Aching hands — what kind of disease

Why aching hands? This can be a lot of reasons. The hand, as it is known, is part of the upper limb. It is composed of 8 carpal bones, 5 metacarpal bones, bones of the finger phalanges and soft tissue surrounding these bones.Болят кисти рук - что это за заболевание

Injury and strain as the cause of the pain

The hand can quite often be subjected to any injury. Many of these people can get in the process. Pain in the hands can occur from strong tension of the muscles under too much mechanical stress, prolonged incorrect position of hands, hard work.

Pain in the wrist can be caused by:

  • by stretching the muscles;
  • torn ligaments;
  • fracture of the bones;
  • injury;
  • compression;
  • other mechanical influences.

If you assume that the reason for discomfort is muscle tension, it is necessary first of all to rest the limb, do not move your hand and not to expose her load. Sometimes the pain is evidence of disease of the nervous system or the musculoskeletal system. If the pain continues for a long time and it doesn’t go away, then you need to go to the clinic.

Болят кисти рук - что это за заболевание

The structure of the hand

Pain in the wrist appears when fracture, sprain or dislocation. The doctor will prescribe an x-ray of the hand. If hand injuries are not present, the doctor will recommend to examine the cervical vertebrae. Pain syndrome may be caused by deformation or shift of the intervertebral disc or hernia.

Sometimes the signs of fracture are implicit. If you experience severe pain first a person thinks that he had an injury. But then when exposed to even a small load on the injured arm a sharp pain that is a symptom of fracture. What to do in this case? The patient should immediately taken to the trauma.

If it hurts the right hand, it could be due to injury or too much strain on the muscles. Because the person usually does more of the various actions of the right hand, pain in the right hand may be the result of muscle tension in the process. Need to rest and provide a hand rest.

In what situations should immediately contact the doctor

If the aching joints of the hands, and the feeling persists in a quiet state without effort and load, the cause can be arthritis or any inflammation. If the pain in the left wrist is transferred to the top limb, then it may be a symptom of angina or heart attack. This symptom cannot be ignored.

Stroke or infarction are characterized by such signs as:

  • respiratory failure;
  • nausea;
  • blanching of the skin of the face and body;
  • pain in the chest area;
  • cold sweat;
  • anxiety.

If you combine two or more of these signs, it can be dangerous. An urgent need to take action. When the victim appeared such symptoms should immediately call an ambulance.

Access to a doctor is necessary in some other cases:

  • if the pain in the hand continues for more than 2 days;
  • pain syndrome increases in mechanical load;
  • reduced sensitivity;
  • impaired function of the limb;
  • appeared swelling of the arm.

Often pain in racemes appear when the diseases of the joints, rarely by trauma. If the upper limb was swollen and sore, you need to go to casualty and an x-ray. Self-medication or delaying a visit to the doctor in such cases can only be harmful.

Pain in the hands arthritis and gout

One of the reasons for pain rheumatoid arthritis. The diagnosis of the disease is based on the data of x-rays, blood tests and patient complaints. Arthritis patient feels pain in the joints, which are located symmetrically. This reduces their mobility and leads to inflammation. It’s hard to bend the arm, joints swollen.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a severe autoimmune disease. The most common among women, men suffer them less frequently. The ratio of women and men is 5:1. Currently, unfortunately, there is no radical method of therapy of this disease. The inflammatory process gradually destroys the joint cartilage, connective tissue and bone.

Болят кисти рук - что это за заболеваниеAnother disease, manifested by pain in the hands gout. It develops due to the accumulation in the joints of the chemical substances appearing as a result of metabolism of purines. The main source of purines is the consumption of meat products. Gout occurs when the metabolic. Most often the disease appears in middle-aged men.

The disease begins acutely: severe pain in the joint of the big toe, its redness and swelling. Gout can also hurt the joints located on the arm. Pain syndrome is strong, sharp. It increases at night and in the morning passes. To provoke an attack of gout may steam bath, cold greasy food, alcohol. Such attacks can be several times a year. The duration of the attack — a few days.

Osteoarthritis also causes pain in the upper limb: the joints of the thumb, wrist, shoulder and elbow joints. The patient appears pain, increasing with load and prolonged standing. After a rest, he ceases. There may be a crunch of joints. Sometimes the pain lasts a long time, up to several months.

Arthritis of the carpal joints is also manifested as pain of the joints of the hand. Pain syndrome as occurs under load and at rest. The skin around the joint turns red, becomes hot. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint. The acute phase is characterized by severe pain and swelling. Chronic period is less pronounced, but more dangerous. Not taking treatment, the patient can obtain the deformation of the joint. Arthritis develops as a result of infection entering the joint.

When you can get sick and numb brush

After childbirth and during pregnancy, women sometimes numb hands. Numbness usually appears after sleep. This happens because of imbalance of calcium, magnesium and potassium. What to do in this case? For treatment it is necessary to normalize the power to increase the amount of vitamins and minerals. It is recommended to consume more dairy products, fruits, vegetables, sunflower seeds and pumpkin. You need to drink 2 liters of water a day. If the numbness lasts a long time, it is necessary to consult a doctor and get tested.

If a person works for a long time at the computer, he usually hurts his hand. Pain syndrome occurs due to pinched nerve in the carpal tunnel. A trapped nerve due to the long uncomfortable hand position, prolonged stress or as a result of the small amount of interarticular fluid. This disease is called the carpal tunnel.

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. To prevent diseases you need to take breaks from work often to rest, perform a medical gymnastic exercises for muscle unloading. If the patient had pain in the joints, it is necessary to address to the traumatologist, neurologist or rheumatologist.

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