A cyst of the meniscus of the knee: treatment and symptoms

Киста мениска коленного сустава: лечение и симптомыA method of treating cysts of the meniscus of the knee joint depends on the stage and severity of disease. If you have detected a cyst in the early stage, it is possible to treat it with folk remedies. Other methods involve medication or surgery.

This pathology is not age, damage to the knee joint is exposed to people from 14 to 40 years. As a rule, these are young athletes or middle-aged people who face the daily stress on the joints. Thus, excessive load is considered the main cause of the disease.

Pathological area can be located on the sides of the meniscus or within it. There is an outer meniscus — lateral and internal — medial. Most commonly affected are the outer part, because it is more movable, internal is damaged in rare cases (ratio 5:1).


What is the role of internal and external meniscus

Meniscus — a kind of dampers that regulate the load on knee joints and in case of excessive tension limit their mobility. In addition, the menisci can reduce the friction of the articular surfaces. It prolongs their normal functioning.

A cyst of the meniscus of the knee joint is one of the most common joint pathologies. The disease can be both hereditary and acquired character.

As a rule, the shape of the meniscus varies depending on the direction in which movement occurs, but the internal mobility of the meniscus is much higher, consequently, different injuries subject to this part. The meniscus is supplied with blood through the arteries. They are located in the joint capsule. But the inner meniscus does not enter the blood, as there is no access. But there are a number of the special zone, which is provided with the necessary amount of blood. This area is treated faster than the inner part: ruptured fused in a short period of time, if the meniscus is supplied with blood.

Киста мениска коленного сустава: лечение и симптомы

What is a knee meniscus

Treatment of medial meniscus is time-consuming, methods of treatment is always individual. However there can be damaged as a separate menisci, and combinations thereof. Many athletes are afraid to damage the inner region of the meniscus, outer heal faster and without consequences. How can you get a cyst of the meniscus of the knee joint? Any bad move (sharp flexion of the legs, for example) has implications in the development of such pathology.

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A cyst of the lateral meniscus: symptoms

What is a cyst? It is a bubble that contains mucoid fluid. It is formed in the thickness of the meniscus and fills the inside of this bubble. The occurrence of cyst, for various reasons, but to treat her to one.

The treatment of the lateral meniscus does not require surgery and the cyst passes relatively quickly. In case of rupture, the treatment takes up to 2 weeks. As a rule, this disease has common features, regardless of the location of damage in the internal or external parts. For example, all patients with a diagnosis of a cyst of the meniscus of the knee pain that worsens during physical exercises. The pain may be muted, calm or intense, tearing.

Pathology of the lateral meniscus also has distinctive symptoms: increased temperature in the affected region, a significant increase of the joint, specific sounds when moving the knee. The pathology progresses slowly in the initial stages you will not feel pain in the joint, but soon you notice the first signs of the cysts. Require immediate medical treatment, the patient may be advised painkillers and many other drugs with different spectrum of action.

Киста мениска коленного сустава: лечение и симптомы

The extent of damage to the meniscus


Symptoms of damage of medial meniscus

Cyst external, or medial, meniscus is accompanied by several distinct symptoms. First of all it is pain in the region of the inner part of the joint. The patient has a special sensitivity at the point of junction of the meniscus with ligaments. A strong pain in flexion, the person becomes difficult to move my leg. Further distinguishing symptom of damage of medial meniscus is the weakness in the muscles of the anterior thigh. When a person straining limbs, backache occur in the affected area.

If we talk about lateral meniscus, his loss causes several other symptoms. For example, the pain occurs at the place of the fibular ligament, and when you try hard to bend the leg, the pain occurs in the area of collateral ligament. As well as in the pathology of the medial meniscus lesion lateral meniscus is accompanied by a weakening of the muscles, most often the front of the thighs. The patient may be synovitis.

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Киста мениска коленного сустава: лечение и симптомыCauses of cysts of the meniscus can be joint disease: osteochondrosis, arthritis, arthrosis. In this case, the treatment should start with addressing the source of the disease, but arising from the primary ailment of a cyst of the meniscus will be easily in a short time. In each of these cases, you should consult a specialist. To treat such disease alone is not recommended, as it’s easy to bring yourself to the operating table.

The most common place for the formation of cyst — knee. There usually is swelling, which indicates a meniscus tear.

Remember that a cyst of the external meniscus leads to many other diseases of the joints. Osteoarthritis is considered a frequent pathology, which may be a cause and consequence cyst of the meniscus of the knee joint.


Diagnosis of the disease

To begin treatment of an illness, we need to confirm the diagnosis. For this you should visit a doctor and undergo the necessary tests. First the specialist will conduct a visual inspection after which ask you some questions, and in the end will be offered to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Perhaps the use of ultrasound diagnostics and computer tomography.

Indications MRI will decide what treatment is necessary in this case. The CT scan will provide accurate information on the state of the meniscus (he pinched, ripped or torn). However, some of the cyst is often confused with other pathologies and prescribe stretching. The doctor put correct diagnosis and treatment does not hurt, it is recommended to pass all the examinations.

Don’t forget, if a cyst of the meniscus of knee (joint) appears twice, it necessarily becomes chronic. In this case, the symptoms change, as well as treatment.

Depending on the age, severity of pathology, its location (internal damage of the meniscus or external), the specialist chooses the method of treatment: either conservative or operative. However, regardless of the method of treatment, special measures had been taken: the patient is overlaid with a cold compress, which is fixed with a bandage. Thus slowing down the progression of the disease.


Treatment conservative and surgical methods

What to do next? If you get an experienced doctor, he will proceed as follows: you put on the affected area plaster not less than 3 weeks. And then prescribe special restorative treatments that will help to accelerate the healing process in rehabilitation period. If we consider the conservative method, it is necessary to make a puncture. Since some amount of blood is lost, the blockade of the joint. After that, the doctor usually appoints physiotherapy.

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In most cases, for the treatment of cysts of the meniscus of the knee are assigned chondroprotectors. However effective a drug will only be the case if you start taking it at the early stages of the disease. The treatment is very lengthy. Sometimes it takes from 1.5 to 3 years to fully restore the meniscus. Chondroprotectors are some contraindications:Киста мениска коленного сустава: лечение и симптомы

  • pregnancy;
  • age limit;
  • allergies.

Why use such drugs only on the advice of a doctor. To fight the disease, use special creams and gels. Will help and folk medicine: bee venom, which has healing properties and is especially useful at the initial stage of the disease. If you suffer from severe pain, take painkillers.

A cyst of the meniscus of the knee treated and physical therapy. The patient is often prescribed therapeutic exercises, massages and various treatments. If you are being treated at home, useful will be walking on all fours.

In some cases, surgery is needed? First, it is necessary to resort to surgery for those who have a crushed meniscus, and second, if there is a bias. You also need to do the surgery to those patients who had bleeding in the joint cavity. Finally, the surgery should contact, if there is a margin of the meniscus.