The child has a bad cold: how to treat what to do
How to cure a severe cold in a child?
Rhinitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nasal cavity. It seems that the disease is harmless, but in fact rhinitis can provoke dangerous complications and cause sinusitis, otitis media or sinusitis. Particularly dangerous severe cold in a child of 3 years old, because at this time the baby weakened immune system and the body’s ability to defend himself.
Treatment itching the child must come immediately. However, parent should know exactly the diagnosis and buy medicines only after personal consultation and examination of the baby by a qualified doctor.
Symptoms and causes of rhinitis
A cold can occur at any age, but rhinitis in children is especially dangerous. Runny nose often becomes a cause of serious diseases in the upper respiratory tract and provoke a number of complications. Often rhinitis causes inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, frontal sinus disease and other forms of sinusitis.
To cure a cold without risk of complications, it is important to know what to do if your child has a bad cold. Drug therapy starts after establishing the causes of the disease and all the related factors.
Understand that the child acute rhinitis easy. Usually the disease is accompanied by mucosal dryness and burning inside the nose, sore throat, frequent sneezing, cough, weakness, symptoms of intoxication, headaches.
A very young child becomes capricious, often cries for no reason, constantly touching the handles to the nose, sleeping on one side only and refuses to eat.
The reason for this process lies in the infectious or viral lesions of the body. Besides, severe cold may occur due to the traumatization of the nasal cavity, the penetration and multiplication of bacteria that occurs due to the incorrect treatment of previous colds.
If treatment is received at the first stage, you can avoid dangerous diseases and complex treatment. But with the formation of abundant secretions, which are accompanied by green or yellow snot, the kid needs a complex treatment with use of antibiotics.
Than and how to treat the child has a bad cold
Treatment is long and profuse rhinitis in kids requires a certain approach. Babies under one year cannot be treated according to the laws of treatment for adults, because the structure of the sinuses in babies is quite different.
Remember! In the early stages of the disease allowed the treatment at home. But with the appearance of purulent discharge is very important to contact the clinic and prevent complications.
For the treatment of young children requires the following therapy:
- It is important to regularly clean the nasal passages of the baby. To do this you will remove the mucus using a cotton swab or small turundae.
- Children under two years are allowed to enter into the cavity of the nose drops Otrivin or Glycine. For kids older recommended wash with a Dolphin, Phrase, Aqua Maris. In addition, doctors often prescribe the following drugs: Humer, Physiomer, Marker, Quick, Dr. Theiss, These.
- In addition to the already finished FirstView, you can clear nasal passages with saline solutions. To prepare a decoction for washing you can at home. To do this in one glass of warm water dissolve half a teaspoon of salt. To flush the sinuses every day is necessary every three hours.
- For children until the age of twelve months these methods are invalid, therefore, to facilitate nasal breathing, use aspirators.
Timely cleaning of the nasal passages will allow you to avoid purulent sinusitis, as well as more dangerous diseases. Sanitation will not allow bacteria and infections to get inside of the nasal cavity and will greatly facilitate nasal breathing of the child.
To clean the noses of children under one year old is necessary before each meal. After the reorganization do not forget to wash a pear or my.
In addition to cleansing the nasal passages, washing can help eliminate the crust.
If nasal congestion is growing every day, the doctor prescribes a vasoconstrictor drops. They reduce the swelling of tissues and improve patency. However, for the treatment of children up to three years to apply the drops not more than three days. From the age of three course of treatment may be increased to five days.
When assigning drops to vasoconstriction, the dosage is selected in accordance with the height and weight of the child and the severity of the disease.
To get rid of the copious and thick secretions, you can use these drugs – Dlyanos, Nazivin, ksimelin, Nazol, Otrivin, Tizin, ksimelin.
When bacterial multiplication inside the mucous membrane baby antibiotics. Make sure that antibiotic therapy was not appointed the first day of the disease, and for mild symptoms.
At the beginning of the antibiotic treatment it is important to calculate the dose and continue the treatment until the end. If you stop taking medication after the first improvements there is a risk of recurrence of profuse rhinitis.
For children treatment doctors prefer the following medications: Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Ticarcillin, Tetracycline, Levofloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Ciprofloxacin.
In viral lesions of the nasal cavity to the kid assigned to powerful antiviral drugs. They will reduce the puffiness and will eliminate the outbreak within five days.
The most effective means recognized Kagocel, Cycloferon, Lavomax, Arbidol, Ingavirin.
With abundant rhinitis child appointed by antihistamines. They reduce the swelling of tissues and return the patency of the nasal passages immediately after use.
Allergic rhinitis is best treated with the following medicines – Zyrtec, Tsetrin, Erius, Suprastin, Letizen, Cetirizine. However, the effect of the medication will be incomplete if you did not eliminate the allergen.
The physiological treatment of rhinitis
In addition to the above reasons and the necessary preparations, the child may receive physiological rhinitis. In this case, drug treatment is not a necessity. At this time, it is important to eliminate the discharge with a cotton swab.
Prompt medical attention will help to avoid acute inflammation. So do not ignore modern advances in pharmaceutical industry and apply all medications prescribed by your doctor. In the best case, abundant runny nose will disappear after five days. If the rhinitis continues, go through re-diagnosis.
Remember that not all drugs approved for treatment of children. When the special sensitivity of the baby to the medicines try to cure the problem traditional methods. For this, lavage nasal passages with decoctions of herbs and don’t forget the rules of hygiene.
Remember that regular wet cleaning will allow you to eliminate the spread of harmful microorganisms.