Transmission of infection by airborne droplets, it’s like
How is the infection airborne?
The transmission of viruses and bacteria through airborne droplets is carried out through close contact with a person infected with the infection. This usually occurs during coughing, sneezing or with a small distance when communicating. At this time a sick person produces in the surrounding space of microparticles containing bacteria and infection.
Next, the virus penetrates the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract. Commonly they penetrate into the area around the mouth or nasal passages quickly and cause inflammation. But transmission of infection by airborne droplets is frightening only to those people whose immune system is weakened. This usually occurs in the cold season or after prolonged use of antibiotics or antidepressants.
How are viruses and bacteria
Viral infections have the ability to quickly transfer from one organism to another, thus infecting a growing number of people. This usually occurs in areas with large concentrations of people in kindergartens, schools and other spaces.
At the moment of activation of respiratory diseases, protect the upper respiratory tract, as the bacteria is transmitted during sneezing, coughing or by close contact with people.
The bacteria penetrating into the body, cause the spread of viruses that quickly infect a healthy body.
This method of transmission of infections and bacteria is characteristic only for those viruses which are located on the mucous membranes of the body, as they have the property of easy removal from the infected organism.
This usually occurs when coughing, shouting, singing, and fellowship. At this time of the body secrete small drops that may fall as the other person, and household items: chairs, tables, utensils and other objects.
Gusts of air they can move at a fairly large distance. So when you inhale these microorganisms fall into the nasal passages and penetrate the mucosa, causing infection of the body of another person.
It is known that this mechanism of infection may be detrimental only to those people who are close to the sick person. However, such inflammation, like smallpox or measles is transmitted and at a great distance.
The main bacteria transmitted by airborne droplets
Often from viral disease affects people whose immune system is weakened due to weather conditions or due to the side effects from the use of drugs.
Therefore, people need to know the most common viruses. These include:
- Whooping cough.
- Scarlet fever.
- Meningococcal disease.
Many people wonder how airborne is the inflammation enters the body of a healthy person.
It is known that influenza is transmitted in the next two days after revealing the first symptoms of media. In this time of deteriorating health, increased body temperature, affects the upper respiratory tract, leading to blood poisoning harmful toxins.
In addition, in the process of inflammation there is a fever, body aches, dysfunction of the auditory tube and pain in the head and ears. After the second day of the disease there is coughing and mucous nasal discharge.
Another inflammation which is considered to be contagious but appears mostly in children, diphtheria.
In the case of diseases in human beings appear white film in throat. Inflammation is characterised by intoxication and inflammation of the eye, larynx, pharynx, trachea and nasal sinuses.
The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, so in the process of inflammation is necessary to fence off a person from fellowship and to allocate individual devices for eating and hygiene.
Unlike other diseases, diphtheria can be transmitted by airborne droplets even at the time of recovery.
Inflammation, which is distinguished from other viral diseases purulent lesion of the membranes of the brain, is considered the most dangerous among respiratory diseases. So if you diagnosed the disease an urgent need to isolate themselves from others and households.
Measles is a contagious children’s disease, which is accompanied by a rash. Is only transmitted by airborne droplets. Is characterized by severe lesions of the skin. In addition, the patient noted severe pain in the head, edema of the larynx, a person loses appetite and feels substantial deterioration of health.
Another inflammation that is transmitted by droplets – rubella. It affects the lymphatic system and causes an increase in body temperature. In the process of inflammation are formed of rash and rashes.
At the moment of activation of inflammation, which are transmitted by droplets person needs to take care of your health condition and take necessary measures. It is necessary to monitor the body’s immune system and otherwise strengthen it.
Follow the food. It should be diverse and filled with vitamins. This will allow in case of inflammation to protect the body from bacteria. In winter it’s inaccessible, so it is important to hardening of the body and to ventilate the living room.
In addition, prevention includes avoidance of the big congestion of crowded places during epidemics. If your child goes to kindergarten, during the spread of the disease is necessary to avoid contact with sick children.
Prevention of airborne infections includes the correct mode of the day. Ensure that your child and you need to sleep, because lack of rest weakens the immune system.