The mucus in the nasopharynx: how to get rid of, causes and treatment
How to get rid of mucus in the nasopharynx?
Accumulation of viscous secretion causes irritation of receptors of the inner lining of the nose. Localization of mucus in the projection of the respiratory tract creates favorable conditions for development of pathogenic microflora, which is dangerous violation of the trophic, inflammation and edema of soft tissues.
Timely treatment of the nasopharynx, choked with mucus to prevent serious complications, development of chronic forms of pathology. Therapeutic methods determines the etiology of the lesions of the nasal cavity and upper pharynx.
The reasons for the accumulation of mucus in the nasopharynx
Increased production of nasal secret has a versatile appearance shape. Medical participation is required for differentiation of the nature of pathological changes.
Catalysts concentration of sputum in the projection of the respiratory system is the inflammation of the walls of the esophagus, ulcers disease stomach and duodenal ulcers, violation of the integrity of the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid and sphenoid sinus.
In the nose and throat are constantly slime with an unpleasant odor because of the defeat of the acute respiratory viral infections. The clinical picture is complemented by the following symptoms:
- increased body temperature;
- nasal congestion, runny nose;
- unpleasant sensations in the oropharynx.
Increased sliseobrazutee precede anatomical features of bone and cartilaginous structure of the upper body: a deviated septum, wide auricle.
Mucus in the nose and throat of the adult is formed under the influence of the following factors:
- an unfavorable production and living conditions;
- a change in the hormonal activity in the period of carrying a child;
- psychological trauma;
- emotional overstimulation;
- the use of non-standard dishes, spices;
- receive the pharmaceuticals;
- allergic reactions.
Nuance! Production of mucus increases directly with the processes of biological aging.
Special attention requires constant phlegm or thick mucus. The transformation of the chemical composition of nasal secret contributes to excessive use of tobacco products, alcohol, spicy food, bacterial rhinitis.
The sense of regular accumulations of secretory discharge signals about the changing nature of the disease, the migration of it into the chronic stage.
During the first days after birth had a lot of mucus in the nasopharynx may be due to the adaptation of the inner shell to the new environmental conditions. By the end of the third month of life, the state of the baby should be fine, to recover natural production aconselho secret.
To disrupt the production and outflow of secreted fluid in older children can narrow the nasal passages, viral or bacterial infection.
Where does mucus in the nasopharynx?
A funnel-shaped canal is the connecting link between the nasal cavity and mouth, where air is distributed into the respiratory tract. The mucous membrane of the cavity is lined with many blood vessels that warm, cleanse and moisturize gaseous substance.
To sustain the body’s mucociliary apparatus daily produces about 2000 ml. of nasal mucus.
Important! At the expiration of mucus at the back of the throat there is a probability of its flowing into the larynx and the respiratory system, which is dangerous inflammation of the bronchi and trachea.
The natural physiological process of the nasal secret drain down the nasopharynx, and involuntarily swallows.
During aggressive endogenous and exogenous factors observed dysfunction of the production of secretory discharge – the body has no time to withdraw an excessive amount aconselho secret, which is accumulated in the projection of the nasal part of the pharynx.
The excess mucus can irritate the cough and the vomiting center, which explains the retching and coughing due to mucus in the nasopharynx.
Conservative methods of treatment of nasopharyngeal clogged with mucus
On the basis of visual and hardware examination of the patient the otolaryngologist is a medical scheme that is based on drugs, physiotherapeutic procedures.
Irrigation of the nasal cavity
Lavage of the paranasal sinuses with water or anti-inflammatory agents administered for therapeutic or preventive purposes. Irrigation channels helps cleanse the mucosa from pathogenic organisms, accumulations of phlegm, dust and foreign agents.
For a lavage it is recommended to use the nasal preparation on the basis of purified sea water («Phrase», «saline», «These», «Humer»), saline or an aqueous solution of sodium chloride.
To remove the mucus from the nasopharynx will help the irrigation of the upper part of the throat antiseptic and anti-inflammatory drugs: «Chlorhexidine», «Furatsilinom», «Sodium chloride».
The mechanism of action of aqueous solutions is based on the ability of active components to modify the properties of the cell membrane, thereby inhibiting the activity of pathogenic microorganisms. The components affect the integrity of the cytoplasmic membrane, bacteria and viruses lose osmotic balance, resulting in a die.
Tip! Portion of the slurry for irrigation of the throat should be prepared immediately before the therapeutic procedure.
To the medicine flow into hard to reach places, while rinsing the head as much as possible to back, sticking out the tongue. Daily number of procedures and course of treatment determined by a pediatrician. The average daily rate is limited to 4 or 5 manipulations. Children treatment is recommended after 4 years.
To restore the drainage of the nose, reduction of hyperemia of the epithelium short course appoint vasoconstrictive drugs: «Naphazoline», «Nazivin», «Glycine», «Xylometazoline», «Expra for children «Nazol Bebi,» «Nazol kids».
For evacuation and thin mucus in the nose prescribed group of pharmaceuticals and sekretomotornym secretolytic activity. The mechanism of their action is aimed at reducing the life of unicellular glands, which produce excessive amounts of abnormal secret.
Therapeutic effect is manifested by mild inflammation and edema of soft tissues, changes in physical and chemical properties luconazole fluid, improving its outflow.
Are characterised by the complex action: mukoreguliruyuschim and thinning. Active components restore mucociliary clearance, reduce to normal number of goblet cells, normalize the viscosity and elasticity of secretory discharge.
Efficiency in otolaryngology proved «Monoprint», «Ambroxol», «Mukaltin», «Fluimucil». In Pediatrics is widely used «Mucosolvan», «ACC», «Rinofluimutsil» (for nasal use).
For reference! The action of secretolitics applies to the acceleration of regenerative processes of the epithelium.
The sensitivity of cough center increases «Sinupret», «Bromhexine», «Geelix», «Woken», «Pertussin».
In the period of breastfeeding, for pregnant women and infants administered herbal products based on ivy («.»), plantain («Other», «Dr. Goodman»), thyme oil («Bronchipret»).
The active components destroy mucoprotein and mucopolysaccharides that form the mucus, promote the motility of the cilia of the ciliated epithelium.
For the normalization of the secretory activity of the mucociliary apparatus doctors recommend «Recovering», «Coughing», «Ingalipt».
Pharmaceutical products have a complex effect: antiseptic, fungicidal and virostaticski. Active against wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, inhibit the metabolism of microorganisms, which contributes to their death.
Possible side effects are hypersensitive to the organism in the form of allergic reactions, reduce taste perceptions.
Aerosol medications in the treatment of children leading to undesirable consequences. Therefore, rational use for the treatment of the throat the solution is «solution».
How to get rid of mucus in the nasopharynx is determined by the physician based on the etiology and severity of the lesion. Responding to the first symptoms of the pathology allows to limit the irrigation of the nasal and oral cavity.
The formation of phlegm in the projection of the nose and throat because of infection of the upper respiratory tract or migration of inflammation in the chronic phase requires conservative treatment: medication antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and mucolytic action.