Acute and chronic abscess: symptoms and treatment of this disease
Acute inflammation of the periosteum abscess: symptoms and treatment
Often the person feeling pain in the leg or arm, thinking about the sprain or General injury.
No one guessed that that pain feet pain and the tooth may have a single cause such manifestations.
All the matter in this disease, as abscess, to be aware of more information to ordinary citizens.
The concept and other characteristics of the disease
Periostitis – inflammation of periosteum, entailing serious complications when not treated.
The periosteum is closely connected with the bone, so the disease affects the soft tissue. The inflammatory process may begin at the outer or inner layers, resulting to the distinctive characteristics and nature of treatment.
Inflammation often occurs in the jaw bones, which causes increase in the gums and subsequent suppuration. A simple name, such manifestations – flux. It is easily cured by physiotherapy.
Periostitis other bones occurs less frequently, but also contributes to greater dangers.
The causes of the disease
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Inflammation of the periosteum is preceded by aspects such as:
- injuries and bruises, fractures of the tibia or tendon rupture;
- diagnosed allergic or rheumatic inflammation;
- accumulated toxins in the body, poisoning the internal organs and the upper layers of the bones;
- supplementation with high content of harmful chemicals and toxins.
If a person falls into a risk group, it is necessary to consult a doctor for examination at the first signs of periostitis – pains in the limbs.
Features of periostitis of the tibia
The periosteum is a thin, but dense shell covering the surface of bones.
It contains a huge amount of blood vessels and nerves.
Inflammation of the periosteum only at the initial stage is localized in the inner or outer layer of the shell.
Subsequently, the inflammation grows and can affect the bone itself that causes osteoperiostitis.
In especially advanced cases, the inflammation goes already on the bone marrow, contributing to osteomyelitis.
Despite the above causes of disease, there are a few features in the «vulnerability» of the periosteum.
Inflammation may provoke regular running on asphalt or concrete road.
It should also be noted that most coaches insist on the benefits of running on the forefoot.
As for the use of such running for the feet, there was no reason to highlight any positive aspect. This method of landing on the paved surface leads to the inflammation of the periosteum.
Parkour is a modern fad of young people, including many patients with the diagnosis of periostitis. Inflammation of the periosteum is affected by the sudden and hard landing on the foot while jumping. Here often there are direct blows to the Shin, which causes the disease.
Classification of the disease
The inflammatory process may be localized in different parts of the body.
Depending on the place of inflammation of the periosteum secrete abscess:
- the heel bone;
- periostitis of the jaw;
- periostitis of nasal bones.
The localization process of inflammation directly affects the symptoms of the disease and treatment options. Signs and treatment also depend on the form of the disease.
There are chronic and acute inflammation. Acute abscess, characterized by purulent inflammation often becomes chronic course of the disease, because in most cases, is not provided timely treatment.
Types of abscess:
- Simple – often at risk the Shin bone and the ulnar bone. Simple periostitis is provoked by trauma or current inflammatory process.
- Purulent in most cases is formed in the tubular bones. Presents disease is formed due to contact with any infection or penetration and reproduction of bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci) through the presence and improper treatment of the wound, hematoma, abscess.
- Fibro – triggered by prolonged irritation of the periosteum.
- Ossificans is caused by prolonged irritation of the periosteum as small joints or cartilage with an additional growth of bone tissue.
- Tuberculosis – most of the diagnosed cases is a children’s pathology. You’ll be presented a view of the formation of fistulas and purulent discharge clots.
- Post-traumatic vid – allocation of stretching is characterized by a sero-mucous substance that triggered by trauma.
- Syphilis – the cause of education presented periostitis is enclosed in a pre-diagnosis of syphilis in humans.
The types of disease can dramatically change a standard course of treatment, especially if there is a change.
How to identify the disease?
The initial symptoms of abscess include pain that occurs every time when movement or palpation.
Any inflammation of the person will not see to a certain point. Such symptomatology is written down on a bruise or sprain.
Usually, inflammation due to bruises and sprains ends 2-3 weeks after injury.
The disease has no properties disengagement, so in case of untimely medical treatment is gaining momentum and changing shape.
The next stage of its development, the abscess becomes chronic ossificans view, where, through the growth of bone tissue a person notices themselves are inflammatory lesions with a characteristic redness.
If time does not take action and begin treatment, the inflammation begins to suppurate, a purulent which leads to mind inflammation. In the affected location it is noted the presence of ulcers and swelling.
Started festering in the distribution process affects the bone marrow, which can lead to the occurrence of lameness – is a violation of the functions of the lower limbs.
Diagnosis of disease
Turning the patient to the clinic the doctor will conduct a complete and thorough inspection.
Sometimes only one examination specialist can diagnose the incipient inflammation of the tibia. For diagnosis and nature of the inflammation should run some lab tests on the basis of which the doctor will determine the cause of the disease.
Here check such indicators as:
- the level of immunoglobulins;
- checks for the presence of rheumatoid factor;
- if you suspect the presence of syphilis or gonorrhea conduct research and development;
- consider figure C-reactive protein.
Next, the patient undergoes x-ray tests. It should be noted that the presented method is in the initial stages is inefficient, because it helps to establish the diagnosis only two weeks of the outbreak of the inflammatory process.
In rare cases, the patient is sent to undergo a duplex ultrasound scan. It is used only in case of suspicion, the patient of varicose veins, which caused inflammation of the periosteum.
How to choose an effective therapy?
Treatment of periodontitis involves a complete absence of load on the foot during the first days, until the complete elimination of the disease.
The patient is subjected to further examination and treatment in hospital.
Only in the initial stages of development of the abscess, the doctor may allow treatment at home.
The treatment involves administration of drugs injected intramuscularly or intravenously and also in pill form.
Are anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic remedies, by taking calcium and vitamins.
Additional applied physiotherapy:
- applying dry heat;
In any case it is impossible to self-medicate. Treatment regimen and dosage used of drugs appoints only the attending physician, who conducted a survey and identified the disease.
In some cases surgical intervention and purulent inflammation, with the presence of purulent discharge clots. Tibia is not subjected to surgical interference. Doctors make an incision in the leg and eliminate the purulent accumulation.
Through the operation the recovery will take longer.
Complications and prevention of illness
In case of untimely intervention or the assumption of the error suppurative periostitis can lead to chronic course of the disease and will lead to the emergence of diseases such as:
- sepsis and other dangerous manifestations.
To prevent describes the inflammation of the periosteum, it is necessary to implement the recommendations of the expert, which are based on wearing only orthopedic shoes, with low heels and in size.
In sports follow the instructions of the trainer and avoid excessive load on the legs.
If you felt pain in your leg, contact your doctor for a complete examination and identify the causes. The earlier you diagnose periostitis and begin treatment, the less time will be spent on restoration.