Than during pregnancy to cure common cold: remedies and preparations for the common cold
What can pregnant from a cold?
Treatment of rhinitis during pregnancy requires a professional approach. Interesting women it difficult to select the pharmaceutical products because of their negative impact on the development of the child. On the other hand, delayed treatment and independent actions can lead to unintended consequences – the spread of infection throughout the body and oxygen starvation of the fetus.
Consultation with a doctor will allow you to determine what you can pregnant from the common cold, based on the nature of its manifestations and individual characteristics of the organism of the expectant mother.
The pathogenesis of the common cold
A runny nose is not a disease and is a symptom indicating the presence of physiological or hormonal changes in the body.
Depending on the nature of the symptoms, rhinitis may be accompanied by specific symptoms, but in most cases is manifested as an inflammatory process of the mucosa, with marked swelling and hyperemia of the tissues and increased production of myconazole secret.
In otolaryngology distinguished cold on the causes of its occurrence. Classified into several types:
- of infectious origin. Occurs due to the weakening of immune protection of the pregnant woman, as a response of the organism to the penetration of infectious agents in viral respiratory infection,;
- hormonal rhinitis is the result of high levels of the hormone estrogen;
- allergic nature, which is a pathological process that develops after contact of the mucosa with allergens (spores of plants, dust, animal dander).
On the basis of the medical history of the patient and the etiology of the disease attending specialist picks up her son, allowed to be used at different stages of gestation.
Important! Color aconselho secret may indicate the nature of the common cold. Yellow or green snot indicate the activity of pathological microflora, which requires the inclusion of a therapeutic regimen of drugs antimicrobial action.
Than during pregnancy treat runny nose
At the first signs of a cold it is necessary to consult a doctor to determine the cause of its occurrence and preparation of therapeutic regimens. Therapy during pregnancy is based on an integrated approach aimed at increasing the immune protection of women, relief of symptoms and prevention of development of pathological disease progression.
Cure for cold for pregnant women should be given gestational age. For example, nasal preparations with a vasoconstrictive effect is strictly prohibited to use from 1 to 8 weeks.
Sympathomimetic active ingredient naphazoline, Xylometazoline, Oxymetazoline have a negative impact on the developing fetus, but also can significantly affect the condition of the mother, causing the development of arrhythmias and tachycardia.
Decongestants include into the treatment of pregnant women in exceptional cases where the threat to the life of the mother outweighs the potential risk to the child. The duration of treatment with these preparations is limited to a three-day course, subject to the use of drugs in pediatric dosage.
Sometimes, these drugs are permitted for one-time use before bedtime, when nasal congestion interferes with proper rest («Sanorin» «Nazol Baby»).
Haphazard use of sympathomimetics contributes to the narrowing of blood vessels not only in the mucosa of the nose and the capillaries of the embryonic space that is fraught with the violation of the placental circulation and can lead to oxygen deficiency and abnormalities in the development of the child.
A collection of information obtained during the medical examination and etiology of the common cold determine what remedy for the common cold can pregnant. It should be noted that in the treatment of almost all kinds of rhinitis, you can get General advice.
An exception is the accession of pathological microflora, which requires the use of local antibiotics. In this case, the dosage and duration of therapy is determined individually.
Important! The appearance of a cold in the first trimester requires immediate medical involvement, because this period is the formation of vital organs and systems of the child.
Lavage of the nose allowed for use in any trimester of pregnancy. To use the nasal wash can be as finished pharmaceutical products, and independently prepared solutions.
A linear series of drugs presented nasal drops and sprays based on sea water «Phrase», «Akvamaris», «Humer», «no-Sol», as well as in combination with herbal ingredients is «Dolphin». This procedure has no contraindications, because drugs have a local effect, do not participate in systemic absorption, do not contain preservatives and chemical compounds.
Allowed daily (up to 6 times per day) data usage of medicines for long period (up to 30 days or more), because excluded addictive to the product.
A rich macro — and trace elements of the drugs has a stimulating effect on local cell-mediated immunity and increases the effectiveness of other medications. Due to antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects quickly reduce the swelling of the mucosa, normalize the production aconselho secretion, reduce the risk of spreading infectious agents.
For reference! Over budget, but no less effective is a saline solution prepared at home.
Homeopathic medicines contribute to the mild treatment of the pregnant woman, without exerting toxic effects on the body of a woman and child. The composition of these medicines are minerals, plant and animal components.
The use of homeopathy in the treatment of rhinitis does not exclude the risk of allergic reactions, so before treatment you should consult with your specialist.
Among of drugs is to provide:
- «Pinosol.» The effectiveness of the product lies in the activity of its constituents – essential oils (eucalyptus, peppermint, fir), vitamin E and thymol. Drops have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing effect, promote tissue regeneration of the mucosa. The advantages – mild vasoconstrictor, anesthetic effect, the destruction of abnormal strains;
- «Grippferon», has a pronounced immunomodulatory effect, quickly suppresses the inflammatory process and prevents the risks of complications;
- «Teva», a multicomponent drug with anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antimicrobial, anti-edematous activity. Banned for use in hyperthyroidism, the treatment regimen is determined individually.
Inhalations are one of the safest ways of influencing inflammatory processes. These manipulations do not exert stress on the body of a pregnant woman, and at the same time much easier.
Vowel rule is the prohibition on inhalation at elevated body temperature. In this case, is not prohibited to use cold inhalations with essential oils.
An optimum device for carrying out inhalation of nebulizer treatments is considered, the advantage of which is dispersed atomization of the medicinal fluids, whereby the components of the medication are quickly digested, and achieved the best efficiency in the treatment.
At any stage of pregnancy, you can use alkaline, mineral water. In the reservoir of the nebulizer is filled with 3-4 ml of fluid, before releasing the gases. Breathing for 10-15 minutes three times a day.
In the absence of a special device for inhalation, therapeutic measures can be carried out in a water bath (hot). Effective when cold inhalations:
- soda. To 1 liter of water, brought to a temperature of 40 degrees, add 2 tbsp of baking soda. To inhale the vapors at a distance of 30 cm from the tank for 5-10 minutes;
- essential. In 1 l of fluid to dilute 1-2 drops of the oil esters of eucalyptus, thuja, tea tree. The procedure lasts 5-7 minutes. Before using essential oils need to be tested for allergies because even the usual before pregnancy can be the cause of severe allergic reactions;
- herbs. The procedure can be used as individual components, and medical fees. Established for over many years, herbs such as chamomile, sage, eucalyptus leaves and black currant. 250 ml water, bring to a boil add 1 tablespoon of dry raw material, allow to cool to a comfortable temperature. The daily rate of procedures – from 3 to 5 times, for 10-15 minutes.
Important! In the hot inhalations are required to adhere to the optimal temperature of the liquid. For pregnant women, the water temperature should not exceed 40°C. inhalation of hot steam more put extra strain on the heart, does not exclude burns of the mucous membrane.
The cold inhalation is to provide the same essential oils that is poured into the aroma lamp, and onion-garlic paste (in equal ratio grind onion and garlic to breathe for a quarter of an hour).
Timely access to a doctor at the first signs of a cold will help to avoid the use of vasoconstrictor drugs to stop symptoms in the early stages.
Adherence to generally accepted recommendations – maintain the optimal humidity in the room, daily airing and wet cleaning, will help to alleviate the condition of the pregnant woman.