Snot on the rear wall of the child and the adult: treatment, coughing because of the snot
How to treat snot on the back wall?
Rear rhinitis or nasopharyngitis is an inflammatory process affecting the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx. The pathology often has a viral etiology and manifested by the effects of respiratory diseases. Less anatomical changes provoke antigens, bacteria, hypothermia or heat stroke.
The course of acute nasopharyngitis accompanied by a dry cough, increased body temperature, runny nose, discomfort in throat and paranasal sinuses. There are a large number of therapeutic treatment options of snot on the rear wall of the child and the adult. Effective method for each clinical case is an otolaryngologist individually.
How and what to treat snot on the back wall
In response to the defeat of the soft tissues by viruses and bacteria, the body produces an excessive amount of secretory discharge. The accumulation of mucus in the pharyngeal ring irritates the receptors of the cough reflex, resulting in a coughing because of the snot on the rear wall.
The forced exhalations through the mouth worse at night. This explains the fact that when a person takes a horizontal position, the phlegm does not find a way out, begins to flow down the cavity behind the nose and the procedure for palatinal ie palatal arches.
For reference! Mucus pass through the vomiting center, so you can provoke involuntary, forceful expulsion of the stomach contents (vomiting).
Therapy of rhinovirus infection in adults and children starts with the relief of runny nose and bouts of unproductive cough. Convulsive exhalations with the secretion of the bronchi indicate serious pathological changes, complications of the inflammatory process.
Antiseptic effective against pathogens proved salt. For solution preparation need a glass of purified water (t 36-38°C), incomplete teaspoon of table or sea salt, 1 drop of iodine. For the treatment of children the concentration of active reagent is reduced to 10-15 grams per liter of water.
Rinse the head well thrown back, so that the liquid as much as possible wash the area of the larynx, bleeding in the nasopharynx. Suspension removes the accumulation of mucus, removes from the body of a pathogenic agent, relieves pain, accelerates the regeneration of epithelium.
In infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract effective will rinse with the addition of eucalyptus. The complex composition of herbal product is represented in more than 40 components that determine bacteriostatic and immunomodulatory, antiseptic and expectorant action.
Due to the alcohol content in the tincture is not recommended for children under 3 years of age and with hypersensitivity of the organism to individual components. A solution based on 200 ml. of water and 20 drops of essential oil. Manipulation is carried out every hour until complete recovery.
For reference! Healing properties of oil of geranium, lavender, bergamot, tea tree.
The combination of the external treatment with an internal receiving positive dynamics, speeds up the healing process. The infusion of eucalyptus prepared as follows: to a glass of boiled water to fill a tablespoon of dry raw materials, to insist half an hour. Take 20-30 ml 3-4 times a day.
Synthetic products with a wide variety of product forms: sprays, pills, lozenges, mouthwash. Predominantly used in combination therapy.
The main purpose of the inhibition of the synthesis of pathogenic strains, preventing the development of viral and bacterial forms of acute nasopharyngitis. The drugs aimed at the formation of the immune system, acceleration of epithelialization of soft tissues.
Antibacterial drugs active in the initial stages of the inflammatory process, because acting on the intercellular level. Characterized by local manifestation, is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream, do not cause systemic reactions.
Children under 3 years are not recommended to use aerosols for irrigation of the throat, lozenges, and lollipops and lozenges can from the age of five. For young patients, the best option is the treatment of the larynx with a solution or a rinse.
Drugs are first presented:
- in the form of sprays: «Stopangin», «Hexoral spray», «Tantum Verde», «Maxexpirey», «Ingalipt»;
- tablets for sucking: «Gerbils»,»Grameen», «Ecorates», «Strepsils»;
- aerosols: «Hexapla», «Throat»;
- pastilles: «Isla-mint», «Ecosat», «Septolete», «Astrosat»;
- solutions for local application: «Lugol», «Angileks», «Chlorhexidine», «Stopangin».
Before the appointment the doctor identificeret sensitivity of pathogenic strains to the components of pharmaceutical products. The course of treatment and dosage for each case is determined by the physician based on history, physiological characteristics of the patient.
The average duration of recovery varies from 5 to 6 days, in chronic forms of inflammation – up to 10 days. With care antiseptics include in medical diagram of pregnant and nursing, individuals with a heightened sensitivity to individual components.
Antibiotics for rhinovirus infection
Treatment with antibiotics is practiced when therapy sparing medication had no positive dynamics.
Indications for prescribing are the deviations:
- increased body temperature up to subfebrile level of 38°C for 5 days and more;
- the defeat of the sinuses;
- suspicions are pneumonia;
- exacerbation of acute rhinitis rear.
The effect of antibiotics is the ability of active components to affect the pathological inflammation, contact with serum proteins lymph.
For reference! To achieve therapeutic effect to use medications need to an hour before a meal or after.
