The child sniffles and snot’s constantly sniffing
What to do if a child is constantly sniffles?
Cause for concern cause minor reversals in baby’s breath. Newborn wheezing and rattling related to the adaptation of the nasal mucosa to environmental conditions.
What do parents whose child is sniffling, when saved the picture of health. Let us consider the etiology of pathological disorders, and how to normalize the state of the baby?
Why the child sniffles?
Under the influence of aggressive endogenous and exogenous factors, disrupted mucociliary apparatus, reduced motor activity of the cilia of the ciliated epithelium. Inhaled air enters into respiratory path in the crude, incorrect temperature, thereby irritating the nasal inner shell.
In the case of infants, when the nose makes strange noises, is considered a physiological phenomenon that takes place independently in the first year of life. The older children shmygina are the causes of infectious and noninfectious nature, different power and duration of exposure.
Most often upper respiratory tract amaze viruses and bacteria, rarely mycotic organisms. Biological agents are contagious are transmitted and aerogenic by. With the localization on the surface of soft tissues, pathogenic microorganisms aktiviziruyutsya, poisoning organism products of metabolism. As a result, inflammation and edema of the mucosa, paresis of blood vessels.
Common pathogens of SARS concerns. The source of infection are pneumotropic viruses. Swelling of the soft tissue covers the way the natural message of the nasal cavity with the external environment.
Pathological secret finds no way out, begins to accumulate in the paranasal sinuses. Congestion creates favorable conditions for the life and growth of pathogenic microflora.
For reference! In the absence of effective therapy, the disease actively progresses to a chronic form that is dangerous to the development of complications: bronchitis, pneumonia, neuritis, meningitis, meningoencephalitis.
The clinical picture of common cold manifested the abundant production aconselho secret. The child is constantly trying to draw snot into itself, creating a sense shmygina. The defeat of the respiratory system indicates an increased body temperature, the child becomes lethargic, refuses to eat, a cough, runny nose, sneezing.
Possible causes shmygina
Probable cause squishing of the nose is sinusitis. Inflammation may occur in the sphenoid bone (sphenoidal), ethmoid labyrinth (etmoidit), maxillary (sinusitis) and frontal sinus (frontal sinusitis).
The inflammatory process precedes chronic infection in the nasopharynx or goes untreated rhinitis. To inhibit the synthesis of disease-causing agents the body produces a protective blood cells, which die after destruction of pathogens.
Immune cells and bacterial toxins to form a viscous pathological secret green with impurities purulent masses. When these violations of children experiencing severe pain on the projection of the entire facial skeleton (depending on the localization of the inflammation), which increases with palpation.
Baby sniffles catarrhal form of infection when the drainage of the sinuses partially preserved. It is very important to diagnose the disease, effective treatment. Timely access to a physician reduces the risk of chronic inflammation.
Shmygina nose as a symptom of pathological changes provoked by the following factors:
- the adverse environmental conditions. When excessive dust or airborne concentrations of chemical substances mucociliary apparatus is not able to withstand the attack of irritants. The root causes of the development of vasomotor rhinitis is the dust and unsanitary conditions of a child’s room;
- hypertrophy of the tissue structure. Adenoids and nasal polyps obstruct breathing, interferes with the natural transport of oxygen and nutrients. Weak ventilation of the nasal passages accompanied by the reproduction of infection, inflammation of the epithelium;
- anatomical defects of the upper body. The development of rinorei is preceded by a deviated septum, nasal trauma.
- exposure to antigens. An Allergy develops when the body’s hypersensitivity to certain stimuli: dust, disputes plants, wool Pets, citrus fruits, confectionary. Disorders are manifested by the excretion of clear nasal secretions, watery eyes, redness of the skin, itching and burning;
- side effects from taking pharmaceutical products. Haphazard use of drugs, mainly vasoconstrictor sprays, increases the likelihood of addiction. With the aim of relief of nasal swelling will require increased doses to achieve original effect.
For reference! The kid can sniff the localization to the pneumatic cavities and foreign objects.
If the child makes unusual sounds through nasal body during sleep, attention should be paid to humidity in the room. Excessively dry warm air will cause dryness of the mucosa with subsequent formation of crusts.
What to do if a child is constantly sniffles?
To eliminate external stimuli is much easier than pathological causes. The treatment of a child begins with a visit to the audiologist to determine the etiology of disease, making therapeutic scheme.
For regression affected the upper respiratory tract the favorable conditions:
- damp air is in the range of 50-60%;
- the temperature regime 20⁰С, to sleep for the night 18-19⁰С;
- maintain cleanliness in the house;
- aeration of the room several times a day.
In terms of the probability of dripping snot on the back of the throat, that provokes unusual nasal sounds, it is necessary to increase the height of the headboard.
When the drying of the mucous pediatricians recommend to moisten the epithelium medical drugs based on isotonic water:
In each nostril administered 1-2 drops of the drug suspension. After 5-10 minutes with a cotton harnesses and remove the remnants of mucus. With abundant production of mucus, it is advisable to suck the sputum aspirator or improvised means (syringe, pipette, medical bag).
For children 4 years and older is recommended to use nasal preparations in spray form. Dispersed irrigation allows to handle the maximum area of the nasal cavity with minimal liquid consumption. Medicines are assigned a course to full recovery.
Tip! Doctors advise to use the pharmacy of sea water to prevent the common cold, especially in the period of acute respiratory diseases.
When severe nasal congestion, when to play the sound shmygina, medical scheme short course include vasoconstrictors on the basis of fenilafrina: «Nazol Bebi,» «Nazol kids».
Integrated action have combined means: «Vibrocil», «Pinosol», «Polideksa». The therapeutic effect occurs within 5-10 minutes after injection, lasted for 8 hours.
The components of the substances improve the function of the ciliated epithelium, reduce the amount of exudate, liquefy phlegm, normalize the natural breath through the nose. Use a short course of 3-5 days, with a complex clinical situation the duration of intake increase to 7-10 days.
Mygenie the face as a reaction to antigens, requires differentiation of the pathogen, limiting contact with antigens. To reduce capillary permeability in relation to the mediators of allergic reactions, prescribe antihistamines third-generation:
Blockers of biogenic amine reduces the severity of allergic reactions, profilaktirujut their development, have pruritic effect.
How to treat, if the child sniffles and snot do? This clinical picture is characteristic of deformation of bone and cartilaginous structure of the upper body. Most often in children, the deviation is manifested by a deviated septum. To neutralize the disease is possible only by operation.
The increase in size of the pharyngeal tonsil has two ways of treatment: conservative and surgical. Traditional medicine in the early stages of the pathology involves the intake of vitamin complexes, immunomodulatory drugs, the nasal lavage with saline or antiseptic agents.
For the relief of inflammation, reduction of hyperemia of soft tissues, use of antihistamine and anti-inflammatory drugs («Cold», «Polideksa», «Protargol»).
Nuance! When polyps prescribe conservative methods, laser correction, when running the form is carried out surgery to remove tumors.
Surgical intervention is inevitable against the background of enlargement of the adenoids, which block the flow of oxygen through nasal channels.
Migaldi nose is the norm only at the child till years, in the absence of related symptoms. The older children playing uncharacteristic of sound signals of pathological changes that require medical intervention.