The child are not thick and slimy snot: how to treat
How to treat thick snot of a child, if they do not pass?
What determines the thickness of secretions from the nose of a child? In the composition of mucus has a special protein — mucin, which influences the viscosity and consistency of secretions. The appearance of thick mucus indicates the reproduction in the nasal sinuses of pathogenic microorganisms.
The cause of this unpleasant symptom is infection, which actively multiplies in the nasal sinuses. The baby’s body begins to fight with disease-causing bacteria. Attack of neutrophils leads to death of pathogenic micro-organisms that give mucus the characteristic color.
To destroy bacteria the baby’s body begins to produce more mucin. This protein has antiseptic properties and inhibits the activity of microbes.
Viscous green snot from a baby can occur due to inflammation of the maxillary sinuses. This symptom cannot be ignored, as it indicates the development of purulent sinusitis.
The cause of viscous mucus can be too dry air in the nursery. Mucosa of infants in such circumstances is dry. To compensate for moisture loss the body is forced to excrete mucus, which moistens the mucous membranes of the nose. Read more about the optimal level of humidity here.
The disease can occur in children with allergies to certain substances. Allergens present in the air or food. For protection from the influence of irritating factor in the body begins to produce viscous mucus.
In the absence of treatment of allergic rhinitis becomes chronic. The cause of the disease may be dust in the nursery, wool, Pets or certain ingredients in food.
How to treat a runny nose in a child if he does not pass two weeks and thick snot constantly released from the nose? To resolve the symptoms of rhinitis need to understand the causes of the disease.
The experts investigate the discharge from the nose for viruses and harmful bacteria. The doctors determine the sensitivity of bacteria to certain antibiotics.
Runny nose that lasts more than a month, becomes chronic.
The child’s immune system tries to destroy pathogenic microorganisms.
The inflammatory process in the sinuses becomes sluggish and the baby starts to complain about the constant secretion of mucus from the nose. From the thick secretions the unpleasant smell.
As antibacterial agents in the treatment of children is used:
Before the instillation of drugs you must clear the nasal passages of accumulated mucus. For washing you can use a saline solution prepared at home. To prepare the means, pour into a separate container 500 ml of water and add half teaspoon of salt.
There are pharmaceutical products on the basis of sea salt, designed for the removal of pus from the nose of the child (Phrase, Aqua Maris). They are completely safe and can be used in the treatment of infants.
The duration of treatment is an antibacterial treatment should not exceed 10 days. Drops from the thick mucus can cause side effects.
The prolonged cold can lead to serious complications. Increasing the temperature to 38 degrees, lethargy, and persistent runny nose signs of a developing sinus infection.
What to do if the child began to complain of pain in the nose? In this case, parents should show the baby to a specialist.
The kids still do not know how to speak and point the finger at the cheeks that swell and redden.
The child has pain when turning his head.
To make an accurate diagnosis of the child referred for a chest x-ray and ultrasound. If you have any additional questions, you may need a cat scan.
In the treatment of sinusitis requires a comprehensive therapy. A sick child is prescribed antibiotics, which destroy bacteria.
To cope with a viral infection should be instilled into the nose Anaferon or Interferon. The immune system of children can be enhanced by immunomodulators.
In the absence of positive results used puncture, which stops the inflammatory process. After removal of pus in the sinuses injected antiseptic solution.
How to treat allergic rhinitis
Mucus in the nose stands out when hit by particles of dust, animal hair or pollen.
Disease in young children is quite rare.
Allergic rhinitis is accompanied by the secretion of thick mucus, which has a whitish hue.
For the diagnosis of disease using the following methods:
- experts examine a swab from the nasal cavity;
- performed biochemical and blood analysis;
- to eliminate the symptoms of allergic sinusitis the doctor prescribes antihistamines (Tavegil, claritin).
What to do if thick snot appeared in infants?
In the treatment of babies up to a year, you must take steps to moisturize nasal. You can use the saline. The tool has to be instilled into the nose of infants 3-4 times per day.
To help a sick child should be regularly clean the nasal passages of accumulated mucus. Do this with the help of aspirator.
Reduce the high temperature may be due compresses. Do not give your child antipyretics without consulting a doctor. To take decongestants can be no more than 5 days.
How to wash the nose of the baby before the year
The baby still can’t vysmarkivatsya. Thick highlight dry sinuses toddler and block access to oxygen.
To clear the nasal passages of pus by using the aspirator.
Don’t forget to disinfect the device, since its surface can be bacteria.
Before the procedure, put the child on the side and enter in the upper nostril saline. Repeat for the other nostril in the same sequence. Then, remove the fluid from the nasal passages.
How to conduct inhalation
Than to treat the baby, if a long time snot are thick? To eliminate the symptoms of the disease is necessary to conduct inhalation. Drugs during a session affect the entire mucosa. Small means the particles penetrate into the most inaccessible areas of the nasopharynx.
For conducting inhalation need to buy a device called a nebulizer. The compressor solution is converted into aerosol.
Procedure duration is 10 minutes. In the process of inhalation can be used decoctions prepared on the basis of chamomile, calendula and yarrow.
They have anti-inflammatory action and destroy pathogens.
Before using herbal infusions need to ensure that no child is allergic to certain substances.
Good for the baby, suffering from a runny nose, can bring inhalation solutions on the basis of sea water. They contribute to the hydration crusts that are quite difficult to remove from the nose.
When otdiraniya them from the mucosal surface of the nose can cause bleeding. After the procedure it is necessary to remove mucus, which prevents normal breathing.
When conducting inhalation must adhere to the following rules:
- Solutions necessary to prepare taking into account the recommendations specified by the physician.
- Session length depends on age and individual peculiarities of the patient.
- It is not necessary to use a pre-prepared solution, as it loses its medicinal properties.
- Before using a nebulizer treat it with antiseptic solutions.
Important! Immediately after inhalation of the baby can not produce on the street. The child need to be home at least 2 hours, as it risks to get a cold.
In the nose there is a large number of biologically active points. The mechanical effect contributes to their activation. Before the procedure to wash hands so not to contaminate it.
Massage movements should not be too sharp and aggressive. You must handle the symmetric points located in the nose. Don’t forget to warm up your hands so that the procedure was comfortable for the child.
Tips Komarovsky with the appearance of thick snot
The appearance of thick snot – quite a serious symptom, which often occurs because of infection by pathogenic bacteria.
The doctor believes that the treatment of bacterial rhinitis is not only limited to antibiotics. To cure the child’s need to clear the nostrils of mucus.
Treatment involves not only the use of drugs. The parents should pay attention to maintenance of cleanliness in the house. Wet cleaning will contribute to the recovery of the baby.
You should regularly ventilate the room in which to be a child. Do not abuse vasoconstrictor drops. The body gradually gets used to the active substance and to restore nasal breathing requires a large dose of the drug.
To get rid of thick secretions doctors prescribe antibacterial drops baby. Cause changes in the consistency of secret is the increased production of mucin. This protein is released when the reproduction in the nasal passages of viruses and bacteria.
In this way the body fights pathogens. To accelerate the recovery is possible if to carry out inhalation with herbal decoctions. You must regularly clean the nasal passages of mucus, which makes breathing difficult.