Widespread in ENT practice received three groups of pharmaceutical products:
- penicillins – «Augmentin», «Ampicillin»;
- macrolides – «Azithromycin», «Erythromycin», «Spiramycin»;
- cephalosporins – «Ceftriaxone», «Cefazolin».
Synthetic drugs are systemic and local actions. Irrigation of the mucosa using aerosol for treatment of the granules on the back of the throat – anti-bacterial solutions, are possible with oral pills and intramuscular injections.
Important! Pronounced sekretoliticheskoe and bronchiodialator properties «Mukaltin». Taking it provides relief of cough, reducing sputum viscosity, facilitating its removal.
For the complete destruction of pathogenic microorganisms it is necessary to pass ten-day course of treatment. Haphazard antibiotic therapy may reduce the effectiveness of medicinal properties, side effects.
The problem is, when snot is dripping down the back wall and the cough is always present, is solved by injection in the paranasal sinus spray. To the medicinal liquid gets on the vault of the nasopharynx, nose buried in a lying posture, with her head thrown back.
Upon completion of the procedure, the body position does not change for another 5 minutes. Depending on the etiology of the lesions of the nasopharynx, the following types of drops:
The main active ingredient is represented by fenilafrinom («Vibrocil» Pediatrics», Natalbany and Nasales»), Oxymetazoline («Nazivin», «Effect»), Xylometazoline («Otrivin», «Galazolin») and naphazoline («Nose»).
The effect of all pharmaceutical groups is to reduce nasal congestion, relieve edema, normalization of drainage function. The difference lies in the duration of therapeutic effect is 4 to 10 hours. The paranasal sinuses are irrigated every 4 hours, children up to 6 years from 2 to 3 procedures in day.
Treatment is limited to 3-5 days, if serious pathological disorders reaches milestone in 10 days. Haphazard use increases the risk of drying out of the mucosa, development of drug effect;
Part medications presented by purified sea water with impurities useful minerals: potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium chloride. Intended for mechanical cleansing of the nasal cavity, facilitating the discharge of mucus, prevent the formation of crusts.
Dosing of drugs is possible without restrictions, since they are not addictive. They are used as a preventive measure for respiratory diseases. Conduct therapeutic or hygienic procedures need to 6 times a day. Widespread in otolaryngology received the «Akvamaris», «no-Sol», «Humer», «Marimer», «Dolphin», «saline»;
Have a weak therapeutic effect. Their main purpose is the restoration of the natural breathing through the nose, alleviating symptoms of rhinitis, hydration of the epithelium of the nose. They exhibit antiseptic and anti-inflammatory activity. The effectiveness against gram-positive and gram-negative strains proved tea tree oil, eucalyptus and sea buckthorn, peppermint and Scots pine.
The presence of vitamin complex, volatile plant components of the peach and almond enhances the regenerative capacity of the epithelium creates a local immune system. If the flow snot psadna wall, then effective treatment will be «Cold», «Sinosun», «Pikovit», «Vitaon», «Evkalipt». They appoint 1-2 drops in each nostril three times a day, lasting from 5 to 10 days.
Fact! High therapeutic result showed the treatment of the paranasal sinuses essential oils. Moistened cotton swab to wipe the nose 2-3 times a day. Carefully carry out the procedure children, not to injure the mucosa.
In addition to conservative methods of treatment used recipes of traditional medicine. The effective methods include washing the nose with medicinal decoctions (chamomile, calendula, series), burying carrot or beet juice, aloe/Kalanchoe, steam inhalation.
In the menu of the patient should prevail easily digestible food, porridge, mashed potatoes, more fruits and vegetables, water.
Treatment of rhinopharyngitis in Komarovsky
Judgment of the pediatrician Eugene O. based on the fact that a runny nose is not a diagnosis but a symptom of an allergic or infectious rhinitis.
If the body does not have the influence of pathogens, we can assume that the room has aggressive stimuli, which act as catalysts for cold and cough: pet dander, dust mites, linen, soft toys.
Komarovsky recommends to perform a certain sequence of actions, if dripping snot on the back wall in an adult, child:
- every day to air the room;
- use humidifier air;
- to watch cleanliness in the house;
- regularly change the bed linen;
- to sleep with high head end of the bed. You can put an extra pillow under the mattress;
- to stay in bed with a rhinovirus infection;
- rinse nose with saline spray.
The doctor advises the use of vasoconstrictor drugs in cases of urgent need, such as at night to ensure a good night’s rest.
Symptoms of rhinopharyngitis should not be ignored. The inflammatory process, edema of the mucosa inhibit the work of the ciliated epithelium. Unrefined, cold and dry air irritates the lungs and bronchial tubes, which can be a primary cause of pneumonia, bronchitis.
The main principles of therapy the supervision of a doctor, adequate and comprehensive treatment to full recovery.