The smell of ammonia in nose: causes that feeling-why is he following the smell of ammonia, ammonia, paint

Why nose smells of ammonia?

Discomfort in the nasal sinuses should cause not only concern the patient, but also cause seeking medical attention. The smell of ammonia in nose indicates inflammation, which hit the area of the nasopharynx and causes a further progression of the disease. Causes of smell of ammonia in nose lie in contact with the virus or malicious agent that can affect all mucosa of the patient.

To go to the hospital is necessary if the smell of ammonia is chasing for a long time. Keep in mind that to feel the fetid scents can the people around you. So tighten with a visit to a specialist is not necessary.

The types of pathologies

With reduced immunity the possibility of viruses and infections increases. In this pathological change can be arranged respiratory tract pathogens. When reproduction are formed by mucous or purulent discharge, which emit nauseating smell.

Although unpleasant odors can select not only different selection, but brown. They are formed when the inflammation of the nasal mucosa in the case of a number of inflammation.

Therefore, if the patient feels the smell of ammonia is probably in the sinuses formed dry crusts.

Notice their education can only be the patient himself. Odors rarely felt around people, but distinctly heard by the patient. At this time there is a violation of smell and other processes.

If you feel that smells of ammonia, it is necessary to establish the cause of the inflammation. This pathology is divided into three groups:

  1. If the nose has an unpleasant aroma, smell is not an independent inflammation as a symptom of any disease.
  2. Check the condition of the nose and pharynx, as in this region can be localized polyps or cysts.
  3. In some cases, there are pathological processes in the respiratory tract.

In some cases, the smell of paint in the nose or other unpleasant sensations caused by the penetration of a foreign object in the nasal cavity.

In any case, the pathology affects the entire mucous membrane in the nose. In the absence of proper or timely treatment, the inflammation passes into the cartilaginous area and affects the bones. Therefore, to seek medical help needed as soon as possible.

Causes of foul-smelling odors

Pathology in the nasal cavity, which causes discomfort in the nose should be treated to establish the root causes of the disease.

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Often, given the nature of the disease in patients diagnosed pathologically abnormal anatomy of the frontal sinuses or their complete absence.

The second cause of unpleasant odors in the nose stands wide wings of the nose or abnormal structure of the face.

The risk group includes patients who do not follow their diet. With frequent consumption of fatty or salty patients may be accompanied by the smell of ammonia is quite a long time. For this reason, include living in inadequate conditions.


The smell of ammonia is formed when inflammation of parosmia. This inflammation is characterized by painful condition in which the disturbed function of the sense of smell. The root cause of this disease is a lesion of the temporal lobe of the brain.

This inflammation appears not as an independent disease, but only as a symptom of illness of the nervous system.

Foreign object

Often the cause of the smell of paint or ammonia becomes the penetration of a foreign object in the nasal cavity.

Most often, this symptom is common in people of younger age. Children often thrust into a nose or ears fine details.

In the future, a foreign object will cause severe pain and shooting sensations and unpleasant odours.

To display the object you need to go to the nearest emergency room. Self-selection of the subject can provoke respiratory dysfunctions.

However, this symptom may develop in adults, when working in places where dust or dirt. Particles of debris penetrate into the upper respiratory tract and form a fertile field for the development and breeding of harmful trace elements. Thus, in the nose of a patient are formed purulent or mucous discharge, which differ sickening odor.


Sinusitis is an inflammatory process in the cavities of the skull. Sinuses when sinusitis affects in the first place.

The disease occurs due to viruses or bacteria and also some species of fungi.

To treat sinusitis is necessary at the first sign of mucous secretions from the nose, as the lack of treatment is characterized by a serious inflammation in the ears and throat.

In more serious cases, sinusitis becomes a cause of formation of meningitis.

Therefore, if you notice a runny nose, a long nose, change the color of the throat, pain in forehead and eyes you must consult a doctor.

Other symptoms of sinusitis include:

  • bad smell from nose and mouth;
  • dysfunction of sense of smell;
  • the change in body temperature;
  • soreness in the throat;
  • fatigue and fatigue.
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Keep in mind that a sinus infection is accompanied by purulent secretions from the sinuses, which have a fetid scent. In the presence of these symptoms need immediate medical attention.

Rhinitis ozena

Atrophic rhinitis is characterized by pathological changes in the mucous membrane of the nose, where the main reason lies in the influence of the environment.

A negative process in the nasal cavity affects not only the mucosa but also the cartilaginous tissue and bony structures. This disease leads to increased clearance in the nasal cavity that causes increased action of the jet of inspired air that invariably leads to the formation of crusts.

The main symptoms of the disease include the formation of crusts and dysfunction of nasal breathing. Almost always atrophic rhinitis is accompanied by unpleasant odors.

In case of inflammation of rhinitis ozena, the patient forms an extension in the nasal cavity and strong purulent discharge, which provokes the appearance of crusts.

In addition to these signs of inflammation, patients complain of loss of sense of smell and the pursuit stinking smell. Unpleasant smell in this case, it becomes a sure sign of the formation of crusts.


Infectious inflammation, which provoke the appearance of a cold or flu are common causes of smell of ammonia in nose. The feeling is in the last stage of inflammation when mucus is almost gone, but their character becomes more dense. Under these signs of the unpleasant smell indicates the complication of the disease.

If the symptom does not attach importance to, inflammation will trigger the onset of sinusitis or otitis media.


Sore throat is an inflammation, accompanied by an abrupt change in body temperature and painful sensations in the nasopharynx.

In the formation of more complex forms of angina, when the disease is accompanied by purulent secretions and mucous lesions of the nasal cavity, patients often complain of the presence of unpleasant aromas, that feel like the patients and surrounding people.

Keep in mind that tonsillitis is transmitted by airborne droplets, so it is necessary to remove the patient from contact with healthy people.

A sore throat often appear after the rhinitis, sinusitis. Therefore, in the presence of these inflammations should be more careful and carefully follow the prescribed course of treatment.

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The odor of ammonia is accompanied by swollen lymph nodes, discoloration of tonsils and palate. Treatment can last for up to one week.

The effects of surgery

In the formation of purulent secretions from the nasal cavity, which are accompanied by unpleasant odors after surgery should not be afraid, but it is necessary to take appropriate measures for treatment of the affected area.

It is necessary to strengthen post-operative care, often treating the surgical site with antiseptics and antibiotics, as well as to remove pus.

Renal dysfunction

Odors in the nose may indicate the presence of chronic renal failure.

The cause of the smell of ammonia lies in improving the level of creatinine and urea.

The cause of renal dysfunction lies in the pathologies that adversely affect kidney tissue.

If left untreated, can produce devastating effects and symptoms.

Renal dysfunction can occur due to the presence of stones in the cavity, tumors, diabetes, dysfunction of blood vessels and so on.

Hormonal disorders

Another cause of smell of ammonia in nose – a serious hormonal disturbances. In this case, patients may feel not only ammonia, but other odors.


Nauseating odors from the nose should be treated as quickly as possible. Often enough of drug therapy or the use of dedicated solutions for irrigation of the nasal cavity.

In the case of pathological structure of the shape of the nose should seek surgical assistance.

In the case of more serious illness should seek professional medical help immediately.