Symptoms of mumps in children and adults, similarities and differences
What are the first signs of mumps in children and adults?
Parotitis or other «pig» or «mumps» — an acute viral disease, which mainly affects children from 5 to 15 years. Recently, however, the disease was more often observed in adults due to the fact that the body in many people are weakened, and protective functions can not cope with various kinds of infections.
This disease is characterized by seasonal manifestation, and in the spring, the peak incidence occurs in summer and autumn period have a minimum number of cases. It is noteworthy that the virus affects 1.5 times more men than women what the experts still can’t explain. Consider in more detail the disease, the causes of infection, particularly leakage, as well as how to recognize the first signs of mumps.
Mumps – characteristics of the disease
A disease like mumps was described at the time by Hippocrates, but only in 1934, scientists Goodpaster E. and K. Johnson have formed a final opinion on the symptoms and pathology proved its viral origins.
Mumps is a viral disease which is caused by a specific pathogen of the paramyxovirus. Is characterized by febrile manifestations, intoxication, swelling of the salivary glands. Often, mumps affects other organ systems including the nervous.
Help. Strict adherence to the treatment regime during illness to avoid numerous complications that can cause this disease.
Susceptibility to the causative agent of mumps is very high. This is evidenced by the fact that 75% — 85% of the population of adults present in the blood protivomoskitnye antibodies, which are produced during the disease for life.
There are periodic outbreaks of the mumps, usually every 1-2 years. In schools such outbreaks can last from 80 to 100 days, characterized 4-5 bursts with pauses between them equal to the incubation period.
However, scientists have been able to provide adequate resistance and pain. After was introduced immunization with a live vaccine, the incidence of this disease has decreased significantly.
Causes of infection with mumps
As previously stated, the causative agent of mumps is a paramyxovirus, which is unstable to environment, especially to UV radiation, boiling and various disinfectants.
The source of infection can only be a sick man, and even a few days before the first symptoms indicating this disease, and after another 9 days of disease manifestations.
The incubation period of the mumps, according to different sources ranges from 11 days to 3 weeks (23 days is the maximum period). A characteristic feature of the disease – absence of prodromal stage or the duration of a few days.
With regard to the main ways of Contracting disease, these include:
- contact – household (through contaminated household items).
Infection also contribute to a large crowd of people (events, holidays) and the background respiratory ailments.
Features of the disease
The main gate for passage of the virus in the body is the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx and oral cavity.
It is here that the gradual accumulation of the viral cells and their further spread into the bloodstream.
The blood they are carried throughout the body, especially in cancer.
Salivary glands near the ears is the best place where pathogens settle and begin active growth. Usually, this is the place in the initial period of infection observed maximum concentration of viral cells.
Some portion of the pathogenic microorganisms spreading to other organs and in the nervous system, however, inflammation does not occur in all cases. There is often a gradual organ:
- The salivary glands.
- The Central nervous system, etc.
This behavior of the virus due to its reproduction in the salivary glands and additional flow from there into the bloodstream.
In the course of the pig body is taken to develop antibodies that lead to lifelong immunity to the disease. In addition to this, there is an allergic alteration of the body that persists for quite a long time.
The severity of the disease and involvement of the organs is directly dependent on the protective functions of human at the time of the disease. If the disease struck a perfectly healthy person, he faces only a mild or asymptomatic course. Or opposite any infection can significantly complicate the situation.
The first signs of mumps
The first line of the assault of the disease is expressed in visible characteristics, which develop in virtually all situations and allow you to correctly diagnose the disease.
The first signs of mumps are:
- a short prodromal stage, is characterized by a normal for each infection signs: lethargy, headache, drowsiness, poor appetite, periodic joint and muscle pain;
- the sudden temperature rise to the level of 38 – 40oC. This occurs when the viral cells fell into the salivary gland and began to multiply. The temperature becomes the highest its value on day 2 of the disease. Lasts about a week, gradually decreasing;
- further there is swelling of the salivary glands located near the ears, and pain when you try to touch. May occur as unilateral lesions and bilateral;
- also inflammatory lesion affecting the sublingual and submandibular glands;
- in this stage of development of the pig may feel sick when you touch the lobes of the ears is a classic symptom of mumps, which received the name «Symptom Filatov»;
- the tonsils turn red and swell;
- the appearance of pain while chewing and swallowing.
Inflammation of the glands gradually subsides to the end of the first week, and by the middle of the second with a positive occurrence of the disease is no longer bother the patient. If the disease is mild, then these symptoms might not be, and the pig in its manifestations will resemble an ordinary viral illness.
Mumps symptoms in children
Onset in childhood is quite intense.
I should say that before manifest clinical picture of the disease is 14-25 days after infection (incubation period).
The characteristic symptoms of mumps in children are the following symptoms:
- The child feels weakness, chills, malaise, becoming Moody and lethargic.
- Possible runny nose and redness in the throat.
- Getting worse or even lost appetite.
- Occurs headache and muscle pain.
- The temperature increases a lot.
- The kid complains that it hurts to chew food, swallow and open your mouth.
But the main symptom is pain, inflammation and swelling of the salivary glands near the ears. It is noteworthy that in children the swelling may go down on the neck, and the skin becomes shiny and glossy.
Help. Many parents are concerned high temperature of the child throughout the illness. However, this is normal phenomenon. The alarm is raised, if the disease is eroding, and the temperature rises. This may indicate the development of a new inflammatory process.
Parotitis visually changes the baby’s face, which at the time of the disease resembles a pig’s snout, where the most common name of the disease «mumps». To the extent that, as is the treatment, the inflammation gradually subsides and a week later lost completely.
Mumps in children can occur with mild, or even asymptomatic forms. In the first form, there is a small increase in temperature is not observed and the characteristic inflammation of the salivary glands, it may be poorly expressed.
When asymptomatic, there have been no signs of the disease and the threat it can only be that a child will go to kindergarten, for example, and infect other children.
Mumps symptoms in adults
Mainly the symptoms of mumps in adults and children is the same, but in adulthood the disease is more severe and often causes complications.
To identify the disease one of the following mumps in adults:
- the increase in body temperature;
- severe intoxication;
- pain in region of ears;
- enlargement and inflammation of the salivary glands;
- reduction of salivation;
- pain while chewing food and swallowing;
- muscle and joint pain.
It is worth noting that in adults, swollen salivary glands on both sides at once, while in children, typically is a unilateral inflammation. In addition, inflammation in adulthood is dangerous, that attacks the nervous system.
Before manifestation of overt symptoms may experience loss of appetite, lethargy and headache.
Mumps – a very dangerous disease. Despite the fact that mumps is considered a childhood disease, it is quite common in adults. The main condition of treatment of this disease is to minimize the chances of complications.
To do this, the doctor prescribes mandatory compliance with bed rest for at least 10 days and symptomatic treatment. Specific treatment, as well as drugs for the treatment of mumps does not exist.
Also read information on ways of treatment and prevention of mumps.