A cyst behind the knee: treatment of disease

Киста под коленом: методы лечение недуга

A benign tumor of the knee: a typical location and appearance

Many people, especially with age, begin to disturb various pain. Very often they occur in the knees. The reason for this may be a cyst of the popliteal fossa. The sooner you start treatment, the faster you can get rid of this neoplasm. If to speak about treatment, it is possible to use traditional therapy methods in combination with folk remedies.

Symptoms and causes the formation of cysts

The pathological formation in the popliteal depression is called «Baker’s cyst». If you feel a hand under the knee, you will be able to identify the seal, which has an elastic structure. To synovial cyst is palpated, the knee should bend at the bending joint, the tumor may be possible.

The main signs of the disease is the presence of pain below the knee. If it is not treated, it can lead to reduced mobility, to the extent that the patient won’t be able to move the injured leg. Sometimes there is a rupture of a cyst behind the knee, it occurs because of high blood pressure. If the popliteal the tumor has reached large size, it will push on nerve endings that will cause pain in this area. Usually is pinched tibial nerve.

Basically, a cyst in the popliteal fossa caused by various injuries of the lower extremities. In some cases, the disease can be a chronic disease of the articular synovial sheath, it is called synovitis.

The main factors that can cause of Baker’s cyst:

  • all kinds of injuries in the knee region;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • damage to the cartilage in the joint;
  • changes in the meniscus, which are degenerative in nature.

Typically, a popliteal cyst is a secondary disease that is a result of degenerative or pathological changes in the joint. In some cases, to identify the cause of tumors is not possible.

Methods of diagnosis of tumors

Киста под коленом: методы лечение недугаThe first scan event is a survey of the patient during which the doctor discovers the antiquity of disease and possible causes that led to its development. This is followed by examination of the popliteal depression, ewupawly tumor, turns out its size and the range of motion of the knee.

To establish an accurate and definitive diagnosis may require the following actions:

  • computed topography and ultrasound;
  • diaphanoscope, during which the knee Shine a beam of light, which gives the opportunity to detect the presence of liquid;
  • magnetic resonance imaging if there is suspicion of injury to the meniscus;
  • x-rays of the joints (arthrography) will help to exclude the presence of diseases, which lead to changes in the structure of the joint, e.g. arthritis;
  • if there is fever and education is growing rapidly, conduct a blood test to exclude the presence of malignant tumors in the popliteal fossa.

Usually a Baker’s cyst is found in adults, often in old age, in children it is formed very rarely. In the presence of a cyst of the popliteal fossa treatment should start without delay. Otherwise, you may experience complications such as thrombophilic subcutaneous and deep veins of the lower leg, thrombosis.

Methods of treatment of the disease

This disease can be treated using conservative methods, surgical intervention or folk remedies. In many cases, the cyst does not require a special events and 2-3 years self-absorbed. If it causes pain and discomfort, to treat it there are the following methods.

Киста под коленом: методы лечение недуга

  • Conservative treatment. It should only be performed by a doctor. It can be perforation of the cyst membrane with a special needle, and then using a syringe, remove fluid. Then the cavity is injected anti-inflammatory drugs such as diprospan, hydrocortisone or a similar product. Quite often, after the application of this method is the relapse of the disease, so the patient must regularly undergo examination by a doctor. There are cases when the inflammatory process extends to the whole joint. This situation requires anti-inflammatory treatment with ointments and compresses or the use of injections of hormonal drugs directly into the joint. As an additional therapy can be administered physiotherapy.
  • Surgery. This method can be used when the cyst has reached a large size and disrupts the knee joint, and also if other treatments have not brought the expected results. Operation is simple, it lasts about 30 minutes, loading the knee on the 5th day, the sutures are removed on the 7th.
  • Traditional methods of treatment. Applying them without consulting a doctor is impossible. First, you must determine the cause of the cyst, and only a specialist will be able to distinguish a cyst from a malignant tumor. Traditional methods can be effective in the initial stage of the disease when the tumor size is small.
  • For treatment use lotions from steamed dandelion leaves, raspberry, celandine. As a compress it is possible to apply a tincture Golden mustache. Inside can be decoctions, which have a diuretic and anti-inflammatory action. This way you improve the condition of the knee joint, remove the symptoms of the disease, leading to normalization of the synovial fluid and reduction of the cyst.

    If you find yourself behind the knee the cyst, it is urgent to begin treatment. In this case, the negative effects of the presence of a lesion will be minimal and you quickly get rid of the problem.

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