The symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in adults: how and what to treat, causes, consequences
How to treat sinusitis in adults?
Disease of the paranasal sinuses in the nose can cause the patient a lot of unpleasant moments. This inflammation, called sinusitis, is the most severe form of sinusitis and can cause quite dangerous situations that can lead to death. For this reason, it is important to know the symptoms and how to treat sinusitis in adults and, if necessary — to take immediate action.
In medical statistics, such diagnosis is almost four percent of all diseases among the Russian population. Inflammation itself is inflammation in the region of the frontal sinus. In most cases, inflammation affects the fronto-nasal canal, via which further are pathogenic microorganisms. In time to notice this process, it is necessary to establish the cause of the inflammation, as well as to know how and what to treat sinusitis in adults.
The causes of disease
Sinusitis is the most dangerous form of the disease among all diseases in the field of sinusitis. It affects the forehead, giving the patient quite uncomfortable symptoms. With the progression of the disease, the patient inflamed the fronto-nasal tube through which the result are disease-causing viruses and microbes. In this period of the disease the patient begins to acute part of the disease. If treatment is not received at this level, the patient develops the chronic form of the disease.
Often, frontal sinusitis is accompanied by other forms of the disease.
For example, if the patient is formed in the acute stage of sinusitis, the inflammation of etmoidit, sinusitis and other forms of sinusitis.
Frontal sinusitis needs to be treated at the first signs of the disease, as its effects and the General course of inflammation dangerous to the patient.
But in order to make the necessary medication, it is important to establish the cause of the sinusitis.
Most often, frontal sinusitis caused due goes untreated bacterial inflammation or viral penetration. Often this type of disease is formed after the flu or colds, when a violation of the immunity of the person. Other reasons include:
- the defeat of the organism is Streptococcus mutans;
- allergic rhinitis;
- the anatomical structure of frontal sinuses;
- the bad effect of the environment;
- the profession is associated with frequent contact with dust and dirt;
- often being in smoky places or addicted to bad habits;
- cystic fibrosis.
These are the main reasons, but there are signs of sinusitis, which contribute to its appearance:
- chronic rhinitis;
- trauma of the nose;
- penetration into the nasal cavity foreign objects;
- of barotrauma;
- anatomical structure of the face, a deviated septum;
- narrow fronto-nasal canal;
- frequent defeat of the body by bacteria;
- a weak immune system;
- frequent or wrong blowing your nose;
- tumor or cyst;
- frequent hypothermia.
In addition, the cause of the formation of inflammation can become a chronic swelling in the nasal pathways and individual predisposition to sinusitis.
The symptoms of inflammation
Symptoms of sinusitis can vary depending on the acute or chronic form of inflammation.
In addition, the severity of symptoms depends on the immune system of the body and its individual characteristics.
There is an overall clinical picture that occurs in virtually all patients:
- frequent and painful headaches;
- painful sensations in the eye area and upper brow;
- inflammation in the maxillary area;
- sharp or shooting sensations in the case of palpation of this area;
- pain when tilting the head or a sudden rotation;
- swelling in the nose, difficult nasal breathing;
- the formation of large amounts of mucous secretion, purulent discharge;
- malaise, weakness and irritability;
- sleep disturbance and loss of appetite;
- redness in eye, lacrimation, photophobia;
- severe change in body temperature.
In case of chronic form of inflammation these symptoms occur more poorly. They can be recurrent, and over time, the patient can get used to the mild pain in region of eyebrows and eye sockets.
Keep in mind that mucus from a nasal cavity are not always symptoms of sinusitis.
The main symptom of the sinusitis headaches.
Often in case of chronic sinusitis, the patient observed the appearance of additional symptoms:
- allergic rhinitis;
- the formation of polyps;
- the weakening of the immune system;
- mild discharge from the nose;
- the lack of nasal breathing;
- strong irritability;
- soreness in region of nadrovia;
- dryness of the mucous membrane of the nose;
- violation of smell;
- a violation anatomical structure, particularly a deviated septum.
In the period of remission of inflammation, the patient noted improvement of health, but in General, throughout the illness the patients reported elevated body temperature and blurred vision.
Often sinusitis is accompanied by the presence of chronic infections.
