Swelling of the nasal mucosa in pregnancy: what and how to remove
How to remove swelling of the nose during pregnancy?
Swelling mucosa discomfort of the expectant mother, accompanied by pain, abundant formation and discharge of mucus that interferes with normal breathing. As a result, restless sleep, irritability, fatigue.
Swelling of the nose during gestation is regarded as a reflex response to pathogens, foreign elements. Over 30% of expectant mothers are faced with the problem of increasing the nasal cavities, so question, how and what to treat swelling of the nose during pregnancy topical for most women.
What triggers the pathological process
Edema of the mucosa can be observed at different stages of pregnancy. The nature of the symptomatology has various origins, is determined by the reasons for the disruption of ENT-organs.
Source of natural transformations in the body are physiological changes or pathological modifications occur on the background of diseases of internal organs and systems.
Infection by pathogenic microorganisms
A major factor why pregnant women have swollen nose, are acute respiratory infections. Often, rhinitis develops on the background of viral infection, particularly the activity of pathogens, aktiviziruyutsya in the cold season.
The action of the infectious agents leads to vulnerability of the immune system, destabilize the natural balance of microflora.
Long duration of viral infection creates favorable conditions for the development of bacterial forms. Transparent liquid, the discharge becomes thick, turn green or yellow color.
The related symptoms of the pathology include the following manifestation:
- pain in the head and neck;
- elevated body temperature;
Without therapeutic procedures increases the risk of localization of the inflammatory process in the paranasal sinuses as a result of the emergence of sinusitis.
Fact! Rhinitis of pregnancy does not pose a threat to the health of the woman and fetus subject to the timely relief of inflammatory processes.
Swelling of the nose may occur as a result of hypothermia. For women with a weakened immune system to cause the appearance of puffiness able the following manipulation:
- the refusal of the wearing of the headdress in the winter;
- eating cold food, drinks;
- conducting of hydrological processes in cold water.
Pregnant women should be extra care and vigilance to their health, especially during the peak of acute respiratory diseases.
The response of the body to allergens
The development of the clinical picture occurs against the concentration of antigens in the circulatory system, the result of the activity of which is the enlargement and inflammation of the capillaries of the nasal cavity. Vessels lose permeable ability, which leads to loss of fluid appearance of swelling.
Dedicated over 300 allergens that the body of a pregnant woman interpretered as a foreign body. The most common stimuli are represented by the following substances:
- pollen of plants;
- wool Pets;
- chemical means.
Actions of allergens provoke edema of the mucosa, watery eyes, sneezing, itching and redness of the skin.
One of the most common pathological reasons why an increase in nose during pregnancy. When a woman is in an interesting position, increases the number of progesterone in the blood, which prevents uterine contractions.
Performing a protective function, the hormone promotes the concentration of calcium in the body. Excessive amount of the mineral leads to the accumulation of fluid, resulting in swelling of the mucosa of the nasal passages.
Injuries of the nose and paranasal structures
Consequences of mechanical injuries on breathing is damage to the mucous membranes. Deformation rarely affects the bone structure, mainly localized in the soft tissue area.
Injuries of the nose are often accompanied by increased mucous membrane, as a protective reaction of the body to intervene in a natural process.
Fact! The rehabilitation period determine the individual characteristics of the organism, the degree of injury. Patients with strong immunity soft tissue regeneration is much faster than in the presence of endocrine diseases.
Pathological factors mucosal edema
The appearance of swelling of the nose on a background of chronic diseases threatens the life of the mother, health of the future baby. To disastrous phenomena are the following deviations:
- acute form of rhinitis;
- chronic heart failure, kidney failure;
- late toxicosis (gestosis).
The last risk factor is placental abruption, oxygen starvation of the fetus, premature birth, the development of pathologies in infants.
The main symptoms of heart failure – edema of the lower extremities, if there is increase of the nasal mucosa, it is referred to as severe form of disease.
Important! One of the main reasons is the swelling of mucous nose pregnant – abundant inflow of blood.
