The child says to the nose, but no mucus and the nose breathing: how to treat and what to do
What to do if a child tells in the nose and snot do?
Most often the precursors of a temporary nasal is a runny nose and a cold. This symptom neytralizuya comprehensive treatment.
The excitement and misunderstandings of the parents causes a distortion of the timbre while maintaining the natural drainage of the sinuses. So, the question remains, how and what to treat, if the child says nose but no snot, and nose breathing?
What is twang?
As a result of excessive or weak resonance in the nasal cavity formed by the defect sounds – twang (the same name rinolaliya, palatally). The reason for the change of speech in children is the failure of functioning of the speech center.
The nasal tone of the voice due to the change of the trajectory zvukopesa air flow in the oral and nasal projection.
Diversification of resonator function has three forms:
- closed. The catalysts of the sound defect are organic changes in the nasal or nasopharyngeal region, which provoke the stuffy upper body, no natural message of pneumatic Dostiev with the external environment;
- open. The pathological changes of timbre are used for the lag back palate from the posterior pharyngeal wall, as a result, a gap for penetration of air masses into the nasal cavity;
- mixed. Characterized by obstruction of the nasal channels and impaired velopharyngeal closure.
Nuance! Violation zvukoproiznosheniya has 4 stages of development, where each successive phase increases the severity of nasal and dyslalia.
The main reasons
The reasons for the development of rhinolalia very diverse, the basic list boils down to the following factors:
- abnormal growths of epithelial cells (polyps);
- inflammation of the oropharynx;
- the nasopharyngitis (after snot on the back of the throat);
- vazokonstrikciei mucous due to the use of drugs;
- congenital defects of the nasal passages;
- the ingress of foreign bodies in sinuses;
- curvature of the nasal septum;
- injuries of the nose;
- the physiological congestion in newborns.
The sound manifestation of the defect requires medical involvement. On examination, the speech therapist examines the anatomical features of the vocal apparatus, quality of breath, the audible defects, peculiarities of course of disease.
The main task of the specialist is to identify and eliminate the annoying factor of conservative method or surgical means.
How and what to treat twang without nozzle
Therapy palatally determines the etiology of the pathogen. If snuffles the nose of the child by reason of violations of the respiratory system, the danger is the infection of the bronchi and lungs. When nasal congestion, together with the inhaled air, mouth, infections penetrate the body, affecting healthy organs and systems.
Oxygen deprivation inhibits brain activity, inhibits the functional units of the body. To prevent negative effects, the migration of the disease into a chronic form, it is important to make correction in the early stages of pathology.
For reference! For full visualization of the clinical picture, the doctor prescribes instrumental methods of investigation: x-ray, electromyography, pharyngoscopy.
The reasons for a temporary change of timbre include the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, swelling of the mucous membrane, when there is a symptom of nasal and cold there. In the formation of the color of the sound involved the frontal and maxillary sinuses. Injuries of the nose, on the background of viral diseases of pneumatic cavities become inflamed, develops sinusitis or sinusitis.
Treatment of maxillary sinusitis provides a comprehensive solution to the problem. An important condition for active recovery is irrigation of the nasal cavity.
Lavage of sinuses
Under adverse climatic and living conditions mucosa is dry, its surface crusts are formed, which disturb the drainage of the nose. Treatment of pathological changes begins with mechanical cleansing of the sinuses of extraneous agents, dust, clusters of nasal secretions.
Important! From the age of five, the kids in the initial stages of the pathology is carried out non-invasive vacuum drainage of paranasal sinuses.
Children over 4 years the toilet of the nose is performed using saline solution, saline or antiseptic agents: «Miramistina», «T», «Chlorhexidine».
Medicinal fluid washes the nasal passages, freely emerges through the opposite nostril, neutralizing pathogens. The procedure speeds up the process of regression, relieves inflammation and swelling of soft tissues, normalizes the natural breathing through the nose.
The treatment of such endocrine diseases as edema of the mucosa, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis or sinusitis that provoke children’s snuffling voice, requires the use of drugs of different pharmaceutical groups:
- vasoconstrictor. The main objective is to restore nasal breathing to reduce congestion of the soft tissues, normalize nasal secretion, aeration of the middle ear. A therapeutic regimen children include drugs based on fenilafrina – «Nazol Bebi,» «Nazol kids», «Polideksa», «Vibrocil»;
- antibacterial. Prescribed for infectious etiology of inflammation to suppress the growth and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. In the treatment of upper respiratory tract used antibiotics penicillin («Amoxiclav»), cephalosporins in pill or injection («Ceftriaxone», «Cefalexin»), azalide («Azithromycin»). Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity of intranasal funds have a broad spectrum of action, «Bioparox», «Izofra». The course of recovery varies from 5 to 10 days given the severity of the disease;
- antihistamine. With the aim of eliminating allergic reactions, or prevent its occurrence use hyposensitization preparations for inhibiting the release of histamine. Most children prescribed «loratadine» in syrup or tablets, «Kestin», «Terfenadine»;
- corticosteroid. — Hormonal agents reduce inflammation and edema of the mucosa, thereby normalizing the sound of the voice, reduced activity of the ciliated epithelium. High efficiency proved drugs «Nasonex», «Flixonase», «lower blood pressure mother».
For reference! For the normalization of the low-grade indicators and the relief of pain children prescribed an Aspirin, «Nurofen», «Paracetamol».
Conservative methods are complementary immunomodulatory medicines: «Sinupret», «IRS-19». They restore mucociliary clearance, form local immunity, accelerate the regeneration of the epithelium.
What to do if a child tells in the nose, and the snot do? There is a possibility that the problem lies in the pathology of the nasal passages. If the suspected vasomotor rhinitis, hypertrophic rhinitis, or anatomical change of the nasal septum was confirmed, to treat the disease, conservative methods is meaningless.
To restore tissue structure in the polyposis or hypertrophy of soft tissues appoint sparing laser treatment, and the correction of the nasal septum is possible only surgically.
Treatment of adenoids as the nasal problem begins with improving the immune activity of vitamin complexes, symptomatic therapy and breathing exercises. With the increase of the pharyngeal tonsil with complete overlap of the lumen of the nasal problem is solved by the surgical removal of the tonsils.
Recommendation E. O. Komarovsky
Treatment and correction situation when a child breathes mouth says to the nose, but no runny nose, begins with the identification of the pathogen. Taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, the doctor is medication scheme.
The task of parents is to strictly follow the doctor’s instructions, to create favorable conditions for regression pathologies:
- to monitor temperature and humidity levels in the room. The optimum temperature for daytime pastime reaches 20⁰С, sleep should be 2-3 degrees lower;
- when excessively dry air, use a humidifier. If there is no climate unit, it is possible to hang on battery wet towels or put containers filled with water;
- regularly ventilate the room, wet cleaning;
- more walk in the fresh air;
- to provide a balanced diet with emphasis on vegetables, fruits, dairy products;to provide for increased drinking regime to relieve intoxication.
For reference! To maintain the humidity in the room to help the plants.
Twang in breach of the drainage of the sinuses provoke powerful antigens: dust, pet dander, feather pillows. Therefore, special attention should be paid to clean the house.
The defect in the defects can not pass on their own, require medical treatment. To prevent complications, chronic diseases in the changing timbre of the voice without producing snot, immediately seek medical help.