A cyst of the knee: causes, symptoms and treatment
The cyst of the knee joint is considered to be a disease of the elderly. Indeed, in children this disease is extremely rare. The causes of such tumors in babies — a variety of a knee injury.
In recent years, various diseases of the knee joint is much younger. Treatment of benign tumors of the knee are increasingly required people after 30 years. Why is there a cyst of the knee joint and how to resist disease?
Where and why there is a cyst
The cyst most often appears on the back wall of the knee joint. Before the tumor was considered an occupational disease of athletes. If you look at the photo, the cyst is easily observed that to a certain extent, facilitates the diagnosis of the disease. Why such a tumor appears? The reasons are not only to the injury of the knee joint.
Osteoarthritis, patellofemoral arthrosis, arthritis and other diseases associated with dysfunction of the joints, muscles, bones, cartilage, periarticular tissues, 50% of cases are the reason for the presence of benign tumors. If the knee is sore, it can also give impetus to the formation of cysts. Often as the cause that triggered the disease, called inflammatory processes in the body and their complications, which for one reason or another, failed to preserve, to repay in the initial stages.
How is the cyst? The above reasons lead to the fact that the body produces a large amount of synovial fluid. This substance accumulates in the back part of the knee. The more synovial fluid, the greater the pressure on end nerves.
The main symptoms of such a tumor of the knee:
- swelling of the affected area;
- numbness of the knee;
- pain when moving the knee;
- local swelling of the legs.
If the disease is neglected and its treatment not started promptly, there may be a complete immobility of the knee joint. Thrombosis or varicose veins — complications that it carries with it a benign tumor. If the knee pains began, and the lower part of the leg numb and you’ll be lower than other areas of the body temperature — it is a signal about the presence of disorders in the knee joint. Diagnosis and treatment of benign tumors in the early stages of development greatly complicated by the fact that the clinical picture of the disease are similar to the manifestations of other inflammatory diseases of the joints.
«Joint effusion», also called a tumor, can occur in those people who have never had a joint inflammation and knee injuries. Moreover, sometimes it is formed on a completely healthy knee. From this type of benign tumor suffer, as a rule, children. To accurately determine the presence or absence of cysts can ultrasonography of the knee or magnetic resonance imaging.
Physical activity is the best means of preventing many ailments. However, excessive loads are one of the root causes of various diseases. Even if the knee had never been injured, but the man worked on the production, which requires heavy lifting, the risk that it will have a cyst there.
You need to know and remember: no self-medication, including folk remedies, with such a tumor is unacceptable and could lead to accelerated development of disease, up to disability. If the clinical picture is complicated by the presence of other diseases, appointed by the puncture of the cyst contents.
Types of tumors of the joint
Treatment of cysts is closely related to the definition of its varieties. To determine exactly what type of tumor, can only physicians. There are several different types of tumors that can develop in the knee joint.
Paramedische cyst occurs when a tumor of the meniscus of the knee joint switches to the ligaments and pericapsular area. Education increases in size, it can be seen. Removal is possible only surgically, but it is believed that physical activities can prevent the development of tumors. Their use can be achieved complete restoration of function of the knee.
Synovial cyst is like a hernia. Today it is one of the least studied of benign tumors. This cyst usually appears in people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Rupture of the hernia is very dangerous for the continued operation of the knee. Drug treatment of such benign tumor brings a relatively small effect, because you need it in a timely manner surgically removed.
Cyst spondylitis is one of the common names of benign tumors of the Baker. It is thick and soft to the touch, very elastic, develops in the popliteal fossa. Its structure is more reminiscent of a hernia. The tumor is visible in the photograph bent and straightened the knee. The destructive processes occur directly in the joint capsule and are localized in nature.
The most common benign formation on the legs of women is ganglia cyst. It resembles a spherical or oval formation, which have a duct connecting the tumor, tendon sheath and joint capsule. The cyst is filled with fluid gelatinous substance.
Before the tumor was considered a rare disease, but as research shows, it occurs more often in women. The reason is not only inflammatory diseases, but also increased physical activity, metabolic disorders, adverse environmental factors.
Types of cysts in the meniscus
Cyst on the meniscus of the knee often develops in those people whose life is connected with constant physical strain. Such a tumor of the meniscus of the plot, or rather, his strip consists of sliseobrazutee substances. There are three stages of this disease. At last it ceases to be purely local, covers the capsule and ligaments of the foot. People with foot traffic is experiencing knee pain. The swelling of the knee joint, treatment should be initiated in a timely manner, usually no larger than 3 centimeters. Most often such a cyst is formed in the knees of young people.
Meniscus — is the place, the functioning of which is associated with the appearance similar to neoplasms. A benign tumor mizelialnah and lateral meniscus of the knee joint differ from each other. In the first case, the meniscus is broken locally, in the inner part of the joint. The tumor bulges, usually in front of or behind the inner side walls. Will help in this case, only surgery — arthroscopy. The most effective method of treatment of benign tumors of the lateral meniscus is also surgery.
Removal of cysts in the latter stages of its development is possible only surgically. Operation is assigned in the case when other treatments have proved ineffective.