Swelling of the nasal mucosa in a newborn: what to do and the reasons
What to do if a newborn swelling of the nose?
In the period after childbirth is the adaptation of the infant to different living conditions. His restless condition can occur for various reasons, one of which is swelling of the nasal mucosa.
Many moms are interested in the question what to do if a newborn swelling of the nose? If you are diagnosed with this disease specialists assigned effective therapy.
Swelling of the nasal mucosa is a protective reaction of the child’s body on a third-party irritants. In the nasal cavity is full of blood vessels. When getting there harmful microorganisms which begins increased blood circulation, which forms a swelling of the mucous membrane. The result is a barrier impermeable to viruses and bacteria in the respiratory tract.
The main factors causing edema of the nose, include the following.
Dry air in the baby’s room
This phenomenon is able to trigger the pathology, as in the first months of life the nasal passages in a child are narrower. If you get such a air in the nasal cavity mucous membrane is dry and swollen.
This problem occurs most often in the cooler months, when the apartment is in working condition Central heating. The swelling, which appeared as a result of this factor occurs without rhinitis, and manifests itself mainly in the morning. Read more about the optimal humidity in the apartment, please click here.
This process is physiological, and it is often accompanied by the inherent condition of the nose in an infant. Along with this appear transparent mucous and salivary secretions.
Swelling occurs because of swelling of the gums, in which blood is actively circulating through the vessels, and the mouth and nasal cavity are closely interrelated with each other.
Laid the state of the nose in an infant can occur due to actions on the child’s body of the allergen. The causative agents of this disease are: household chemicals, pollen, dust particles, feathers of birds, fur of animals.
In allergic edema in infants there is a runny nose, watery eyes, eye redness, dry cough. These symptoms appear in direct contact with the allergen.
The formation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx
Can form swelling of the nose in the newborn after birth, as in the first months of life the baby continues to form the mucosa, the nasal passages because of this narrow. Regulation of mucous secretions in this period is not stable (the mucus becomes too much or not enough) appear crisp in the nose.
In the period of SARS nasal breathing, the infant difficult. Swelling provoke bacterial or viral infection. If the cause of the disease was a virus, in addition to deterioration of breath fever, child torturing pain in the head.
If viral infection of bacterial joined snot becomes thick and yellow or green tint.
Pathology of the nasal passages
Swelling of the nose can occur due to congenital abnormalities and narrowing of the nasal passages. For example, nasal breathing may be difficult due to the closure, seam haani (exit from the nose into the nasopharynx).
Infants confirmed to hypothermia or overheating, as thermoregulation of the body is not yet formed. A newborn who is very warmly dressed, sweating heavily. This promotes drying of the nasal mucosa and the development of edema.
Inflammation of the adenoids
Not so often in infants nasal congestion occurs due to this disease. Adenoiditis occurs when inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.
The result of the nasopharyngeal tonsil (adenoid tissue) swells and hipertrofiada. In addition to violations of the free breathing of a child appear mucus, snoring during sleep.
Swelling in the nasal cavity can occur due to inflammation of the sinuses. Inflammation can occur after influenza, SARS, measles or sepsis. The newborn child has mucus, often mixed with pus, a violation of the free breathing, high body temperature.
Due to swelling of the nose, the child may cease to eat normally, which subsequently affects his weight. Because of the nasal passages child’s body loses oxygen, may develop hypoxia.
Important! If congestion of the nasal cavity of an infant does not pass a long time, you may develop the chronic form of the disease. The cause of the swelling of the nose must be installed by a specialist.
Methods of treating edema in infants
Treatment of mucosal edema in infants depends on the factor of the appearance of edema, which a doctor must determine.
Depending on the causes of the disease use the following treatment methods:
- Daily moisturizing of the nasal passages wicks soaked in heated sunflower oil, regardless of the type of disease. This procedure can be done with the help of special drops, which is sea salt («Akvamaris», «saline»).
- Suctioning mucus secretion and lavage with saline («Saline», «Physiomer»). To suck the snot is necessary if accumulation of mucus in the nasal cavity of a child with special aspirator or a rubber bulb. To wash the nose of infants permitted by pipette in small amounts (2-5 drops in each nostril).
- The antihistamines in case swelling of the allergic nature. Also want to avoid the interaction of the child with allergens. For the detection of the stimulus is to visit a specialist.
- Instillation of drugs with vasoconstrictor effect («Nazivin» «Nazol bebi»). These funds are shown in viral infections. The frequency of their use and dosage is a doctor. Abuse drops may provoke more swelling of the nasal mucosa.
- Antibacterial therapy. She is appointed, if the swelling of the nose caused by bacterial diseases (sinusitis, sinusitis, sinusitis).
Important! Vasoconstrictor drops are used in rare cases only on the testimony of the attending physician.
If the infant appeared swelling of the nose, it is important to follow the following recommendations:
- Regularly ventilate the room and make wet cleaning. The air temperature must be from 18 to 22 degrees, humidity is 60-65%.
- Not to be with the child in crowded places.
- Walk with the baby at least 2 times a day.
- Avoid contact with ill people.
To find swelling of the nasal mucosa in an infant, it is necessary to start appropriate treatment, which may appoint only the doctor after a thorough examination. Inaction can result in serious negative consequences.