Trauma to the ear: how to treat an injury or a trauma from a blow
How to treat a bruised ear?
Ear injuries occur quite often and have various character: from a small bruise to damage several parts of the organ of hearing. Due to the swelling of the passage may disrupt the hearing, to appear congestion, to occur the noise. The injury in most cases is complicated by a hematoma.
More serious traumatic injuries are accompanied by injuries, ruptures of the ear. If the damage of the tympanic membrane bleeding occurs. In rare cases, dizziness occurs, nausea, headache, weakness, impaired coordination, discharge of liquid from the ear.
Causes of ear injuries
Traumatic injuries of the ears arise from the following impacts:
- Mechanical. Trauma to the ear from a blow, a bite wound, during an unsuccessful removal of foreign objects from the ear.
- Thermal. At high or low temperature exposure can cause burns or frostbite.
- Chemical. Under the influence of substances, which include acid and alkali.
- Acoustic. The sudden appearance of a loud sound.
Depending on the severity of the impact can damage any part of the hearing organ: outer, middle and inner ear.
With injury without damaging the skin tissue can be applied to the affected area cold object. This will help to remove puffiness and reduce the hematoma. A good remedy is ice, wrapped in a clean cloth. You can also use a cold bottle of water, a package of milk, etc. to Keep cold need no more than 20 minutes as prolonged freezing can lead to necrosis of the skin.
If a serious injury in the form of biting, scratching, you must treat the damaged area with brilliant green, iodine or hydrogen peroxide. Then you need to protect the wound from dirt and dust using a gauze bandage or band-aid.
Helping the patient, the injured ear, requires no special manipulations. The most important thing is to calm down and not to panic.
For more serious types of wounds (cuts or tears) you need to put pressure on the wound with your fingers to stop the bleeding.
Clean the damage with a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide, and treating the place near the wound with iodine or green paint.
Applying a gauze bandage to secure the bandage.
In the case where the part of the ear torn or cut, you need to save it. For this you need to put it into a clean polythene, put it in the container with cold water and bring together with the victim to the hospital. Within 10 hours there is a possibility of torn piece to sew.
If the damage of the eardrum should be at the ear with cotton to reinforce it with a bandage and immediately deliver the patient to a medical facility.
Trauma and injury to the ear in any case cannot do:
- Insert in ear canal with cotton wool or tissue. This would prevent exit wounds blood and fluid.
- Self rinse and clean the body.
- In case of burn or frostbite warm, RUB or cool the damage. This can disrupt the hearing and to change the shape and appearance of the ear.
- To remove foreign objects from the ear. This can lead to their penetration deep into the body and greatly aggravate the situation.
Important! With fractures and injuries of the ear, obtained from shock, not to self-diagnose and self-medicate. This can lead to serious consequences.
Treatment of contusions and injuries of the ear
When injuries and ear injuries of varying severity doctors carried out a series of events:
- When lung damage is treated the wound with hydrogen peroxide or green paint, and apply a bandage.
- Dangerous when the damage occurs when the blood, prescribe antibiotics to prevent inflammation.
- If you experience bruises damaged area reveal and carry out cleaning to prevent infectious inflammation. Impose on the wound with a gauze bandage.
- In the event of rupture or deformation of the ear is carried out restorative surgery.
- Upon rupture of the eardrum is carried out the processing of auditory canal antiseptics with a cotton swab and prescribed medication with antibiotics.
The first time you need supervision from a medical professional and proper care damage which includes a change pouyazadeh material, treatment of the wound, proper nutrition and rest.
How to treat a bruised ear at home?
Two days after receiving the injury, you can use the following methods of home treatment:
- Warm compress relieves pain and helps to restore the circulation.
- A slight massaging the affected areas helps with mild pain.
- The treatment of the injury by means of bruises thus promotes its healing.
Folk remedies for pain relief
The following traditional medicines help to reduce pain and promote elimination of hematomas:
- Badyaga. Powder diluted in water to a mushy mass and apply to the affected ear two times a day.
- The skin of the banana is used in the absence of a cold compress. The tool is applied to the inner side of injury.
- Butter applied every half hour to injury. The tool promotes the resorption of bruises and reduces swelling.
- Hop cones. Made the ointment of 300 g suet and 70 g of hop cones. Melt the fat and add the crushed product. The mixture lubricate the sore spot. The remedy helps relieve pain, promotes the resorption of hematomas.
- Plantain. The leaf part apply to the sore spot.
- Aloe. Breaks down the fleshy leaf of a plant is cut transversely and attached to the bruised spot.
- Cabbage. Leaf cooled in the fridge, then applied to the affected ear.
To prevent ear injury, it is necessary to observe preventive measures. It is necessary to conduct proper cleaning of the ears, avoid loud noises, wear protective helmet while riding on a bike, obey the traffic rules and speed limits when driving a car.
Getting a job with a high level of noise, you need to pass a test on the degree of ear fatigue. With long-term restoration of hearing after passing the test it is not recommended to get a similar job. If you successfully passed the test, you should always use personal protective equipment from noise and to comply with safety regulations during work.
In case of ear injury are required to provide first aid and then take him to the trauma facility. The treatment of trauma and injuries in the home, as the use of national resources, should be agreed with your doctor.