The tubootitis (evstahiit) — that is: acute tubootitis, two-way
What is the tubootitis?
The human ear perceives the sounds not literally. Anatomy of the ear is quite complicated. In the auditory activity and the perception of others human sounds involved many elements. In case of violation of a well-concerted mechanism there are various kind of disease have a negative impact on auditory perception.
The tubootitis is one of these disorders. The disease occurs as a consequence of catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the inner ear. There is dysfunction of the auditory tube. Also, the disease is known as the Eustachian.
Varieties of tubootitis
Problems with the patency of the auditory tube leads to the ear stuffiness, and in some cases to hearing loss and hearing loss. The severity of the disease depends on its type.
Depending on the intensity and duration of the disease there are two forms:
Depending on localization distinguish:
Due to the occurrence of pathology is divided into:
- allergic type.
The shape of the flow
This form of the disease as acute tubootitis different from the usual that it manifests itself, acute inflammatory process, which takes place in the middle ear. Consider in detail the acute tubootitis what it is and when it spills over into the chronic form.
One of the reasons for which a person has an acute tubootitis, is the flu. Any form of this disease can cause problems with your hearing aid. Common cause of pathology is also seasonal Qatar, which affects the upper respiratory tract.
The main symptom of acute tubootitis in its form is a nasal in the ears.
Often patients complain of tinnitus and the resonance that occurs in this area when attempt to play any more or less loud sound. This phenomenon is known as autophony.
Sometimes the ears arise nagging feeling, a feeling of fullness of the ear fluid that shimmers at every attempt to change the position of the head.
Pain in this form of the disease is not observed, body temperature is also normal.
Help. Usually, symptoms of acute tubootitis disappear after 2-3 days after you start taking appropriate medications.
Regardless, it chronic or acute tubootitis has one code in ICD 10 and marked as Н68.0 — inflammation of the auditory (Eustachian) tube.
The absence of treatment is the reason that acute tubootitis becomes chronic, which is characterized by atrophy of the mucosa of the tympanic membrane. Patients observed the turbidity of the tympanic membrane, its deformation, retraction and narrowing of the Eustachian tube. There are problems with hearing and slight redness in the inner ear.
The development of chronic forms of the disease is accompanied by severe ear pain, may increase the temperature of the body. Overall, the forecast comforting, but without the intervention of the audiologist can not do. Treatment of chronic tubootitis aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process, as well as its source.
The location of the
The disease can affect one or both ears. In this connection allocate bilateral, right-hand and left-hand tubootitis. Most often the disease is diagnosed in young children, but under certain conditions, mainly in case of weakening of the immune system, it can also occur in adults.
Bilateral tubootitis extremely dangerous and in disrepair means a complete loss of hearing.
It is highly important to diagnosis tubootitis. Regardless of one or two in the ear he struck, the patient is assigned otoscopy and audiometry. In addition, it is obligatory tests that can identify the cause of the disease.
Bilateral, left-hand and right-hand tubootitis may be due to infection or allergic reaction and can occur in acute or chronic form.
The reasons for the development
Infectious tubootitis — ear disease, which is caused by the virus or the infection in the organ of hearing as a result of damage to the outer cover. Damage to the ear during cleaning of earwax, attempts to remove breaking into his ear insect, or any other foreign object.
The infection can penetrate into the ear from the nasopharynx, because it is extremely important to promptly treat any respiratory diseases.
In some cases, the cause tubootitis is an allergic reaction to ingesting medicines, food, insect bites. If you suspect that the disease is associated with allergies, consult an allergist. The treatment of the disease in this case would involve taking antihistamines, the effect of which will be aimed at increasing immunity.
Regardless of the variety of the pathology, its treatment involves the administration anti-Allergy, vasoconstrictive and hormone drugs. Patients prescribed physiotherapy procedures, and tools designed to eliminate not only the disease but also its cause.
The best way to protect yourself from the disease is the hardening, moderate exercise, timely treatment of any inflammatory processes in the body.
Knowing how to proceeds in one form or another, the tubootitis what it is, ask for help to the audiologist at the first suspicion of the disease. Early treatment will help avoid possible complications.