Sinusitis: what it is, symptoms and treatment in adults and children

Sinusitis: symptoms and treatment in adults and children

Sinusitis is a serious complication usual catarrhal rhinitis, characterized by a prolonged course and lack of adequate treatment. The main risk of this complication is the fact that its an inflammatory lesion is in close proximity to the brain. Therefore, to begin therapy immediately after the detection of this disease. For those who have been diagnosed with catarrhal sinusitis, what is it and how to fight it – will be the subject of our article.

What is sinusitis and what are its types

Sinusitis is a type of sinusitis in which the inflamed one or more, located in the frontal lobes, sinuses. It usually develops in protracted rhinitis or infectious diseases, characterized by low immunity, for example, measles and influenza.

For the duration of the flow front is divided into the following forms:

  • Sharp;
  • Recurrent;
  • Chronic.

The acute form occurs after inflammation of the nasal cavity into the frontal bone in the area of the naso-frontal canal.

In the absence of adequate treatment, it will go very fast chronic (lasting 3 months or more and requires surgical intervention), resulting in the defeat of the other paranasal sinuses. Therefore, to consult a doctor immediately upon detection of one or more symptoms, which will be discussed below.

Recurrent form differs from chronic that lasts 20-60 days, repeated several times a year, but responds well to conservative treatment.

Signs and symptoms of sinusitis

Symptoms of acute sinusitis quite often masquerade as signs of other diseases of ENT organs. Their presence can only assume the development of this disease, but not diagnose.

Signs of sinusitis without nasal discharge, is:

  • Painful headache;
  • Photophobia;
  • Swelling of the soft tissue in the corner of the eye;
  • Swelling of the anterior end of the shell average of the nose;
  • Hyperemia mucosa;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Subfebrile body temperature;
  • General malaise.

Complements the clinical picture of acute sinusitis reinforce all the above symptoms at night, the appearance of the nasal discharge of thick mucus purulent or serous appearance, and tooth and ear pain.

In chronic sinusitis all of the above symptoms persist, but in a slightly blurred form. Complement can pain in the region of the upper sinuses, which becomes more perceptible in a horizontal position, the expectoration in the mornings and the exit of pus from the nasal passages.

Appear all of these symptoms at once, but gradually. And provoke their development of a variety of reasons, on which we will discuss below.

The causes of sinusitis

What is sinusitis, a photo of which can be found on our website, we have already found. Now let’s talk about what causes its development. All of them are connected with the penetration into the body of viral, bacterial and fungal infections. Rarely the disease develops following trauma to the nose or in contact with it foreign bodies, which often happens in children during the first years of life.

Thus, the main causes of sinusitis are:

  • Gorgonopsidae rhinitis of any etiology;
  • Adenoiditis;
  • Nasal polyposis;
  • Bronchial asthma;
  • Vasomotor rhinitis;
  • Staphylococcal and streptococcal infection;
  • A deviated septum;
  • Allergies;
  • A foreign body in the sinuses.

All of the above conditions can cause acute sinusitis, symptoms and treatment in adults and children we just discussed in this article. But before starting your way of getting rid of this disease, you need to make the right diagnosis. And will this modern diagnostic and laboratory equipment, which is equipped with modern medical centers.

Diagnosis of sinusitis

In our days, the diagnosis of this disease is not difficult. After you have listened to the complaints and reviewed the medical history of the patient, the doctor usually appoints the rhinoscopy of the nose, which allows to determine:

  • The condition of the mucous membrane;
  • The presence of edema or swelling;
  • Polyps or other neoplasms;
  • The location of the foci of infection.

In addition to this informative survey, the patient undergoes an ultrasound procedure, where it turns out the affected area of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, endoscopy to exclude the possible presence of a deviated nasal septum, chest x-ray to determine the exact foci of inflammation and swollen areas.

And after the final diagnosis, assigned a laboratory study of cultures from the nose to identify the pathogen of this disease and its resistance to certain drugs. Upon completion of all diagnostic procedures, you can go to the treatment of this disease.

The principles of treatment of sinusitis

Presently, the network is repeatedly you can find ads from private clinics that offer the treatment of sinusitis in 2 days. But, unfortunately, this disease is so quickly treated. Patients in need of inpatient treatment or carry out all necessary procedures at home. Effective therapy aimed at getting rid of sinusitis will be comprehensive, it will include:

  • Vasoconstrictor drops;
  • Antibacterial drugs;
  • Antihistamines;
  • Homeopathy;
  • Traditional medicines;
  • Analgesics;
  • Drugs to support intestinal flora.

Antibiotics for sinusitis are assigned only in the acute form of the disease.

The choice of an antibacterial drug will depend on the kind of bacteria that triggered this disease. If it was a pneumococcal infection, it will be the drug tetracycline, if Haemophilus coli – Ampicillin, with a streptococcal infection prescribe products of new generation – Sumamed, Augmentin and more.

How to treat sinusitis at home will tell the doctor, but sometimes, to do without surgery is not possible. Surgical treatment is indicated in advanced forms of the disease when conservative treatment the desired result does not. Therefore, in order to prevent this, you should strictly follow all doctor’s recommendations, including those relating to national treatment of this disease and physiotherapy.

At home effective in this disease will be warming the affected sinus okolonosovyh rice, rinsing the nasal passages of soda-saline, damp inhalations, which will facilitate the expectoration of mucus and pus. The most popular treatment of sinusitis at home without puncture folk remedies will consist of the following procedures:

  • Steam inhalation over hot potatoes, broth, Bay leaf, boiling the mixture of water, garlic and Apple cider vinegar;
  • Burying his nose in the juice of Kalanchoe;
  • Warming the fronto-nasal sinuses with hot sand in the bag.

The regular holding of these procedures, along with prescribed medication will cause the disease to retreat.

Features of the course of sinusitis in children

If diagnosed with sinusitis, the symptoms and treatment in children will have a number of features. Associated, primarily, with the fact that kids because of their age can’t define your feelings and exactly articulate they present symptoms of the disease. Parents should alert:

  • Paleness of the face and swelling;
  • The twang of a voice;
  • Cough in the morning;
  • Complaints of stuffy ears and headache that occurs when tilting the head;
  • Foul odor from standing out from the nose of mucus.

The appearance of at least one of these symptoms requires immediate treatment to baby Laura for diagnosis and appointment of complex treatment.

Possible complications

Untreated chronic sinusitis, symptoms and treatment at home which we have reviewed above, might lead to a number of complications, among which we can mention the following serious illnesses:

  • Sore throat;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Bronchitis;
  • Osteoperiosteal;
  • Meningitis.

In addition, prolonged presence of purulent content in the paranasal sinuses can cause a General blood infection, and the spread of inflammatory foci in the brain to provoke an abscess of the brain.

Therefore, to treat this disease is necessary, and to take measures for its prevention, such as:

  • The General strengthening of the immune system and a hardening of the body;
  • Timely treatment of colds and allergies;
  • The avoidance of trauma of the nose and the ingress of foreign bodies.

This will allow to avoid development of this disease, and quickly deal with it will help early diagnosis and integrated treatment, carried out under the supervision of a physician.

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