Acute rhinitis without proper and timely therapy develops into chronic sinusitis, which affects the organs of hearing.
How to stop inflammation of mucous
Before you make a therapeutic regimen, it is important to determine the nature of the pathology. The mechanism of action of the agents involves the use of methods of traditional medicine, receiving pharmaceutical products natural ingredients.
If swelling of the nasal mucosa triggered by mechanical trauma, the degree of deformation of soft and bone tissue trauma determines.
In case of allergic reactions, it is advisable to turn to an allergist, otolaryngologist specializiruetsya for relieving inflammation of the inner lining of the nose resulting in the development of viral and bacterial infections.
The goal of therapy is to clear the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus secretions, to suspend the process of reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, normalize breathing.
In the list of medicinal products that are allowed during pregnancy, breastfeeding included the following medications:
- «Akvamaris» — solution based on sea water with an admixture of mineral elements (magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron). Contraindications to the use of a sensitivity to the individual components. The drug is non-addictive, treatment may be several days to a couple of months. Alternately, you need to irrigate each nasal hole 1-2 injection 3-4 times a day.
- «Cold» is considered as an immunomodulatory product of natural origin, based on extracts of eucalyptus, peppermint, oil of mountain pine, vitamin E. Active ingredients have a soothing effect on mucous membranes. The therapeutic scheme involves the use of medications 3 times a day 2 drops in each nostril. The multiplicity of this course varies from 5 to 7 days. For inhalation will need 50 drops (2 ml.) solution three times a day. Identical pharmacological properties «Grippferon».
- You vasoconstrictor drugs, the product ensures free nasal respiration. Allowed on all terms of pregnancy.
Contraindications to the appointment is hypertension, palpitations, glaucoma. The use of the drug more than 4 days can cause atrophy of the mucosa, loss of smell. To enhance the action of active substances is recommended, the toilet of the nose, after which affect the mucous membranes. Manipulations are performed 3 times a day.
- «Suprastin» — anti-histamine medication for relief of allergic reactions, prevents the increase of the concentration of allergen in the body. The dosage and frequency of administration determined by the doctor, the best option is 1 tablet 3 times a day after meals. Possible intramuscular administration of the drug.
With the permission of the doctor for relief of swelling used «Vibrocil», «Flixonase». Before the use of any pharmacological product, carefully read the manufacturer’s instructions, to exclude the possibility of side effects.
The effectiveness of alternative medicine
The myth that traditional remedies can not cause harm, is wrong. In comparison with synthetic products, they have a milder effect on the body, gentle effect on the digestive tract. However, in complex pathologies are ineffective.
The main purpose of the recipes alternative medicine is a tonic, immunomodulatory effects.
If swollen nose during pregnancy, to reduce the manifestation of the symptom in the home will help the following recommendations:
- inhalation on the potatoes. It is necessary to boil some vegetable tubers in the skin, to remove water, to inhale steam over a pot, covered with a towel;
- onion juice. To 250 ml of water at room temperature need 3 teaspoons of onion pulp, a teaspoon of honey. Let the mixture stand for about an hour. To bury a solution of 5 drops in each nostril 3-4 times a day;
- aloe. The juice obtained from the leaves, combined with honey in equal ratio, affects the mucous 3-4 drops several times a day. The procedure aims to relieve swelling, promotes active regeneration of the mucosa;
- decoction of chamomile, calendula. Treatment with herbs has anti-inflammatory effect, activates the immune defense, soothes mucous membranes. For cooking take 10 g of dry product per Cup of boiling water, simmer the mixture on a steam a quarter of an hour. The broth is used for nasal lavage;
- med. Effective natural ingredients to help with swelling, in the case of portability of the product components of beekeeping. You can take the substance inside (up to 100 g per day) or diluted with water in proportion 1:1 and treating the nasal passages several times a day.
If, during the gestation there is swelling of the nose, one should not ignore signals of the body. Perhaps protective reaction of the body triggered by pathogenic microorganisms, but it is possible that the reason lies in the more serious violations. To protect the life and health of the future baby, it is advisable to seek professional medical help.