsin.
- In the course of treatment in each case includes anti — inflammatory drugs- Nasonex, Flixonase, Erespal. They reduce the symptoms of the disease and restore the functions of the frontal sinus.
In addition to these medicines, the patient must daily wash the nose with the help of specialized solutions. In some cases, the doctor may advise you to prepare a decoction for the rehabilitation yourself. To do this, use medicinal plants, which can be purchased at the pharmacy.
After taking drugs and feel better, the patient can prescribe some physiotherapy. They include UHF, thermotherapy, wash with a cuckoo kvartsevanie.
To physical therapy only in the absence of temperature and purulent secretions.
How is surgery for the sinusitis
If the standard treatment has been unsuccessful, your doctor may prescribe urgent surgical impact. This is necessary when a large accumulation of pus that can’t leave the frontal sinus and the nasal cavity alone.
If the operation is not spend on time, the patient there is a risk of formation of brain abscesses, and blood poisoning. In some cases the patient can present with osteomyelitis of the bones of the nasal cavity and skull.
To avoid the risk of complications, and to cure the sinusitis completely, it is necessary to conduct the puncture of the frontal sinus. During the operation, the specialist removes any purulent congestion, and sinus washes with special solutions. After the rehabilitation treatment of the mucous membranes of potent antiseptics.
Operation in sinusitis is done only after the tests, x-rays and many other studies.
Operation on the frontal sinus can be carried out on the frontal part or by introducing the necessary needles through the nasal passage. Choose the type of surgery you need with the help of a doctor after a thorough diagnosis.
Surgery directly on the forehead can leave some defects, so doctors prefer internal exposure.
With abundant accumulation of purulent secret after puncture sinuses, the surgeon puts a drain through which will pass the outflow of fluid. It must be removed five days after surgery.
Operation on the frontal sinus is considered easy and takes about twenty minutes. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The puncture usually heals after one week.
How long does it take for rehabilitation
The standard treatment of sinusitis takes about three weeks, but the surgical influence the improvement of health occurs on the third day after surgery.
Full recovery takes about ten days to be carried out in a hospital.
At this time the patient must take antibiotics daily to rinse the nasal cavity specialized fibrestore. These procedures will help to avoid complications.
When it is impossible to carry out the operation
Contraindications to surgery is systemic inflammation, as well as the age of fourteen.
Inflammation of the frontal sinuses may cause many processes.
Even after surgical treatment there is a risk of complications.
Most often patients are diagnosed the beginning of the inflammatory process in the neighboring sinuses. This happens if the pus was not eliminated completely.
Upon transfer of secretions of the paranasal sinuses, the formation of acute sinusitis or sphenoiditis.
Other complications of sinusitis include:
- Education acute or chronic ethmoiditis.
- Swelling of the eyelids and tissue of the orbit.
- Abscess of the eyelids.
- Complications within the skull, meningitis, brain abscess.
In extremely severe cases there is a risk of sepsis. Blood poisoning occurs together with other diseases, particularly dangerous for health and life of the patient.
Prevention of sinusitis
To avoid the risk of sinusitis must be on time and properly treat all catarrhal inflammation. Rhinitis, colds, flu and acute respiratory viral infections cause serious complications, so appropriate treatment will be the best prevention.
In addition, it is important to strengthen the immune system and strengthen the body. Try not SuperCool, do sports and lead an active lifestyle.