Sinusitis during pregnancy: how and what to treat, the treatment at home

How to treat sinusitis during pregnancy?

Sinusitis associated with rhinitis, viral diseases, bacterial infections. When cold the exit from the maxillary sinus is closed, where there is an accumulation of pus. Infection adversely affects the course of pregnancy.

In General practice for this purpose, decongestants, AMIC-procedure, puncture, antibiotics. But, how to treat sinusitis during pregnancy so as not to harm the expectant mother with a vulnerable immune system and kid, which is laying the vital organs and systems?

Types and symptoms

The nose is directly connected with the cavities located in the lower jaw and of the frontal part of the face, is the close proximity to the brain, organs of vision. The maxillary and frontal sinuses open into the middle nasal meatus. Its peculiarity consists in the structure. Is the ethmoid bone, which becomes inflamed mucous in any cold causing anastomosis of the maxillary and frontal sinus overlap, blocking the access of air.

Sinusitis, a term which indicates that nearby the nasal cavity become inflamed. Inflammation happens:

  • virus;
  • bacterial;
  • fungal;
  • allergic.

In a closed sinus, where they began to breed pathogens, accumulated pus. This sinusitis is a complication of acute viral infection manifesting classic symptoms:

  1. Nasal congestion.
  2. The secretions from the nose.
  3. A violation of smell.
  4. Dull, aching pain, with tendency of increase in the tilt of the head.

Acute sinusitis takes place over 3 weeks. The inability to heal the inflammation for 3 weeks he says about the allergic nature of the disease.

Important! Condition is not only uncomfortable tolerated by the mother, but causes hypoxia of the fetus , leading to complications in the patient.

Reasons

The occurrence of sinusitis in pregnancy is associated with hormonal changes in the body and also with the susceptibility of the mucosa of the nasopharynx to negative environmental factors. Runny nose in early pregnancy appears more often.

Cause of sinusitis can be bad teeth or a bad trip to the dentist. The maxillary sinus is in contact with the upper jaw, where is the top row of teeth. During dental treatment, dentist can get into the maxillary sinus, and with careful seal – to penetrate the material. This intervention provokes consequences in the form of chronic form of sinusitis is often fungal.

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Treatment of sinusitis in pregnant women

Different types of sinusitis require being treated differently. Viral inflammation usually resolves on its own in the treatment of the underlying disease, without the need for punctures and antibiotics, if you do not show signs of joined bacterial infection. Purulent bacterial sinusitis requires intensive therapy.

Unpleasant happens colds during pregnancy when you need to take special precautions when treatment with medications.

Acute sinusitis in a pregnant woman caused by viruses, not treated with pharmacological products. The body of the mother with proper care it is able to cope with the virus. With SARS, the main rule — to prevent drying of the mucus of the respiratory tract. This will require:

  1. The use of saline solutions for nasal lavage.
  2. Drink plenty of liquids.
  3. Inhalation.
  4. Regular airing, moisture of the premises.

The fight against sinusitis is primarily the regular washing of the nose using a medical pear, syringe, pipette. The solution prepared from the rate of half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm boiled water. Frequency – every 2 hours.

Attention! Treatment of sinusitis is based on a set of measures to restore drainage, and the suppression of inflammatory processes in the sinuses.

Treatment complications

If viral infection is complicated by bacterial, then an impromptu balloon valvuloplasty during pregnancy in the home is not allowed – you need to consult a doctor. Always raises the question of the application of drops of specific drugs. The use of a vasoconstrictor to eliminate runny nose, difficulty breathing during pregnancy has a number of limitations:

  1. It is not recommended to use a vasoconstrictor drops. Should be limited to 2-3 days of their application during the acute period of the disease.
  2. Sufficient quantity for backfilling and eliminating the symptoms — not more than a couple drops of the drug in each nasal passage.
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Overused vasoconstrictors because they are addictive, penetrate to the digestive tract by exerting generalized effects on the body.

Safe and effective medicines are natural remedies, for example, based on sea water. It is composed of sulfates, microcarbon, chlorides of sodium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, selenium which contribute to the safe recovery of pregnant women.

Apply preparations based on sea water can 3-4 times per day for 2-3 weeks. Popular pharmacy means emit sprays and drops Akvamaris, Physiomer, and other means.

The presence of the classic symptoms of sinusitis – an occasion to antibiotic treatment. For pregnant women in difficult cases, apply a gentle antibacterial agent, acting on the embryo. Note the following from them:

  • Azithromycin;
  • Augmentin;
  • Spiramycin.

Antibiotics for pregnant women with sinus injection or taken in pill form.

Features! The principle of antibiotic treatment – moderate dose and the confidence of the physician that antibiotic therapy exceed potential side effects.

Homeopathy – an alternative to antibiotic therapy, which is based on the use of drugs with minimal portions of the active substance, combined with the characteristics of the patient. Popular among them are:

  • Nose;
  • Euphorbium compositum;
  • Cinnabsin.

Homeopathic medicines act to strengthen protective forces of an organism of the pregnant woman and require time-consuming, therefore, assigned as an additional measure to traditional methods. The duration of treatment is only within the competence of ENT.

Treatment folk methods

Folk remedies and herbs has not been canceled, but you have to be careful, because some medicinal plants contraindicated in pregnancy. To important medicines for nasal lavage include:

  • infusion of plantain;
  • the leaves of the strawberries;
  • infusion of Hypericum;
  • a solution of chamomile, sage.
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For inhalation, essential oils are used, having the properties to kill germs. Topical massage with circular movements okolonosovyh region, sides of nose, bridge of nose and rubbing in this oil, which is warmed by the fingers.

Zadovolennya drops is one of the home remedies which are not difficult to make at home. Tannin contained in tea, and soda there are in any economy. Drops are made as follows:

  1. A teaspoon of black tea brew a Cup of boiling water.
  2. Strain the infusion.
  3. Add the teaspoon of baking soda.

Bury 2-3 times a day 1-2 pipettes for each nostril. After applying the drops it is recommended to clear the sinuses of mucus, in other words, to blow his nose.

Drops home kits can be prepared from the juice of vegetables and fruits. For getting rid of sinusitis fit the juice of carrot and Apple. They are well soften and drain the nasal mucosa.

Treatment of sinusitis without puncture, pain and antibiotics for the period of carrying a child is a timely assistance and a comprehensive adoption of prevention measures. If symptoms greatly annoy, violate nasal breathing, interfere with sleep, should visit a doctor to exclude bacterial or allergic sinusitis.