Swelling of the nasal mucosa: treatment and how to remove when cold
How to remove swelling of the nasal mucosa?
The problem with the appearance of edema in nasal mucosa occurs in all people, without exception. It is usually seasonal in nature, manifests itself under the influence of viruses and bacteria, trapped in the body.
However, the question of how to reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa has not lost its relevance throughout the years. It is determined by the appearance of breathing problems, nasal congestion, abundant mucus. Tighten with the therapeutic effects should not be, because the health consequences can be serious.
Why swells the mucous of the nose
The causes of swelling are different. The main inflammatory process that develops in the nasal cavity. In turn, such reaction is protective, he warns the man that there is a disease to be combated. Swells the mucous of the nose in the following cases:
- there was a viral disease (SARS);
- inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis, sinusitis);
- bacterial infection;
- colds (running form ARI);
- allergic reactions (seasonal, temporary);
Also cause swelling the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity (deviated septum). The appearance of the characteristic symptoms is required to begin the treatment which may be medication or be the people’s ways.
Important! Efficiently reduce inflammation of the nasal mucosa is possible only after consultation with the ENT doctor. Choose a Troubleshooting method is not recommended because people will not be able to determine the exact cause without special education.
Treatment of edema
To make treatment in adults and children in several ways, but they should choose based on the underlying cause. All the impact is aimed at elimination of disease and the inhibition of edema development. The basic methods of Troubleshooting in allergic edema suggest that will be receiving a special drug in the doctor recommended dose.
Allergic swelling of the nose vasoconstrictive drops do not cure, they only give short-term relief but the underlying problem is not eliminated.
If there is a need to use it drops, the most effective are preparations belonging to the group of glucocorticoids.
If the reason was respiratory disease, caused swelling of the nose and hard to breathe so that without drugs can not do, you should pay attention to the group of vasoconstrictive drops. In this case, the course of therapeutic interventions must be initiated as early as possible, because they will not allow to join infection. The course of treatment is 5-7 days and then requires a break.
Important! Pregnant women use of such drugs is prohibited.
Drugs that relieve swelling of the nasal mucosa, are not necessarily the expensive cost. Quickly eliminate inflammation help the saline solutions for nasal lavage. They can be purchased already prepared in pharmacies or create a at home.
The amounts include sea salt, which has antiseptic properties and helps to reduce swelling of the mucous membrane as there are more and osmotic properties. Allowed such funds to be used by children of any age and pregnant.
If the problems that caused swelling, severe diseases require prolonged or specialized treatment, the doctor may prescribe:
- antiviral agents;
- local medications;
- systemic medications;
Such drugs are prescribed if there is severe swelling of the nose and drops do not help, as well as washing. Also, the therapy includes use of peach oil. It instill 2-3 drops in each nostril. The procedure is performed 2 to 5 times a day, depending on age and complexity of the problem.
Folk remedies to combat the swelling of the nasal cavity
Widely used folk remedy for swelling of the nasal mucosa. The advantage of the complete absence of chemical components, so the recipes are suitable for the treatment of children. Well demonstrated and warming inhalation. Folk methods of dealing with the problem include heating the legs with the subsequent use of wool socks. Pregnant women are advised to substitute this procedure for a bath for hands.
Important! Heating is prohibited, if the body temperature exceeds 38 degrees.
Also to traditional medicine include warming up the packs, consisting of a mixture of salt, sand and grain. All components are heated and placed in a fabric pouch. The treatment is performed by applying the composition to the nose and maxillary sinuses. Identical effect can be achieved by applying boiled eggs.
If the process of nasal congestion is manifested not only by the presence of edema, but presence of pus, the folk recipes offer use the steam inhalation. For this purpose it is possible to breathe over the potatoes (the water you want to drain and inhale the steam from the vegetable that should be in the skin). Procedure duration is 10 minutes.
Additional relief will come inhalation using essential oils. Suitable for this purpose:
- tea tree oil;
- oil of geranium.
They also need to breathe preheated to achieve maximum effect. Before using essential oils, you should consult your doctor as they can trigger an allergic reaction, and therefore, the deterioration of.
Solutions for inhalation can be created based on medicinal herbs and plants, among which the most effective:
- St. John’s wort;
Chamomile and lavender are also showing excellent results in inflammation and swelling of the nasal cavity. These solutions should be used if the pills relieve swelling, or other medications are not effective enough. Inhalation can be carried out making solutions of potassium permanganate (3 crystal in 300 ml of hot water) or baking soda (20 g per 200 ml). Furatsilin is also used in tablets (2 PCs 200 ml of hot water).
Thus, asking yourself the question, what reduces swelling of the nasal mucosa, should not dwell only on the drugs sold in pharmacies. Traditional medicine effectively cope with the task, eliminating not only the symptoms but also the cause of the disease. In order to compare the status before and after treatment, you should take a picture.