A Baker’s cyst: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Киста Бейкера: причины, симптомы, диагностика и лечение

Where and how does the tumor

A Baker’s cyst is a soft tumor formation, which is characterized by high elasticity. It develops in the popliteal fossa on the posterior surface of the knee joint. If you view the photo of this disease, it becomes clear that when bent leg education is reduced in size, and in some cases completely disappears.

The causes and symptoms of cysts

A Baker’s cyst in most cases is the result of diseases of the knee joint, such as:

  • chronic synovitis;
  • trauma to the joint;
  • patellofemoral osteoarthritis;
  • damage to the cartilage;
  • degenerative changes or damage to the meniscus;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis.

In some cases, Baker’s cyst can occur for no apparent reason. Usually this disease occurs in people older age, in children and adolescents it occurs very rarely. If an adult or a child is injured the knee that can also be a boost to the development of cysts, it is important to ice and immediately consult a doctor to avoid complications.

To detect independently the presence of Baker’s cyst is easy because this disease has its symptoms:

  • when the flattened joint observed elastic dense rounded education;
  • in the popliteal region there is often pressure, pain, discomfort;
  • there are difficulties in the movement in the knee;
  • a feeling of numbness or freezing the skin of the leg below the knee, swelling;
  • regular blockade of the knee joint.

If the disease is left untreated and not pay attention to the typical symptoms, it is possible that a rupture of Baker’s cyst, which will lead to serious complications and need for surgical intervention.

Diagnosis of the disease

At the reception, the doctor first asking the patient about health, listen to complaints and clarify the operation of the foot pain and discomfort which is concerned about the patient. This will allow to find out the disease duration and to establish the causes of its appearance. Then the doctor will begin an inspection to determine whether the popliteal fossa Baker’s cyst, and immediately study the range of motion of the knee.

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To put the final diagnosis, will require an additional go through some of these procedures:

  • Computed tomography and ultrasound. They are conducted in order to understand the true causes of this disease and to determine whether he has complications.
  • Diaphanoscopy. While she used a very bright light, which allows you to determine whether the tumor liquid contents.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This procedure is necessary in order to find out whether there are injuries to the meniscus.
  • Arthrography. During her a photo of the joints, which makes it possible to determine whether the patient has arthritis and what value has the tumor.
  • The blood drive. The need for such analysis arises only in the case when the patient has a sudden temperature increase, or if the tumor is growing rapidly. With the help of a blood test can find out whether a tumor in the popliteal region malignant.

  • Various methods of tumor treatment

    Киста Бейкера: причины, симптомы, диагностика и лечение

    Looks like a cyst in the fMRI

    Popliteal Baker’s cyst require treatment, otherwise there will be a gap and there will be other complications. Selected therapy for each patient individually. It all depends on what are the dimensions of the popliteal cyst, how quickly it develops and how often cause pain and discomfort in the patient.

    Most often, treatment involves medical therapy. So, during her prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They are effective in relieving pain and swelling. But it is important to take them only as directed by your doctor, as these drugs have many side effects.

    If a Baker’s cyst causes severe pain syndromes and is characterized by a large size, then the patient is assigned to aspiration. During this procedure, the tumor is introduced puncture needle. It is the removal of the liquid and enter the special drugs. After aspiration, the cyst gradually dissolve.

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    If the Baker’s cyst is inflamed, it is recommended bioresonance therapy. Are the procedure, during which the knee joint pulses of electromagnetic radiation. In addition, doctors in most cases prescribe a specific exercise. They aim to strengthen the knee and its parts. It is particularly important to comply with them, if the Baker’s cyst occurred due to arthritis.

    When the Baker hernia is large, surgery is performed. It is used in cases where the tumor is growing rapidly, ruptured cysts, the work of the knee joint difficult. In addition, surgery is reserved if other treatments have been ineffective.

    Surgery, during which removed a Baker’s cyst, lasts about 30-45 minutes. After her stitches can be removed within a week, and loading the knee joint — on the fifth day.

    Treatment of folk remedies and prevention

    Киста Бейкера: причины, симптомы, диагностика и лечение

    Noticing the symptoms of this disease, many are used along with therapy that is prescribed by a doctor, a folk remedy. This comprehensive treatment gives excellent results. But it is important to only use proven and effective folk remedies. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Application. They are best made from the leaves of raspberry and elderberry. They are taken in equal parts and then filled with 100 ml of boiling water and insist 30 minutes. Then the sheets are passed on to the oilcloth material and applied to the affected area. Keep the application you need for 2 hours. To do this procedure you need every day until then, until the Baker’s cyst behind the knee will not resolve.
  • The compresses. They need to prepare a tincture Golden mustache. To do this, take plant parts (leaves, segments) and fill them one-third liter cans, and then fill it to the brim with water. Then cover and let stand in a dark place for 20 days. After that, moisten in the resulting solution gauze and apply it to the knee joint. In addition, the infusion can be drunk. Do it best 2 times a day 2 tablespoons. l. Please note that the infusion Golden mustache will not only help to cure the disease, but also to strengthen the joint.
  • Herbal infusions. Take equal parts of birch buds, mint leaves, knotweed, nettle, plantain and knotweed. Boil 20 g of the obtained collecting 300 ml of water and leave for 1 hour. Ready herbal infusion drink 3 times a day 100 ml. With the help of this tool, the Baker’s cyst will resolve quickly, but it is important to use it regularly.
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    You have developed a Baker’s cyst, it is important to prevent this disease:

    • before physical activity always warm up muscles and ligaments to prepare the joints for the upcoming workout;
    • during sports activities wear comfortable shoes;
    • when cornering, lower limbs or body avoid stress on the knee joint;
    • complete physical activity with exercises designed to slow the stretching of the muscles.