Sinusitis in children: symptoms and treatment, signs, and how to treat
How and what is sinusitis in children?
Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses in children occurs much more often in older people. Sinusitis can appear even after a common cold or flu. Any viral infection in children can cause the appearance of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses or the maxillary region, as the child’s body is still weak and not always can fight pathogens.
Sinusitis in children 2 years and older is extremely dangerous because it is uncontrollable consequences. It is therefore particularly important to know the symptoms and first signs of sinusitis in children of all ages. Such information will help moms and dads to diagnose inflammation and begin the necessary treatment.
Signs of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses
Inflammatory processes in the maxillary sinuses is called sinusitis. The maxillary sinus is connected with holes and mouths in the nasal cavity so that any leakage of microorganisms in the cavity causes serious ailments. Most often inflammation in this cavity begins to torment runny nose and nasal congestion.
Such manifestations should call the attention of a caring parent.
We know that if you start treatment cure at this stage, the risk of chronic sinusitis or acute symptoms of the disease is reduced by several times.
But given the peculiarity of the anatomy of the child’s body, runny nose instantly provokes the appearance of various pathological processes in the maxillary sinus.
For this reason, rhinitis can cause sinusitis, a few hours after the onset of a cold. So if you wondered is whether children sinusitis due to colds or flu accompanied by runny nose, you need to be sure of the positive answer.
It is for this reason that doctors recommend to treat acute rhinitis under control of the therapist, preventing other pathological processes. Self-treatment can lead to undesirable consequences. But how to define and identify sinusitis in a child, if the baby is breast or in connection with age may not tell you about tormenting the symptoms?
Needless to say, sinusitis is of several forms, and the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses of the baby 3 years old is different from an illness of 7 years and older. In any case, inflammation in the maxillary sinuses requires a certain treatment and attention.
The main cause of sinusitis in children regardless of age – is a penetration into the organism of pathogenic viral infection.
It may appear during the development of respiratory disease or after injury to the nose, abnormal development of the dentition, or reduce the protective functions of you body.
Thus the child having horrible signs of sinusitis. These include nasal congestion, which intensifies by night. Thus, the baby can’t sleep and is very fussy. Violation of nasal breathing is dangerous in children, because the baby can suffocate or choke while eating.
Other common signs of sinusitis in children include:
- strong pain in head, pain in temples;
- unpleasant sensations in the frontal sinus, pain on the inflamed part of the face;
- in the case of a tilt of the head or a sharp turn the baby experiencing shooting sensations;
- sneezing and coughing;
- inflammation in the nasal sinuses;
- dryness of the nasal mucosa;
- pathological changes in the structure of the nasal sinuses;
- nasal congestion due to the large accumulations of pus ;
- a strong increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees Celsius;
- inflammation of one or both of the paranasal sinuses;
- pain on palpation of the frontal sinus or nose;
- swelling of the nasal mucosa;
- swelling of the face or cheeks;
- strong mucus from the sinuses;
- deterioration in General health;
- change the color of the face;
- loss of appetite;
- the voice changes, formation of nasal;
- the sleep disturbance.
How to understand that the child has sinusitis can be due to additional features.
If you notice a severe change in the child’s behavior, the appearance of moodiness, a decrease in the activity necessary to carry out several exercises.
Click on the nose of the child. When severe screaming or crying, you need to go to the hospital, as is likely, the baby is formed sinusitis. Refusal of food, and sleep disturbance also indicate the beginning of the inflammatory process, which can lead to uncontrolled consequences.
Note the color of the face. If it is changed it is necessary to pay attention to the child’s behavior and ask about the health. Often, apathy is indicative of ill health of the child.
Other signs of the formation of sinusitis include violation of the susceptibility of odors.
If the baby was very cranky, had a fever, chills, dryness and sore throat you need to seek medical help. This is the first that signals the beginning of a negative process in the organism of the child.
The standard treatment of sinusitis
Before treatment you should consult with your doctor. To decide how to treat sinusitis in children only by a qualified specialist. After diagnosing the type and nature of the disease, it is necessary to start taking medication. Follow the dosage products and not break the rules of the medication.
First we need to clear the nasal passages.
To do this, use «saline» or «Akvamaris», but you can use a different salt solutions prepared in the home.
Nasal rinses contribute to the improvement of nasal breathing and partially eliminate the swelling of mucous membrane. In addition, the active components of the drugs promote the wetting and improving flow of mucus.
In addition to the specialized solutions, rinse the nose with saline solution of furatsilina. This method is necessary in the formation of purulent secretions. Accumulation of pus in the paranasal sinuses can trigger further inflammation, for example, in the shell of the brain, which is especially dangerous for the baby.
Lavage is recommended for children over 6 years.
For the treatment of children under 5 years of age, you must use vasoconstrictor nasal drops, designed specifically for kids.
Such drugs include «Nazol-bebi», «Vibrocil» and others.
Keep in mind that these drugs have only a temporary effect, reducing the symptoms of acute sinusitis. Treatment in this case requires a more thorough and lengthy. Can not do without the help of a doctor.
Do not use vasoconstrictor drugs for a long time. One of the main side effects of these drugs is addictive. This can lead to serious pathological changes in the nose.
In the case of acute symptoms of the disease the patient is prescribed antibiotics. But many antibiotics banned for treatment of children, therefore, to determine the degree of inflammation and prescribe antibiotics can be a doctor.
Often, specialists prescribe medicines penicillin or cephalosporin.
In addition to antibiotics, children 4 years prescribed antihistamine medicines. They are needed to relieve swelling and restore the functions of breathing.
In acute period of inflammation of the small patients can assign puncture.
This operation is necessary when the swelling of the mucous membrane persists even after drug treatment, and the outflow of pus does not occur for a long time.
Puncture of the maxillary sinus under the strict supervision of several specialists.
To further carry out the cleansing of pus from the sinuses with antiseptic solutions and leave drainage. It is necessary for further washing.
The symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children, you need to determine with the help of a child therapist. Self-cure kids can cause chronic form of sinusitis or more serious consequences.