Education symptoms of sinusitis should not be ignored, so long when you feel unwell seek medical advice.
Not chip a visit to the doctor, as frontal sinusitis can be dangerous for the General condition of the patient.
Diagnosis of sinusitis in adults
After installing all the symptoms and signs of inflammation, the physician conducts an additional examination. The study of the patient, the doctor conducts medical history, including established all the details of the disease.
After interviewing the patient should undergo rhinoscopy. In this study, the patient sets the state of the mucosa of the cavity and the presence of irregularities in the structure. In the case of increasing the cavity, and a middle turbinate is necessary to determine the presence of pus.
Next, the patient is sent for an ultrasound the cavity and conduct x-rays of the frontal sinus. Then determine the degree of inflammation and the nature of the disease. After the tests, the patient is administered the videoendoscopic study.
During the examination, doctors establish the type of bacteria that spread in the cavity of the forehead, and conduct General laboratory tests. In the process of analysis of the mechanism of development of disease is important to establish the absence of pathological process in the area of the trigeminal nerve and other paranasal sinuses.
After receiving the results, the doctor-otolaryngologist sets forth a course of treatment, which is drug therapy.
Please note the photo of the front:
In the course of treatment of sinusitis can include not only medical therapy, but surgical exposure. Surgery is necessary in case of uncontrolled process when the inflammation goes to the surrounding tissue.
Keep in mind that to cure this kind of illness without antibiotics and other therapeutic drugs cannot.
Do not use unconventional methods of therapy.
Herbs and plants will not only cure the disease, but also lead to serious complications. But in some cases, folk remedies can be an additional anti-inflammatory therapy.
Treatment of frontal sinusitis should take place only under the supervision of a physician.
Any self-medication in this form of inflammation is unacceptable.
Best treatment for acute phase of sinusitis carried out in the medical center when the patient is under constant supervision of doctors. In addition, the patient can prescribe some treatments that you can perform at home is impossible due to the lack of necessary medical instruments.
The main goal of treatment is the elimination of the pathological content in the cavity of the frontal sinus and decrease swelling.
In the standard treatment of sinusitis include:
- Drops for constriction of the blood vessels: Glycine, Sanorin, Vibrocil, Nazivin, Naphazoline.
- Drops with antibiotics: Bioparox, Polideksa or Izofra.
- Systemic antibiotics from group of tetracycline, aminoglycosides, lincosamides: Sumamed, Zinnat, Augmentin, Cephalexin.
- Medications antihistamines: Tavegil, Suprastin, loratadine, claritin, Diazolin.
- Mucolytic agent — Viks the Asset, Fluimucil, Fluditec, syrup Inspiron, Flamed.
- Homeopathic medicines — Avena-plus, Air-Sea, Adam, Gamoran, Gastrosil, DataNorm.
- Antipyretic medications -tylenol, Paracetamol, Nurofen, Analgin, Nise.
- Anti-inflammatory meds — Nasonex, Flixonase.
- Antiseptics on the basis of silver, Protargol and Collargol.
Treatment of sinusitis can not be comprehensive without antibacterial agents, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Therefore, do not violate the prescribed course of treatment and take all medications in accordance with dosage.
Conventional medical treatment of sinusitis takes about three weeks.
If medication has not had the desired result, the patient can assign surgical impact.
This is necessary to avoid severe complications, therefore, before the operation is performed several additional research.
Prior to surgery the patient rinsed the nasal passages to eliminate all the germs and viruses in the nasal cavity and cleansing of the upper respiratory tract.
In addition, doctors can use a catheter to suction all the mucus in the sinus, and then a wash with a antibacterial agents.
To Liederbach pus from the frontal sinus, the doctors produce a puncture. Thus, the pus and other contents leaves the frontal part through an anastomosis. After that the patient install drainage and widen the channel in the frontal lobe. If in the process of the operation was the presence of polyps or other tumors, they are removed in the same period.
What could be sinusitis
The effects of sinusitis is dangerous for the patient. The transition of inflammation into the chronic stage is only one of the possible complications.
If left untreated, sinusitis can often lead to pneumonia, bronchitis, inflammation of the entire cavity of the respiratory tract. But the most dangerous consequence of frontal sinusitis is meningitis.