Sinusitis in a child 3 years of age: the symptoms and treatment in young children
How to treat sinusitis in a child of 3 years?
Inflammation in one or both paranasal sinuses is called sinusitis. With sinusitis can be treated with medication, and the acute need for assigned surgical impact. Despite the vastness of the proposed medications, the symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in a child of 3 years can be significantly different from treatment in adults. So at the first sign of illness you need to consult a doctor.
In medical statistics, sinusitis in 3 years is uncommon. This inflammation is accompanied by a prolonged pathological process in the paranasal sinuses and purulent accumulation of secretions in the nasal cavity. For anatomical features, the kids of the maxillary sinus is very tiny and the accumulated pus in the cavity causes strong pain, feeling of pressure, discomfort in the frontal sinus and other symptoms.
Symptoms of inflammation
The inflammatory process in the paranasal sinuses in children is rare. The fact that the maxillary sinus in children three years and younger has not yet formed, so the formation of sinusitis allocated to the secret nowhere to accumulate.
If you have children in five years, the pus accumulates in antrum of Highmore, causing a range of symptoms, from very young children to be allocated a secret penetrates into the cavity of the nose or throat. In this case, there is definite clinical picture.
If the maxillary sinus is formed earlier than usual, then there is a risk of sinusitis and very young children.
To determine the presence of the inflammatory process by corresponding symptoms, but they cannot always be diagnosed immediately.
Because of their age, the child is not always able to explain the localization of unpleasant sensations and other symptoms that concerned him.
In such a situation, parents need to focus on the child’s behavior, and not to delay a visit to a qualified physician.
To notice the first symptoms is possible after a careful study of the nasal cavity, as well as drawing attention to the child’s behavior.
The standard symptoms include:
- moodiness, screaming and crying;
- frequent touch handles to the affected area;
- signs of intoxication;
- reduced activity, loss of interest in favorite toys;
- refusal to eat;
- the accumulation of mucus;
- the lack of nasal breathing;
- swelling of the cheeks and eyes.
If you notice a change in behavior and signs of intoxication should immediately contact the doctor. Keep in mind that sinusitis in young children is dangerous for its consequences and complications.
How to treat sinusitis in a child 3 years
Before the treatment of sinusitis, you need to establish a clear diagnosis and determine the cause of the inflammation. Otherwise, medical therapy can be ineffective.
Usually the inflammation is in such a small age, treated with complex therapy, which includes administration of antibacterial drugs, protivogaznyh means of nasal drops for constriction of blood vessels, as well as various medicines to thin the mucus.
Choose the drug alone is not possible as it is important to know all the characteristics of inflammation and characteristics of the organism.
- Often with maxillary sinusitis in young children prescribers that can destroy bacterial infection. Usually, doctors prescribe Macropen, Setroleid and other gentle medications.
- If the sinus was formed from the baby up to three years, the specialist prescribe eye drops combined action. Such drops or sprays include Phenylephrine or Polideksa. They are able to thin out the mucus and gently remove them from the body.
- If there is a risk of serious side effects, the doctor prescribes drugs for intramuscular doses. Pick up tool is required, taking into account age, height and weight of the baby, as well as its individual characteristics. Usually, experts prescribe Meropenem, Cefuroxime, Cefotaxim.
Need to clarify if the sinusitis occurs without acute symptoms and complications, the doctor may cancel antibacterial therapy.
In addition, antibiotics are not assigned in the case of viral inflammation of the paranasal sinuses or in the case of strong immune system.
But to get rid of bacterial sinusitis only by using combined antibiotics of local action. So do not ignore the doctor’s advice and follow all the dosage, so as not to harm the little body.
Typically, effective against bacteria, the baby is prescribed antibiotics . Be prepared for this process and note that the average course of treatment of sinusitis lasts about fourteen days.
If the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, caused allergic reactions, a little patient is prescribed antihistamines. Such medications must be taken in conjunction with the already listed medicines. In addition, you must set the type of allergen and eliminate it in the shortest possible time.
Sometimes sinusitis creates a deviated nasal septum. In this process, the treatment begins with exposure to the root cause.
If conservative treatment failed, a little patient waiting for surgery. During the operation, a puncture of the maxillary sinus, but it should be noted that such a method for the treatment of children is rarely used.
Typically, doctors are looking for a more gentle effect, but if there’s no other way, the surgery is performed under local anesthesia.
If possible, perform a lumbar puncture only in extreme cases.
To get rid of sinusitis in a child completely without physical therapy impossible.
Choose the appropriate procedure with the help of a pediatrician.
When selecting procedures it is important to consider the mechanism of development of inflammation.
Most often, the doctor prescribes treatments can improve blood circulation and reduce swelling in the mucosa of the nasopharynx.
In addition, it is important to remove all the pus from the maxillary sinuses. To achieve these goals typically used UHF-therapy, ultrasound, and ultraviolet irradiation.
When a family has a child, it is important to observe all possible preventive measures. So that sinus has left you out, try to treat all the inflammation in the Airways at the time. In addition, quenched the child’s body and watch his diet.
Install in a living room humidifier and spend daily wet cleaning. If you find any signs of illness take the necessary measures.